A rise in body temperature, increased headache, severely tolerated nasal congestion, feverish chills and weakness are obvious signs of a cold or flu. Their “season” is the cold season, they are evidence of the vulnerability of the human body to acute respiratory viral infections and the influenza virus. Symptoms usually become apparent when it is difficult to resort to preventive measures. Is the disease in full swing? There are two ways to help cope with this trouble - to visit a doctor or go to the pharmacy. Also, the patient has the right to buy medicine for colds and flu according to the recommendations of a medical specialist or to choose their own pills. Understand the wide range of drugs and pills presented in pharmacy windows in the section "remedies for flu and cold" is not easy. For this you need to pre-type help and choose what seems more appropriate.
Note! As a rule, treatment of viral diseases and colds is usually limited to the use of the most advertised drugs. The simplest way to recover from the disease and return the rhythm of everyday work - taking medication. How true is this approach? It is believed that anyone has a certain resource of strength and immunity, which disappears at a certain time. Even taking into account the existing wide range of drugs, do not dwell only on non-prescription drugs - you should definitely contact a specialist. This is relevant not only in the case of the disease, but also in those cases where prevention of the disease is necessary.
How to treat colds and flu?
Currently, there is no shortage of drugs that help with colds and viral diseases. They are classified according to some common characteristics.
1. Group number 1 - drugs for symptomatic treatment. Drugs in this category cope only with the symptoms of the disease: high body temperature, muscle pain, cough, nasal congestion, headache, feeling of lethargy, loss of strength.
It is important to know which cold and flu medicines in this category are especially popular:
Painkillers and antipyretics. They have a moderate analgesic effect and eliminate muscle and joint pain. Paracetamol and some other medicines, in whose composition it is included, were in this category.
Antihistamines. They are taken to reduce the swelling of the mucous membranes, eliminate inflammatory foci, lacrimation and itching. Often, for colds, doctors opt for antihistamine medications, such as Promethazine, Pheniramine and Chlorphenamine.
Vasoconstrictor. Their task is to remove nasal congestion, swelling of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and nasal cavity. Phenylephrine is particularly popular in this category.
The remedies cited as an example do not eliminate the causative agent of the disease, but successfully alleviate the painful symptoms. The recommended course of admission - 3 - 5 days.
2. Group number 2 - agents that affect the immune system and the virus. Preparations in this category are prescribed only if it is well established that the cause of the disease is a virus, which is the simplest form of life, an RNA molecule or DNA that has a special protein coat. Antiviral and immunomodulatory drugs act as a way to destroy and preserve the cell itself, blocking the development of the pathogen.
Antiviral drugs are classified by the mechanism of action, creating the following groups:
Neuraminidase inhibitors (Zanamivir, Oseltamivir). These are the most effective medicines for influenza. They prevent the spread of the virus in the body, struggle with the symptoms of the disease, and also significantly reduce the risk of complications.
M2 viral protein blockers (Amantadin, Rimantadine). They can be represented as another category of antiviral drugs such as type A. They are rarely prescribed, since they have many side effects.
Interferon inducers (Arbidol, Amiksin, Groprinosin, Cycloferon). These drugs are based on interferon and have the ability to combine well with other antiviral drugs by enhancing their action. They are a stimulus to the production in the human body of a certain type of proteins that contribute to the suppression of the infectious agent. Also, interferon inducers are an effective preventive measure for influenza epidemics.
What medicines are taken for flu?
Influenza is an acute respiratory disease. Its basis is the pathogen-virus. The duration of the incubation period during which the disease develops is 2 to 5 days. At the end of this temporary period, the corresponding symptoms become apparent:
Severely tolerated cough.
Constant feeling of tiredness, weakness.
Treatment of influenza is based on medication therapy. It is very important to adhere to bed rest, you definitely need to give up alcohol and smoking, increase drinking and taking vitamins.
List of antiviral medicines for colds
The habit of Russians to hesitate with the treatment of influenza and hurt "on their feet" leads to complications. About 40% of those infected with the flu are at risk of getting bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, less often - pyelonephritis, stomatitis and other diseases. Therefore, the appearance of chills, runny nose and other symptoms that resemble the flu should be a signal for the start of treatment for the person who becomes ill.
Tamiflu. This drug is based on oseltamivir. Appointed when the need for the prevention and treatment of influenza in patients of different age categories.
Grippferon It is an effective drug for diseases such as SARS and influenza. The main active ingredient in its composition is Interferon Alfa-2b. It is allowed to take with a tendency to allergic reactions and individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Relenza. The basic active ingredient of this drug is Zanamivir. Helps to cure the infection that develops due to influenza virus type A or B.
Amixin. The composition of this drug is Tilorone. The drug is recommended for the treatment of viral hepatitis A, B and C, as well as cytomegalovirus and urogenital infections, ARVI and flu.
Kagocel This is a drug that effectively treats and allows for the prevention of herpes, ARVI and flu. Suitable for adults and children.
Arbidol. The drug is an effective drug in the treatment of diseases such as influenza virus A and B, its subtypes H1N1, H2N2, H3N2 and H5N1. In addition to this, it eliminates the body from some other causative agents of SARS (coronavirus, adenovirus, etc.).
Treatment of colds in pregnant women and children
A number of facts are considered to be nuances in the treatment of diseases with various medications, not excluding childhood age, pregnancy status, lactation period. Most often, they are on the list of contraindications for many contraindications for taking certain medicines. In this case, it is necessary to take a number of measures that still allow to overcome diseases like flu, acute respiratory viral infections and colds in pregnant women and children. The first thing to do is to visit a doctor for advice.If the cold is insignificant - there is an opportunity not to resort to medicines, stopping the choice on recipes of traditional medicine. But in the case when the disease is caused by SARS or influenza caused by a virus, you can not risk it. It is best to build treatment on safe antiviral drugs (Arbidol, Groprinosin).
If the patient is in the children's age category, or is pregnant, medications, which are based on Paracetamol, will help normalize body temperature. The cough is treated with Gidelix and Dr. Mom, and the nasal congestion will disappear after using Pinosol.
We propose to rely on those funds that are included in the list of popular pills for the corresponding diseases, having previously read their instructions. The list is compiled with the condition that the reader can easily find out about the features of the drugs presented in it.
Cold and Flu Medications: A List of the Best Fast-Acting Medicines
Every year during seasonal fluctuations in temperature, people suffer from many unpleasant symptoms caused by a cold.
In pharmacy chains, the assortment of antiviral drugs is simply overwhelming.
Drugs differ not only by price, but also by the principle of action, the form of release, composition.
Naturally, you should not give yourself cold medications without permission, but in order to get a little guided in such means, you should read the proposed article. The list of cold medicine will allow you to understand the features of each drug.
Arbidol, Theraflu, Anaferon
Arbidol is a film-coated anti-virus tablet. Their main active ingredient is umifenovir, auxiliary: potato starch, microcrystalline cellulose. Shows the tool when:
- acute respiratory disease (ARI),
- Severe Respiratory Syndrome
- influenza type B, A,
The drug may well become part of a complex therapy in the treatment of pneumonia, chronic bronchitis. Much less, it is recommended for the prevention of health problems after surgical interventions to strengthen the immune system.
Pills for colds and flu fast-acting. They will help improve the patient's condition the next day after the start of treatment.
Arbidol has no contraindications. The only caveat when it is used: can not be used for children who are younger than 3 years. Children up to 12 years old are given 1 tablet per day, and 2 tablets for adults and children over 12 years old.
Healthy patients in order to prevent this cold remedy is not prescribed.
It is required to be dissolved with hot boiled water. The main active ingredient is paracetamol. Auxiliary substances are pheniramine maleate, phenylephrine hydrochloride.
This remedy for colds new generation. It can get rid of the disease and runny nose in just one day, but on condition that the doctor’s prescriptions and bed rest are strictly followed. Theraflu is characterized by the action:
The powder is prohibited to take along with beta-blockers and antidepressants. Teraflu should not be prescribed to patients with diabetes mellitus, pregnant, lactating women, people suffering from alcoholism, children under 12 years of age.
The medicine is fast-acting, but it is better to use it carefully. This is true if the patient suffers from arterial hypertension, severe disorders of the kidneys, liver.
Tablets for colds and flu contain antibodies that activate the functioning of human immunity. The drug is recommended for the treatment of children from 12 years and adult patients. For babies produced a special tool Anaferon children. It can be applied from 1 year of life.
You should know that this medicine is not only against viruses, but also to strengthen the immune system during seasonal jumps in air temperature. It well helps to treat herpes virus infection in mild form.
Cold Medicine Anaferon:
- acts fast
- has no contraindications
- does not cause adverse reactions.
From the drug should be abandoned only in case of individual intolerance to any of its components. In very rare cases, a skin rash is possible.
Kagocel, Coldrex, Antigrippin
Kagocel is the best fast-acting remedy for colds. Not suitable for children under 3 years old, pregnant women and during lactation. You can not take pills for individual intolerance.
Preparations of such a plan are good to use to get rid of a cold, herpes, flu, acute viral infection. Kagocel is also suitable for the prevention of these ailments.
In order not to fall ill in the autumn, it is enough to take 1 tablet every day for a week. If the cold has already begun, you should take 2 pieces three times a day for the first few days. Children give 1 tablet.
Provided that the patient clearly follows the doctor's instructions and strictly adheres to the instructions for use, the possibility of adverse reactions of the body is negligible. When the patient notes the development of allergy, you need to stop taking the medicine and consult a doctor to replace it.
This cold remedy is in powder form. It should be diluted with boiling water and drink hot. The drug Coldrex is characterized by a powerful antiviral effect and helps to cope with signs of ARVI. The list of symptoms, except for a cold, includes:
- nasal congestion,
- increased body temperature
- aching joints
- discomfort in the throat.
No less effective Coldrex against the common cold. The powder is not recommended for children with cold, pregnant women, nursing women, for severe violations of the liver, diabetes mellitus, heart problems, angle-closure glaucoma, to drink with a cold.
For adults, a remedy for cold and flu in the first days of illness should be taken in 1 packet every 4 hours. As soon as the symptoms of the disease cease, there is no need to use powder. The maximum course of therapy should not be more than 5 days in a row.
If an overdose has occurred, the patient risks severe liver damage. In addition, the long term use of the drug increases the chance of side effects, such as night sleep disorders, increased blood pressure, nausea, headaches.
It is necessary to refrain from treatment with Coldrex without first consulting a doctor.
Another drug against viruses - Antigrippin. It is believed that the drug is the best and helps from a cold, cold quickly and effectively. The tool is made in the form of tablets, like many similar drugs. Assign it to patients from 15 years.
To help with a bacterial infection, this medicine can not. It should be taken 1 piece 2-3 times a day until the patient feels better.
Antigrippin should not be taken in children with hypersensitivity to vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and paracetamol. It is also prohibited for such violations:
- renal failure
- prostatic hyperplasia.
Contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women. With extreme caution prescribed to patients with viral hepatitis, alcohol dependence, the elderly.
Ferveks, Amiksin, Ingavirin
There are drugs that instantly help with colds. These are commonly referred to as Ferwex powder. It will be no less effective in cases of rhinopharyngitis.
The powder can be taken in combination with other drugs against influenza. If the phase of the illness is acute, it is recommended to take 1 packet three times a day. During therapy should observe a gap between use of at least 4 hours.
The drug should not be taken by sick people suffering from renal insufficiency, excessive sensitivity to its individual components. During pregnancy, it is allowed only from the second trimester.
Regarding the lactation period, some components of the product may appear in breast milk. For this reason, it is better to abandon Ferwex at this time.
Cold medicine is forbidden to combine with products containing alcohol. This can cause severe liver damage. Sometimes patients complain of adverse reactions:
- pain in the abdominal cavity,
Extremely rarely, allergic reactions, such as itchy skin, rashes, can begin.
This anti-virus drug has an immunomodulatory effect. It is produced in the form of tablets, the main active ingredient is tilaxin. Auxiliary components of croscarmellose sodium, calcium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose.
Tablets are perfectly combined with other drugs against viruses, influenza. During seasonal temperature fluctuations can be used to prevent SARS (in adults and children).
For adult patients with flu and cold, it is enough to take 1 tablet once a day for 3 days. For prophylaxis take 1 piece. The tool can not be prescribed to patients with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug during pregnancy, lactation.
Medicines for colds and flu under this name are made in the form of capsules. Ingavirin helps quickly and efficiently. Heat, headache, discomfort in the throat, body aches are already a day after taking the drug.
It is not recommended for patients under 18 years of age. The main active ingredient - vitagluta, auxiliary - potato starch, magnesium stearate, colloidal silicon dioxide.
Capsules are prescribed to drink 1 time per day, regardless of the meal. Usually the general course of treatment does not exceed 5-7 days. Begin therapy immediately after the onset of the first symptoms of the disease, for example, a cold. When the treatment is delayed, the remedy, like the other drugs, begins to work with less efficiency.
So, if the first capsule was drunk a few days after the onset of the disease, the result will not come quickly.
Viferon, Anvimax, Grippferon
Many of the above remedies for colds and drugs for the common cold are not always allowed to future and young mothers who are nursing, children. Therefore, treatment of colds, rhinitis, ARVI in these patients can not do without medication Viferon.
Candles are perhaps the fastest way to cure viral ailments. They have no contraindications, except for the first trimester of pregnancy. Such an effective medicine during flu and cold helps to get rid of the symptoms.
Viferon is better than pills and other drugs copes with acute respiratory infections. Adult patients are prescribed 1 suppository three times a day. Children from a year, the dosage is reduced to 1 candle per day. And it should be noted that this is an extremely treatment for Orvi and the flu at home.
The side effects of those who used the remedies for cold and flu in candles are usually absent. Allergic rashes and pruritus occur only in extreme cases. If this happens, the treatment is canceled and other drugs used against the common cold and viruses. The list of permitted funds is extensive.
Cold and flu remedy Anvimaks presented in powder form. It is necessary for symptomatic therapy, it cannot affect the root cause of the disease. The structure includes:
- vitamin C,
Patients with excessive sensitivity to these components should use such drugs against the common cold and other signs of cold with extreme caution. Powder is the best remedy among the rest. Animax - a fast-acting drug that relieves body temperature, headaches, aches and sore throat. If applied correctly, the medicine helps to overcome the disease in a short time.
Powder should not be prescribed to patients who are younger than 18 years old, people with renal insufficiency, sarcoidosis, chronic alcohol dependence, hypercalcemia, phenylketonuria.
Like many other cold medicines, Animax cannot be a treatment for pregnant and lactating women.
Take the powder strictly according to the instructions. During exacerbation of symptoms it is necessary to drink 1 package 2 to 3 times a day. On average, the course should not be longer than 5 days in a row.
Grippferon is a good interferon-based medicine that helps fight viruses. It is also characterized by an immunomodulatory effect on the body.
The drug is approved for the treatment of pregnant women and children up to a year. The only contraindication is intolerance to individual components. The course of treatment is 5-7 days.
Named pills and other drugs - this is not a complete list of effective drugs. Funds from the flu should be selected individually. However, even in this case, the development of adverse reactions cannot be avoided. Therefore, the treatment process should take place under the supervision of a doctor, as detailed in the video in this article.
With the onset of cold weather, the number of people suffering from the flu dramatically increases. If this disease does not bypass you, it is worthwhile to familiarize yourself with information about medicines that can be used. Otherwise, you can get confused in all the variety of antiviral, immunomodulatory, antibacterial drugs.
Why is flu antiviral prescribed for flu?
The causative agents of the disease are different types of viruses. Because of them, the body's defenses are reduced, the upper respiratory tract and vascular walls are affected, and diseases of the heart, kidney, nervous system and other organs, inflammation can develop. You should not hope for immunity, body defenses. It is extremely important to start taking antiviral pills that suppress the activity of viruses. Drugs effectively violate their structure and contribute to the formation of interferon.
Great use of flu pills in the first day of the onset of symptoms. If you start to drink them later, the probability of complications decreases. During the season of infection, doctors recommend taking antiviral drugs for colds and flu as a preventive measure. In order not to get sick, it is desirable in addition:
- wear a mask
- wash hands often
- use oxolinic ointment.
Do antibiotics help with colds and flu?
A group of drugs does not pose a threat to viruses, but is still often prescribed for viral diseases. The fact is that their use is advisable in case of suspected complications. Sore throat, bronchitis, otitis media and other diseases, the causative agents of which are pathogens, may occur in people who are ill. Prior to their treatment, you need to drink antiviral pills for influenza, SARS, and then start taking broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Effective cure for flu and cold
You can fight diseases with different drugs, but you should not buy them yourself, relying on your friends' advice or your own experience. Doctors after consultation will prescribe antiviral pills for flu, means for strengthening, restoring immunity. There are lots of drugs that combine both actions. If complications appear, antibiotics can be taken. Read more about the list of drugs and their taxes.
Effective Antiviral Drugs
For the treatment of influenza can be used:
- Remantadin. Well-known inexpensive drug that suppresses influenza A viruses. After taking a patient, pathological inflammatory processes stop, the symptoms decrease, the risk of complications is prevented.
- Kagocel Another well-known cure for influenza, belonging to the group of antiviral drugs.It has a positive effect as a result of stimulation of interferon production at the physiological level.
- Cycloferon. It affects the cells of the immune system, stimulates the production of interferons. The maximum activity is achieved 2 hours after taking Cyfloferon.
- Ingavirin. Tablets quickly suppress the reproduction of the virus, stop the development. Especially good means fighting the disease at the initial stage - the multiplication of cells.
Symptomatic anti-flu drugs
These drugs are prescribed to reduce, eliminate the individual symptoms of the disease. For example, appropriate means are used to alleviate the common cold, antipyretic agents are used to reduce the temperature, and so on. Overview of some drugs:
- Decatilen. Effectively eliminates infections of the oral cavity, pharynx, removes pain in the throat. It has a bactericidal and fungistatic effect. Tablets for colds and flu need to dissolve every 2 hours. Suitable for children and adults.
- Ferwex. A safe remedy that quickly relieves cold symptoms: sore throat, fever, congestion, swelling of the nose. It is recommended to take 4 times a day.
- Sinuforte. Symptomatic drug to restore nasal breathing, eliminate congestion. When using irritated mucous membrane of the nose, the sinuses are independently cleaned of pus and mucus.
Influenza preparations for children
Before consulting a doctor, children can be treated with symptomatic means, but antivirals can be given only after they are prescribed by a specialist. Names of popular medicines:
- Arbidol. Children's version is available in tablets. The tool has the ability to block influenza viruses, to launch enhanced production of interferon in the affected cells. Arbidol reduces the "contagion" of the disease to others, alleviates the symptoms, is the prevention of complications.
- Tamiflu. Used only for the treatment and prevention of influenza. There are many disputes about the appropriateness of use, so doctors are discharged only with complicated and progressive course of the disease. Contraindicated in children up to 12 months.
- Aspirin. Flu effervescent tablets dissolve in water, they are symptomatic. Only suitable for the treatment of children over 14 years old. Reception helps reduce fever, joint pain, eliminate weakness, lethargy.
Video: how to choose a cure for flu
Elena, 34 years old: The best remedy for the flu for me is rimantadine. Tablets are cheap, but even expensive drugs do not help the way they are. As a rule, I get sick in winter in the epidemic season and start to drink them when I have a sore throat. Packing is enough for several seasons. But for the child I always keep in stock the children's Arbidol - it is more easily tolerated.
Vera, 22 years old: I use Anvimax powder with lemon powder for the first time with the first flu symptoms. The active ingredient of the drug is rimantadine, it also contains loratadine, ascorbic acid. If Animax is sold in pharmacies, I can take any express flu medicine. It can be Fereks, Coldrex. They also help, but they are inferior to their beloved Animax.
Eugene, 42 years old: the son has grown up, but everyone does not like to take pills, even if he is very sick. The last time he fell ill with intestinal flu, I decided to give him Aspirin in pills. Surprisingly, he liked it! More importantly, the temperature quickly fell. After this time, if necessary, I give the magic remedy to the younger one, my husband - they drink it with pleasure.
Antiviral drugs for colds
Antiviral drugs for colds - the main tool in the fight against this category of ailments.
As you know, during the period of intensification of colds it is better to engage in their prevention, and not to bring to the states when treatment is already necessary.Activation of immunity in the cold season is the most effective measure to protect themselves from colds. Then the disease will not develop or, at least, the situation will not acquire a severe form.
If the disease has a viral nature - acute respiratory viral disease (ARVI) - then there is no treatment without treatment. And best of all in this case antiviral drugs deal with the problem. The essence of their actions - in the impact on the virus itself, which is the etiological factor.
Antiviral drugs used to treat SARS and influenza. These drugs affect the replication of the virus in such a way as to stop its reproduction. Antiviral drugs have a synthetic or natural basis. They are used both in the fight against the disease, and for its prevention. Different stages of a cold can be exposed to antiviral drugs. To date, modern science knows about five hundred pathogens of various types of colds. Antiviral drugs to combat them quite a bit.
Basically, viral diseases are treated with three types of drugs:
- broad spectrum flu drugs
- drugs for the treatment of herpes infections.
- agents to combat cytomegalovirus.
In the case of a severe form of the disease, antiviral drugs are taken, with mild interferon use acceptable. Within a day or one and a half after the first symptoms appear, it is urgent to begin taking an antiviral drug. If we allow the reproduction of the virus to such an extent that it populates the entire body, then it can be brought to the point that the medication will not have any effect.
The action of antiviral drugs for colds
With the help of antiviral drugs, the causes of the onset and development of acute respiratory disease are eliminated. The results of this action are:
- reducing the risk of exacerbations of chronic diseases (chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, etc.),
- Reducing the duration of a cold for a few days, alleviating its symptoms,
- reducing the risk that after suffering acute respiratory disease, severe complications will appear.
Antiviral drugs for colds are also used as emergency prophylaxis in the case when one of the family members is sick and you need to reduce the risk of infection of healthy people.
Antiviral tablets for colds
In a class where synthetic antiviral drugs are located that work well for the flu virus, there are two groups of effective drugs. The essence of the action of M-channel blockers in blocking the virus so that it cannot penetrate into the cells and multiply. One of the proven drugs against viruses of this category is “Amantadine” (“Midantan”), as well as “Rimantadine” (“Remantadine”). For the desired effect, their reception should begin as soon as the disease began to manifest itself. Another disadvantage is that it is not always possible to understand what kind of virus a person got sick with. And these antiviral drugs are shown in the epidemic of influenza virus A. In addition, avian and swine flu are resistant to them. It is important to remember that taking an antiviral drug for colds should be made not only by the patient himself, but also by all members of his family.
Effective antiviral for colds
But neuraminidase inhibitors act on influenza A and B viruses. The essence of their action is to suppress the enzyme that is responsible for the reproduction of the virus. Representatives of this group of drugs are Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir (Relenza). You can start taking them within two days from the initial manifestations of the disease.
Antiviral drug for colds "Zanamivir"
"Zanamivir" is prescribed for adults and children over 5 years of age with the flu by 5 mg inhalation twice a day for 5 days. The total daily dose reaches 10 mg.The drug is not combined with other inhaled drugs (including bronchodilators), due to the fact that exacerbations are possible in patients with bronchial asthma and other nonspecific lung diseases. A number of people without pulmonary pathology may experience signs of irritation of the nasopharynx, reaching in rare cases before the appearance of bronchospasm.
Antiviral drug for colds "Oseltamivir"
With influenza for adults and children over 12 years old, the recommended dose of oseltamivir is 75 mg 2 times a day for at least 5 days. "Oseltamivir" is prescribed to children over 1 year old - with a body weight of less than 15 kg in 30 mg, from 15 to 23 kg in 45 mg, from 23 to 40 kg in 60 mg, more than 40 kg in 75 mg twice a day for five days.
The drug is prescribed with caution in renal failure, it can cause nausea and vomiting when taken.
Antiviral drugs for colds of a wider spectrum of action - Ribavirin (Ribarin) and Inosine Pranobex (Groprinosin).
Antiviral drug for colds "Ribavirin"
Ribavirin acts on influenza A and B-group viruses, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, coronaviruses, rhinoviruses. A feature of the drug is its high toxicity, so it is used only if a respiratory syncytial infection is confirmed, which often leads to bronchiolitis in children.
Ribavirin is used to treat influenza in adults over 18 years of age (200 mg 3-4 times daily with meals for 5-7 days) in the absence of pregnancy, renal failure, and hemolytic anemia.
Antiviral drug for colds "Inosine pranobex"
"Inosine pranobex" fights against influenza viruses, parainfluenza, rhinoviruses, adenoviruses. This antiviral cold medicine stimulates the body's defenses. For the treatment of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections, it is recommended to take it: adults take 2 tablets 3-4 times a day at regular intervals for 5-7 days, children have a daily dose of 50 mg per kilogram of body weight.
The daily dose is taken in 3-4 doses at regular intervals. The duration of treatment is 5-7 days.
Interferons and interferon inductors
Another large group of antiviral drugs for colds is interferons and interferon inductors. Interferons are protein substances that the body synthesizes as a response to an infection, due to which the body is more resistant to viruses. They have a wide spectrum of action, which compares favorably with many other synthetic drugs. But some experts say that they are not very effective with ARVI. In case of colds, they are prescribed as nose drops and rectal suppositories. Native leukocyte interferon is instilled four to six times a day, Reaferon (interferon alpha-2a), two drops two to four times a day. Viferon (alpha-2b interferon) usually comes as a candle, adults usually use Viferon 3 and 4.
There are also interferon inductors. These are drugs that stimulate the body to produce its own interferons. Colds are treated with Tilorone (Amixin), Meglumine Acridone Acetate (Cycloferon) and a number of other antiviral drugs for colds.
Antiviral drug for colds "Amiksin"
For the treatment of influenza and acute respiratory infections "Amiksin" administered orally after a meal, two tablets of 0.125 g for adults and 0.06 g for children over 7 years old on the first day of illness and then 1 tablet every other day.
In the course of treatment - up to 6 tablets. Contraindicated in pregnant women and children under 7 years of age.
Antiviral drug for colds "Cycloferon"
"Cycloferon" is used to treat influenza and acute respiratory infections in the form of intramuscular injections at a dose of 250 mg (12.5% in 2 ml) two days in a row, then every other day or 1 tablet of 0.15 g every other day for 20 days.
Antiviral drug for colds "Kagocel"
Kagocel is an interferon inducer with direct antiviral and immunomodulatory effects.
It is usually prescribed for flu and acute respiratory infections in adults 2 tablets 3 times a day for the first two days (daily dose is 72 mg), then 1 tablet 3 times a day (daily dose of 36 mg). In total, the 4-day course accounts for up to 18 tablets.
Antiviral drug for colds "Arbidol"
Such an antiviral drug as "Arbidol" is effective in treating colds. It acts against viruses A, B, they are also treated with parainfluenza, syncytial infections, adenoviruses. The essence of the drug in stimulating the production of endogenous interferon, it has antioxidant effects, strengthens the immune system.
Arbidol for colds without complications is prescribed: children from 3 to 6 years old - 50 mg, from 6 to 12 years old - 100 mg, over 12 years old and adults - 200 mg 4 times a day (every 6 hours) for 5 days. With the development of complications (bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.), children from 3 to 6 years old take Arbidol 50 mg each, from 6 to 12 years old - 100 mg, over 12 years old, adults - 200 mg 4 times a day (every 6 hours ) for 5 days, then a single dose 1 time per week for a month.
Antiviral drug for colds "Amizon"
Antiviral for cold "Amizon" - is an inducer of endogenous interferon, has antiviral, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory action.
Adults take Amizon 2–4 times a day after eating with moderate flu and acute respiratory infections at 0.25 g, with severe - 0.5 g for 5–7 days, the course dose of treatment is 3–6.5 g Children aged 6–12 years drink 0.125 g 2–3 times a day for 5–7 days.
Antiviral drug for colds "Anaferon"
"Anaferon" refers to homeopathic remedies with antiviral and immunomodulatory effects. It is also used to treat colds and the flu. Dosing for adults: 1 tablet, sublingually from three times a day to six, depending on the severity of the disease.
Treatment begins at the first respiratory symptoms. After improving the condition, it is recommended to switch to taking the drug once a day, for 8-10 days. Children from six months to three years, one tablet dissolved in 15 ml of water and give to drink. For prophylaxis, Anaferon is administered one tablet once a day for one to three months.
Antiviral cold medicine "Grippferon"
"Grippferon" is an immunomodulatory, antiviral and anti-inflammatory drug for intranasal use. The duration of the course of application and the dose of the “Grippferon” preparation is usually determined by the treating doctor.
The recommended dose for children under 1 year is 500 IU (1 drop of the drug) 5 times a day, for children from 1 to 3 years it is 1000 IU (2 drops of “Grippferon”) 3-4 times a day, from 3 to 14 years is 1000 IU (2 drops of the drug "Grippferon") 4-5 times a day. The recommended dose for adults is 1500 IU (3 drops) 5-6 times a day. The duration of the course of application is 5 days.
Herbal antiviral drugs for colds
Some medicinal herbs also have antiviral effects. The action of many herbal preparations is directed against viruses belonging to the herpes family. Colds are often accompanied by herpes sores, in addition, the course of cytomegalovirus infection also often proceeds with the same symptoms as ARVI. This category of drugs includes "Alpizarin". The active ingredient in it is an extract of plants such as Alpine kopeck, yellowing kopeck, mango leaves. Antiviral drug "Flacozid" has in its composition the active substance, which is obtained from Amur velvet and Laval velvet.For topical use, ointment "Megosin" (cottonseed oil), "Helepin" (ground part of lespedets penny), "Gossipol" (obtained when processing cotton seeds or cotton roots) are used.
Altabor also belongs to antiviral drugs used for colds. It is based on the extract of seed crops of gray and black (sticky) alder.
Pike soddy and ground veinik give life to the Proteflazid, it is also used in the treatment of colds, flu and for their prevention. Antiviral and immunomodulatory effects have the German drug "Imupret." It consists of horsetail, walnut leaves and oak bark.
The price of antiviral drugs for colds
The run-up of prices for antiviral drugs for colds is quite wide - from 20 to 200 hryvnia (of course, it still depends on the packaging and the number of tablets). In any case, it is better to consult with your doctor, who will prescribe the drug, which in a particular case will be the most effective.
If you call the approximate prices for the main antiviral drugs used to treat colds, in pharmacies in Ukraine they are: “Amizon” - from UAH 20, “Arbidol” - from UAH 50, “Amixin” - from UAH 30, “Anaferon” - from 40 UAH, "Remantadin" - from 11 UAH, "Kagocel" from 70 UAH, "Viferon" - from 70 UAH - from 110 UAH.
Cheap antiviral drugs for colds
Inexpensive antiviral drugs for colds, which are often prescribed by doctors and commonly used - "Amizon", "Amiksin", "Anaferon". For 20-40 hryvnia, you can buy 10 tablets. But once again we pay attention: before making a decision on the purchase of an antiviral drug for colds, you should consult with your doctor.
With the help of antiviral drugs, it is not a consequence that is eliminated, but the cause of the common cold. This is a great advantage of antiviral drugs in the treatment of colds, this also explains their effectiveness. Antiviral drugs reduce the period of a cold by two to three days, facilitate its course. As a result of taking antiviral drugs for colds, the risk that other chronic diseases will worsen (exacerbation of bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and other diseases) will be exacerbated, and various complications will not arise, as is often the case with other drugs. In addition, antiviral drugs for colds provide an excellent effect in the prevention of SARS, flu, including among healthy family members when the patient is at home.
Antibiotic names for colds and flu
In the treatment of respiratory diseases, drugs of directed action are used, which affect the cause of the disease. They inhibit pathogens. This therapy is called etiological. In the fight against flu and colds, the most important thing is to choose the right drugs. Some people, seeking to recover quickly, begin to drink strong antibiotics for colds at the first symptoms of ARVI. Is it correct?
When it is necessary to drink antibiotics for colds and flu
In most cases, respiratory diseases are caused by viruses that are not affected by antibacterial drugs. Therefore, their reception from the first day of the disease is not justified. Therapy of respiratory diseases with antibiotics is justified, if on the 5-6th day of the flow of the flu or cold there is a consistently bad state of health of the person. As a rule, these are symptoms of a bacterial infection that provokes the development of purulent tonsillitis, acute bronchitis, pneumonia.
Signs of flu and cold complications:
- after the onset of ARVI, following improvement for 5-6 days, the body temperature rises sharply,
- general well-being deteriorates, fever, cough, shortness of breath appear,
- sore throat, chest, ears,
- lymph nodes increase.
When treating colds and flu with antibiotics, do not in any way interrupt the treatment while improving well-being. People who make such a mistake then suffer twice as much. In this case, the improvement of the human condition does not mean that the disease has passed. The party of bacteria under the influence of antibiotics has died, but the other part of them adapts to the drug and begins with a new force to attack the weakened organism. This leads to a new round of the disease with subsequent complications.
What antibiotics are best taken for colds
For the treatment of respiratory diseases take bactericidal drugs aimed at the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms. Antibiotics in the fight against colds and flu play the role of heavy artillery when there is a risk of acute complications. For the treatment of respiratory diseases, there are three main groups of antibacterial drugs:
- penicillin - ampioks, augmentin, amoxapclave,
- cephalosporins - cefotaxime, cefpirome, cefazolin,
- macrolides - roxithromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin.
List of effective antibiotics for adults
For colds of bacterial origin, doctors prescribe antibiotics in extreme cases. A prolonged cough, prolonged sore throat, high fever, and stable high body temperature are alarming signs of an acute illness. In this case, traditional antiviral drugs, immunostimulants, vitamins and medicinal herbs are powerless. For effective therapy, you need to know which antibiotic is better for adults with a cold:
The names of good products for children
For the treatment of bacterial diseases at an early age, antibiotics are used in extreme cases. With pneumonia, acute otitis, purulent tonsillitis, which is the result of a respiratory illness, the use of such drugs is justified. The form of antibiotics is prescribed depending on the age of the child. Infants - drugs injections, older children - in pills. The babies are not always given an injection, it is allowed to open the ampoule and give the child to drink the medicine in the right dosage. Children's antibiotics for colds:
- Flemoxine Solutab,
- Fromilid Uno
- alpha normix.
Often parents mistakenly believe that antibacterial therapy is necessary for the successful treatment of flu and colds in children. This is a misconception about the effects of antibiotics on the child's body. In viral infections in children, the use of these drugs is unreasonable, even at high temperatures, which persist for a long time.
Treatment of children with antibiotics leads to dysbiosis, weakening of the immune system, anemia. It is advisable to conduct antibacterial therapy for babies only in critical situations. For example, when there is an aerobic streptococcal angina, acute otitis media, pneumonia, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The use of antibiotics for the treatment of children with colds and flu without complications is justified by:
- pronounced signs of reduced body resistance - constant subferbtile body temperature, frequent colds and viral diseases, HIV, oncology, congenital immunity disorders,
- rickets, malformations of general development, lack of weight,
- history of chronic recurrent otitis media.
Sparing preparations for treating cold in pregnant women
When treating complications of respiratory disease in a woman in a position or a nursing mother, the effects of the antibiotic on fetal development are taken into account. For treatment select sparing antibacterial drugs. In order to choose a suitable medicine, the doctor identifies the causative agent of the disease, its resistance to various drugs.If it is impossible to conduct such a study, prescribed antibiotics for pregnant women are prescribed:
For the treatment of flu and colds in pregnant and lactating mothers, to avoid the occurrence of dysbiosis, it is advisable to take drugs in the form of injections. To avoid allergic reactions, the use of antibacterial therapy combined with antihistamines. Chocolate, citrus fruits, and coffee are excluded from the diet of pregnant and lactating women.
List of broad-spectrum antibiotics
When bacterial therapy for the treatment of complications of flu and colds prescribe drugs aimed at inhibiting groups of pathogens. Such drugs are called broad-spectrum antibiotics. They help cure complications of influenza and acute respiratory infections. Cheap pills are effective, as are expensive. These types of drugs are available over the counter in pharmacies. Before taking, read the instructions and read reviews about antibiotics. A good drug has a small amount of side effects. Broad-spectrum antibiotics:
List of inexpensive flu and cold medications
Almost every person suffers from a cold at least once a year. No matter how strong the human body is, it cannot be completely insured against viruses and infections, especially if the off-season or winter has come. Manufacturers to fight disease offer inexpensive cold and flu medicines. You need to know which ones are not just cheap, but also effective.
Antivirals are inexpensive but effective.
All flu and cold remedies fall into three broad categories:
- Antiviral. These drugs fight the virus, make the cells of the body more resistant to its effects.
- Immunomodulators. Preparations for the correction of protective reactions of the body to the natural level.
- For symptomatic treatment. The drugs in this group do not suppress the infection, but simply remove the symptoms of a cold or flu.
The most famous drugs in this category:
- Tamiflu, Oseltamivir. Adults and teenagers drink 1 tablet twice a day for five days. The drug is not recommended for those with diseased kidneys.
- "Amixin". Adults drink on the first day of illness two tablets of 125 mg each, and then - one by one every other day. The dosage of the child drug is reduced by half. The drug is forbidden to take pregnant.
- "Ribavirin". The drug is a new generation, very effective. Adults take 0.2 g four times a day. The course is 5 days.
Cheap good medicines for cold and flu of this category:
- "Cycloferon". The drug for adults and children who have already turned four years old. The course is 20 days, take on a tablet every other day.
- "Kagocel". This medicine can be combined with antibiotics. Adults drink two tablets three times the first two days, and then one at a time. "Kagocel" can not take pregnant for the first three months.
- "Anaferon". Homeopathic medicine. Adults drink one tablet 3-6 times a day.
For symptomatic treatment
The list of drugs that can remove signs of the disease:
- Coldact Plus. Capsules with paracetamol and excipients. They should be drunk on a piece every 12 hours. During treatment, it is necessary to absolutely refuse alcoholic beverages.
- Coldrex. Helps with cold with a wet cough. It is necessary to take one tablet 3-4 times a day. This drug should not be drunk if you have diabetes, liver or kidney failure.
- "Rinza". Tablets are taken 4 times a day. They can not be drunk pregnant, children under 15 years old, people with diseases of the heart, blood vessels. The course is 5 days.
- "Ferveks". The drug is produced in the form of bags of powder, which must be dissolved in warm water.Do not use "Ferveks" longer than three days. On the day you can not drink more than 4 packets.
In addition to tablets, there are many other drugs that effectively fight the disease. If you do not want to take antiviral drugs for colds and flu, drink complex remedies of symptomatic action, then you can try another treatment strategy. The decision must be made on the basis of the severity of the disease. There are plenty of inexpensive cold and flu medicines that will ease your condition.
For sore throat
To relieve inflammation and irritation will help you such drugs:
- "Grammeadin". High-speed lozenges with anesthetic. They should be taken two pieces 4 times a day, observing the weekly course.
- Strepsils. They relieve pain and have an antiseptic effect. Tablets need to dissolve one every three hours. To be treated with the drug is allowed for children over five years. Completely relieve sore throat for three or four days.
- "Faringosept." A powerful medicine that is forbidden to take children under six years. Tablets are recommended to dissolve after eating and then for some time do not drink liquids. During the day - no more than five pieces. The course of treatment is three days.
A runny nose will help you remove these drugs:
- "Sanorin". Possess vasoconstrictor action. Do not treat nasal congestion, but temporarily eliminate it. These drops can not be used for more than five days in a row. As part of a reduced concentration of vasoconstrictor substances and eucalyptus oil.
- "Pinosol". Medicinal drops with therapeutic effects. They slowly struggle with the causes of the common cold, but do not eliminate congestion.
- Aqua Maris. Means for moisturizing the nasal mucosa. It does not overdry the blood vessels, accelerates the healing process. Moisturizing drops are recommended to be sure to apply for any type of rhinitis.
- "Vibrocil". Antiviral drug. Drops remove not only a runny nose, but also its cause. Possess vasoconstrictor, antihistamine action, kill bacteria, relieve swelling.
Such medicines will quickly lower the temperature:
- "Paracetamol". A time-tested and inexpensive remedy that removes fever, relieves pain and inflammation. He has practically no side effects. Paracetamol is the main active component of many other drugs: Panadol, Vervex, Flucolde, Coldrex.
- Ibuprofen This medicine is rather anti-inflammatory, but it also lowers the temperature well. It can not be taken for those who have an ulcer, kidney disease or liver. Included in the "Nurofen", "Ibuklina."
- "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid). Antipyretic and analgesic. Cannot be taken by pregnant women, children under the age of 12, those with reduced blood clotting. It is the main component of a huge number of other antipyretic drugs.
This unpleasant symptom of cold will help to overcome such ointments:
- "Acyclovir". The most inexpensive tool. Fights the virus, does not allow it to multiply. If you are pregnant or feed the child, then do not use the drug. If you have herpes often, it is best to alternate "Acyclovir" with another antiseptic ointment or cream, so as not to cause addiction.
- Zovirax The cream contains propylene glycol, thanks to which the active substance penetrates the cells faster and more efficiently. Well absorbed into the skin. Zovirax should be used clearly according to the instructions.
- Fenistil Pentsivir. Very powerful medicine that eliminates herpes instantly. Does not allow wounds to become scars. The drug should not be used by pregnant, lactating mothers, children under 12.
- "Acestad" (analogue of ACC),
- "Doctor IOM".
Inexpensive drug analogues
If even the cheapest antiviral drugs are beyond your means, use Paracetamol, Aspirin or Ibuprofen. For symptomatic treatment, use local remedies: Naphthyzinum or Farmazolin nasal drops, Septifril pills for the treatment of sore throat, Cough medicine. It is also effective to gargle with Chlorophyllipt.
Medicines for the prevention of flu and colds
To protect against the disease, and not to cope with its manifestations, it is best to use drugs with immunomodulatory effects. The rules for prophylactic administration are described in the instructions for each of them. You can try the capsules "Broncho-munal", which is allowed to combine with almost all drugs. Such medications as Ribomunil, Immunal, Rimantadine, Arbidol, Amizon have a good preventive effect.
Video: Coldrex Home Colds
Olya, 27 years old: At the first symptoms of the flu, I always take some symptomatic medicine, for example, Rinza or Coldrex. It does not give the infection to "break up." Immunomodulators never drank because of the high price. And I try to treat the child with folk remedies, only I knock him down with Paracetamol. I trust more domestic drugs.
Lena, 35 years old: Now the pharmacy offers so many names of medicines for colds that it is difficult not to get lost. I try to use antipyretic drugs, for example, Aspirin or Paracetamol. If a cold begins, I use Pinosol. It helps well, though it does not pierce the nose. If a sore throat begins, I use Chlorophyllipt.
Tanya, 24 years old: I always have ARVI with fever and cough. I drink "Ferveks" in powders, and still buy "ACC". Thanks to this treatment, my illness goes away in three or four days. Last winter I saw Arbidol for prophylaxis, but I still got sick, so I don’t recognize medications for immunity correction. I am treated when the cold has already begun.
New flu and cold medicines
When a person has caught a cold and got an infection, he will certainly think about which of the modern drugs will help, what to take with the flu? Scientists are developing new tools, because viruses mutate each year, and more effective formulas are needed to combat them. The cure for flu and colds of the new generation - what are its features? Find out what makes these drugs different and what determines the effectiveness of means of dealing with various diseases.
Modern flu and cold remedies
Today, pharmacology does offer a wide range of new drugs. Their advantages are obvious: they have a wide range of actions, they have fewer side effects, it is convenient to use them for the patient at home, or you can even get yourself vaccinated so as not to get sick during an epidemic of ARVI. When choosing drugs, do not forget that not all advertised drugs are effective.
The price of drugs, the packaging of which is regularly flashed on the TV, includes the cost of these commercials. If we compare the instructions, there are inexpensive domestic analogues for almost all imported expensive drugs. So, "Coldrex" (price 150-240 p.) And "Ferveks" (315-590 p.) Contain paracetamol in the composition. Tablets "Paracetamol" can be purchased at the pharmacy for 3-5 p., And most doctors even consider them the safest medicine for ARD during pregnancy and lactation.
Effective cold medicine
The modern pharmaceutical industry produces cold remedies that work in two directions and complement each other. One group of drugs is helping to cope with the manifestations of the disease: a runny nose, cough, headache, fever, sore throat. Another drug segment exhibits an immunomodulatory and antibacterial effect.
Familiarize with examples of preparations which use at cold:
Group of drugs
Tablets "Acyclovir", "Amantadin."
Antibiotics (used as a last resort, when the body itself cannot cope with pathogenic bacteria).
Tablets and powders for injection "Ampicillin", "Levofloxacin".
Vitamin complexes, drugs based on medicinal herbs.
Antipyretic, facilitate body aches.
Tablets "Coldrex", "Paracetamol", "Rinza" powder in sachets "Theraflu", effervescent tablets "Solpadein."
Drugs to relieve cough.
Syrups "ACC", "Ambroxol", "Alteyka".
Vasoconstrictor for nose from a cold.
"Oxymetazoline", "Polydex with phenylephrine".
To soften the throat.
Sprays "Kameton", "Orasept", Ingalipt "" Chlorophyllip ".
When choosing children's antibacterial drugs, it is important to follow the recommendations of the doctor, not to self-medicate. You can be helped by:
- antibiotics "Amoxiclav", "Zinnat" "Supraks",
- for removing the heat - Panadol syrup, Paracetamol tablets,
- from the cold - spray "Otrivin" drops "Nazivin"
- as prevention - vitamin complexes "Alphabet", "Pikovit".
Modern flu drugs
What are the similarities and differences of flu drugs and colds of the new generation? For both illnesses, take medicines that relieve symptoms of the disease. When the flu is not prescribed antibiotics, because they are effective only to fight bacteria - common cold pathogens, and the virus strains do not act. Consider the pharmacological groups of modern antiviral drugs for influenza, depending on their mode of action.
Such antiviral drugs for influenza act directionally, preventing the multiplication of viruses. These include:
- "Oseltamivir" - the active substance oseltamivir phosphate inhibits (inhibits) neuraminidase - a key enzyme involved in the replication (reproduction) of influenza viruses, and violates their ability to penetrate into the cell.
- "Remantadin" - the active substance rimantadine hydrochloride is effective against influenza viruses A2 and B.
- "Arbidol" - umiferon, which is part of the capsules, has an immunostimulating effect.
Immunotropic antiviral drugs are interferons or their inducers (pathogens) that help the body's natural defense system fight the disease by destroying the virus in the initial stage of reproduction. They are effective for the first two days after the onset of flu symptoms. Check out the names and short descriptions of these drugs:
The effect of the application
Tocopherol, ascorbic acid
Stimulates the immune system, fights the virus.
Extract of the leaves of the rushy sea buckthorn
Antiviral effect, induces the production of interferon in blood cells.
Human interferon inducer inhibits the synthesis of proteins of viruses.
Prevents the penetration of the virus into the cell and the synthesis of virus proteins.
Suppresses the reproduction of influenza virus, anti-inflammatory effect.
A powerful immunomodulator, an effective antiviral drug, stimulates macrophages. It increases the body's resistance to the penetration of viruses, and when it enters the cell it blocks their reproduction. The mechanism of action is not directed against a specific type of virus, because this medicine is universal.
Strong immunomodulator, antiviral effect, effective against influenza and herpes.
Such anti-influenza drugs act on the mechanism of disease development, helping to fight infection and preventing the development of complications. These include:
Group of drugs
Antioxidants and vitamin-containing drugs
They have a prophylactic, antioxidant, angioprotective (capillary-protective) and immune strengthening effect.
Vitamins C and P (rutin)
Antioxidant vitamins A and E
Helps to relieve allergic reactions to drugs, have a quick sedative, antiemetic effect.
Histamine receptor blockers
Video about choosing the right medicine for flu
Albina, 26 years old: I have had a cold when I was a child, when the fever comes up, I have a headache, I take “Paracetamol” for 3-4 days. At one time I was led to advertising, saw Coldrex, Rinza soluble. After on one forum I read what the active substance is sold there at a fabulous price, I returned to a proven penny means.
Zoya, 32 years old: Before pregnancy, I often had a cold on my lips, and I was afraid that herpes would not manifest itself when carrying a child. The doctor attributed to me the anti-hermetic "Hyporamine". I immediately liked that it was vegetable based. I spent two months, the pills really helped.
Tatiana, 47 years old: Interferon was attributed to my child. I read the instructions for the ampoules, I was embarrassed that it was actually made from the blood of donors, and also a list of its side effects. Diluted medicine and dripped son in nose according to instructions. I did not notice a special result, I will not use it anymore.
Antiviral agents of quick action
A cold can overtake each of us when it is completely unacceptable to get sick. When you need to be as focused and full of strength as possible, suddenly begins to flow from the nose, sore throat. They are followed by sneezing, coughing, followed by weakness, high fever. In this situation, urgent action is required. A cold remedy for quick action will put you on time in time.
How to quickly cure a cold at home
The pledge of quick healing is the use of all necessary measures at the first alarming bell. If the disease has arisen for an obvious reason, due to lack of attention to immunity or hypothermia, and the symptoms are not a manifestation of the influenza virus, you can use the following tips for home treatment and quick-acting cold remedies.
- Measure the temperature. If the mark on the scale does not reach 38 degrees, then the antipyretic with a cold should not be drunk.
- Vitamin C. At the onset of the disease, a large dose of ascorbic acid will be an effective aid to the body for colds for a speedy recovery. The best option would be effervescent vitamin - quickly absorbed and warms. Five oranges a day will be a natural alternative to pills or capsules and help to cure cold.
- Drink plenty of water, tea, compotes, fruit drinks. They must be warm, it will help to remove toxins, which is important for colds.
- Sleep as much as possible. After drinking a warm drink and climbing under a blanket, wearing warm socks and clothes, sleep as much as possible. Sleep loss is an important part of a cure for a cold. It is better to comply with hospital bed rest. The room should be often ventilated.
- Keep warm. If the heat is not observed, then you can steam out the legs and take a hot shower.
- Take vitamins. Such support will be useful to the body for colds. It is best if he gets it from the fruit, but if this is not possible, they should be replaced with pills from the pharmacy.
- Medications for the treatment of colds. Suitable for fast-acting cold remedies, sold in the form of diluted teas, powders, which should be poured into hot water. During the day, it is permissible to use three or four such bags, but the course should not last more than three days. Cold powders with Paracetamol reduce the temperature, eliminate chills, and have an anti-inflammatory effect. In the treatment will help immunostimulating drugs. Antiviral drugs for cold and flu contribute to the destruction of infection. If the disease is delayed, go on antibiotic shots.
- Remedies for rhinitis, cough and sore throat.If the sky hurts, you can choose either lollipops or potions, rinses and sprays. With a cold, drops will help to cope, among which it is better to choose not powerful vasoconstrictor agents, but medicines that have herbs in their composition. A solution of sea salt will be useful for washing the nose. With colds, sputum is often not formed, so the usual cough stopping agents are enough. If the phlegm in the bronchi still appeared, you should apply removing it means.
- Fluid intake. Warm tea, compote or juice contribute to perspiration and recovery, while toxins are prevented that prevent the body from combating a cold. Plain water will not be the best means, and carbonated drinks will not help recovery. You should drink as much as you feel necessary without overpowering yourself.
- Vodka. Alcohol should be slightly warmed and grind their entire body. This tool will help to quickly remove the heat.
List of the best medicines for flu and cold of a new generation
Today recommend several classes of drugs:
- "Arbidol", "Oseltamivir", "Amiksin", "Viferon", "Otsillokoktinum", "Ingavirin", "Kagocel", "Anferon" (antiviral).
- Teraflu, Coldrex, Fervex, Antigrippin, Grippferon, Anvimax (antipyretic and relieving sore throat, flu and ARVI)
- "Acetylcysteine", "Ambroxol", "Bromhexin", "Carbotsistein" (expectorant)
- "Butamirate", "Glaucin", "Prenoxdiazine", "Levodropropizin" (means for dry cough).
- "Paracetamol", "Ibuprofen", "Aspirin" (antipyretics).
- Drops based on xylometazoline, naphazoline (vasoconstrictor in the common cold).
Lip Surprise Review
A common cold on the lips is often herpes - the Herpes Simplex virus, which is present in 95 percent of the world's population. Once in the body, it exists imperceptibly and "turns on" when the human body is weakened by hypothermia, lack of vitamins, nutrients or other diseases. There are many effective ointments to combat herpes. These funds should be applied to the affected areas of the cold lips several times a day, the course - no more than 5 days.
Do not use your fingers when applying funds due to the risk of transferring the virus to another location. Among the common names for cold ointments in the ranking of the best can be noted "Acyclovir", "Gerpferon", "Zovirax", "Gerpevir". The main active substance in them is acyclovir, which prevents the reproduction of the virus. There are thromantadine-based ointments, such as Viru Merz.
What antiviral drugs can take children
If a child has symptoms of ARVI and if for some reason the doctor is not available, measures should be taken to combat the illness in order to prevent complications. If, after having tried all simple means, the disease does not recede, you will have to resort to antiviral drugs, but only those that are specifically designed for children. Tamiflu, Remantadin, Relenza, Amantadine are considered acceptable.
If bronchitis occurs in infants, then Ribavirin will help, and if the child’s body is weak or there are heart problems, Shinagis will be the best choice. "Tamiflu" is valid for use by children ages one year, the pills for flu "Arbidol" can be given from the age of three. “Interferon” is used for solution at any age, as well as homeopathic medicines, such as “Aflubin”, “Anaferon”, “Otsillokokcinum”. Paracetamol or Nurofen and Ibuprofen syrups are suitable for lowering body temperature.
Effective folk remedies and herbs
- Blackberry tea. Grind dried blackberry leaves (1 tbsp.), Pour boiling water, strain in a couple of hours. Drink 30 minutes before eating. A good remedy for cough.
- Herbs (cough drops).One tablespoon of leaves of wild strawberries, raspberries, three tablespoons of blackberry leaves, dry chopped tricolor violets (1 tsp). All this needs to be mixed, a tablespoon of the composition used in a glass of boiling water, let it stand for half an hour in a closed form, drain. Reception: a couple of times a day for a glass.
- Potatoes. This vegetable will help bring down the temperature. Grate two raw potatoes in a grater, mix with a tablespoon of vinegar (apple). Use the mixture to make compresses on the forehead.
- Kalina and honey. Soft remedy for colds and rhinitis. Mix one tablespoon of viburnum juice and honey, take half an hour before meals.
- Nettle, sage and lemongrass. Herbal collection is good for colds and flu. Mix dry crushed nettle leaves (3 tablespoons), as many shoots of Schisandra Chinese and sage (1 tablespoons). A teaspoon of the composition pour a glass of boiling water, strain a couple of hours. Reception: one glass in the morning and evening. If desired, you can add honey.
What means inexpensive and effective for the prevention of colds
Very often, a cold in an adult occurs as a result of a weakened immune system. Exposure to external factors, poor diet, lack of vitamins can lead to loss of effectiveness of the immune system and increase the likelihood of infections entering the body. To avoid this, you can use interferon inductors. They will ensure the production of natural protection by the body, which will allow it to successfully resist a cold. This type of drugs include:
The body needs vitamins. For the prevention of colds help "Vetoron", "Gerimaks", "Aevit". Drugs that help to cope with the effects of the environment - adaptogens - include extracts of Schizandra, Eleutherococcus, Leuzea. Immunomodulatory, such as "Bioaron C", "Immunal" "Likopid", will help to restore the power of immunity, will be useful for the prevention of colds and flu.
Antiviral drugs used to prevent colds, will help give the body more strength in the fight against pathogens. The best are considered "Grippferon", "Viferon", "Arbidol", "Amiksin". Do not forget about honey, vitamin C - they will not allow the development of a cold. Echinacea is a cheap, simple remedy. Rest more, give up cigarettes and do not forget about the seasonal intake of vitamins.
Medicine for cold and flu: list and classification of drugs
If you start treatment for a cold or flu in a timely manner, then you will be able to completely get rid of the disease in 4-7 days. In the case of the development of complications on the background of a postponed acute respiratory or viral disease, one cannot do without medical help.
If you are not in a hurry to visit the attending specialist if you have primary symptoms of a cold and prefer to choose pharmacological drugs yourself, approach this with all responsibility. Specialists all drugs against flu and colds are divided into several categories. The list of these drugs by group classification is as follows:
- immunostimulating agents
- antiviral pharmacological agents,
- symptomatic drugs
- interferon producing agents.
Immunostimulating pharmacological agents are mainly fortified drugs that have a strengthening effect on the immune system. During a cold disease, you can take all known vitamin C.
The action of antiviral drugs is aimed at eliminating the causes of the development of flu or the common cold. Before taking any drug that has an antiviral effect, you should consult with your doctor.
Effective against the flu, in particular, with viruses type A and B, are neuraminidase inhibitors.Such pharmacological drugs eliminate the cause of the disease, as well as its symptoms and significantly reduce the risk of developing complications. The group of these drugs include:
However, it is possible to take such substances only after consulting a specialist, as they have side effects and a number of contraindications. So, for example, Oseltamivir should not be taken by people suffering from impaired kidney function. A "Zanamivir" is contraindicated in patients with asthmatic pathologies.
Another group of drugs, called the M2 viral-type protein blockers, has gained much popularity in the fight against colds and flu. These drugs should include:
Most of these pharmaceuticals cope with viruses of group A, but today there are many resistant viral strains. Another group is drugs that cause the production of interferon. These include:
If you need pills for the prevention of flu and colds, then the above list of pharmacological drugs can be taken as a basis. They have an excellent preventive and curative effect. As it is known, when pathogenic microbes enter the body, active production of interferon begins. It is this protein that inhibits the activity of viruses. The above pharmaceuticals enhance the production of natural interferon and are well combined with antiviral substances.
If a cold is accompanied by accompanying symptoms, for example, a runny nose, cough, sore throat, etc., then medicines that are prescribed to treat the symptoms of the ailment will come to the rescue. Treatment specialists recommend a number of drugs, in particular:
- antipyretic drugs - for example, Aspirin, Paracetamol or Ibuprofen,
- nasal drops that have a vasoconstrictive effect, containing naphazoline, xylometazoline,
- resorption drugs prescribed for complications of the airways,
- antitussive drugs - “Glaucin”, “Prenoxdiazine”, and also “Dextromethorphan”,
- drugs that have an expectorant effect, such as Ambroxol, Acetylcysteine, Bromhexin, etc.
Despite the fact that most pharmacological drugs of antiviral and anti-cold type are dispensed over-the-counter, there is still no need to self-medicate. Any cold can lead to the development of complicated consequences, so entrust your health to the attending specialist. It is the competent doctor who can prescribe effective medicines for the flu and cold. The list of such drugs may differ depending on the form of the disease and the reasons for its development.
In pharmacies, you can find cheap drugs for the flu, which are aimed at combating viral infections and colds. As a rule, pharmaceuticals are distinguished not only by their component composition, but also by price category.
Many people try to find cheap flu and cold medications. The list of inexpensive effective drugs is divided into several groups depending on the symptoms shown. So, to reduce body temperature, you can take:
- "Mefenamic acid",
- "Acetylsalicylic acid",
Complex drugs are considered "Mefenamic acid" and "Ibuprofen." They have antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and analgesic effects.
As immunostimulating agents can be taken:
With the appearance of pain in the throat, you can use the following pharmaceutical agents:
For topical use in the fight against colds, many of us use:
- balm "Star",
- mustard packs.
To eliminate nasal congestion in the pharmacy, nasal drops can be purchased, in particular:
Preparations for the prevention of colds
Many of us prefer to prevent a viral illness or a cold than to treat such an ailment later. In this regard, a completely logical question arises: what kind of drugs for the prevention of flu and colds can be taken. The list of the group of agents that are indicators of interferon is presented below:
To replenish the vitamin reserve, you can use the following complex medicines:
To maintain the body's defenses, doctors advise taking the following remedies:
- "Lemongrass tincture",
- "Extract of Eleutherococcus",
- "Likopid" and others.
Of course, you can choose your own remedy for the treatment of a cold or flu, but it is best to entrust it to the attending specialist. Today, in pharmacies you can find the right drugs for both efficacy and price category. You should not save on health, it should be protected and carefully take care of it. Remember that it is easier to prevent a cold or flu than to treat it. Be healthy!
Main symptoms of flu:
- The first sign that a person has the flu is a high body temperature. It can rise to 39 or 40 degrees. A high temperature indicates that a virus has infected the body.
- As a rule, the patient begins to hurt the muscles and aching bones.
- A person begins to weaken.
The body fights the virus, so the body temperature rises. But the general condition of the patient greatly deteriorates. He can't get out of bed. Flu can be accompanied by headache, dryness and cough. This disease has similar symptoms with a cold. In order to know how to distinguish flu from colds, it should be remembered that the first disease may be different. How the virus infected the human body, such symptoms of the disease and will be visible. For example, there are cases when only one sign appears. For example, it may be an increased body temperature. She can stay for several days without showing other symptoms. And in some cases, there is a whole set of complications.
The main signs of a cold:
The common cold is a disease of the body associated with hypothermia.. It is usually easily treated. But when running forms can go to other more serious diseases. That is, the flu is sharply manifested in the human body, and the common cold usually begins with a slight indisposition.
- The defeat of the nasal mucosa. The man begins to sneeze, runny nose and swelling appear.
- With a cold, there is a cough. Sputum and mucus appear in the airways.
- When a person has a cold, the body temperature rises to 38 degrees and higher. This is a normal immune response to infections that hit the body.
Usually, a cold begins with a small cold. Then the temperature rises, then the cough begins. All processes occur gradually. Cough usually present a couple of days. Then all the symptoms go away. As a rule, after a week a person is fully restored and returns to a normal lifestyle. Here's how to distinguish flu from a cold.
First aid for the flu - do not interfere with their immunity
In the early days of the onset of flu and cold symptoms, it is best to do the following:
- Drink vitamin c, immediately 5 tablets, then 2 each during the course of the disease
- Take 1-2 tablets that stimulate the processes of immunity
- Drink before bedtime vitamin soothing infusion: 100 g of red wine, strong black tea, raspberry jam is mixed and taken inside. There should be warm socks on your feet.
- Warm foot bath, after which wear warm socks with mustard and go to bed.
- Rest - rash. It is recommended to stay at home for at least 5 days. If the disease is not tolerated in bed, then chronic diseases can develop.
- Avoid stressful situations.
- Frequent use of warm fluid. Preferably fruit drinks, vitamin teas. Acidic environment adversely affects harmful microorganisms.
- Meals should be easy to digest., but at the same time nutritious.
Take care of your health! Strengthen immunity!
Immunity is a natural reaction that protects our body from bacteria, viruses, etc. To enhance the tone, it is better to use natural adaptogens.
It is very important to maintain and strengthen the body not only by the absence of stress, good sleep, nutrition and vitamins, but also with the help of natural herbal remedies.
What you need to know when choosing a cold medicine
Before you buy medicine for colds and flu, you should be sure of its safety and effectiveness. It should be an official remedy with proven therapeutic effect.
A large number of widely publicized dietary supplements and low-quality generics of well-known medicines with an allegedly strong antiviral effect have recently appeared on the shelves of pharmacies. Acceptance of such drugs will not only not have the desired therapeutic effect, but may also lead to the development of adverse complications. Therefore, of course, it is better to entrust the choice of medication to the doctor, but if such an opportunity does not seem, you should choose only a proven and high-quality drug, not charging for cheap fakes.
As a rule, effective cold remedies are expensive, but there are a number of drugs with the same active ingredient at a more affordable price. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about this.
All cold and flu drugs can be divided into three broad groups, each of which has a specific effect on the body, helping to overcome the disease:
- Medicines treating symptoms. This is the most extensive category of drugs that helps to cope with the manifestations of colds (cough, fever, headache, nasal congestion, etc.). They do not eliminate the cause of the disease, but greatly facilitate its course.
- Antiviral drugs - are used if the disease is caused by a virus. Drugs fight directly against the virus, inhibit the development of the disease and increase the resistance of cells to the effects of pathogens.
- Immunomodulatory agents. Medicines adjust and strengthen the body's defenses to fight infection.
The most popular are antiviral drugs and immunomodulators, which, according to advertising, quickly eliminate the disease and are an excellent preventive measure against flu and the common cold. But most of the drugs used in this group are used only 10-15 years, so doctors do not undertake to judge the possible complications in the future from taking such drugs. Such antiviral drugs and immunomodulators have a lot of side effects and therefore should be used with caution, especially in certain categories of people - the elderly, children, pregnant and lactating women, people, especially those with serious concomitant diseases.
Eliminate the cause: antiviral drugs
Antiviral drugs are the most effective drugs for colds and flu, because they suppress the cause of the disease - the virus, weaken its manifestations and prevent them from multiplying. A universal remedy that suppresses all types of viruses and influenza strains has not yet been developed, but at the moment most antiviral drugs are able to cope with influenza A and B viruses.
The list of available, inexpensive and effective antiviral drugs for influenza virus strains A and B:
|Rimantadine (tablets, syrup for children)||Inexpensive drug aimed at suppressing influenza A virus. Efficacy against viral infections has been clinically confirmed. It helps to quickly remove inflammation, relieves symptoms, reduces the risk of complications by 5-6 times.||From 50 rub. (pills)|
|Ribavirin (trade names - Rebetol, Arviron, Ribamidil, Virazole)||Designed for the prevention and treatment of influenza A and B strains. Reduces the duration of the disease. Has a number of side effects: nausea, loss of appetite, dizziness, difficulty breathing.||130-250 rub.|
|Arbidol (capsules)||Suppresses the effect of ARVI pathogens, strains of influenza B and A, improves the immune system. It is used to prevent flu and colds, and for their treatment.|
Patients mark the occurrence of a number of side effects when using the drug. Reviews of the antiviral effect of Arbidol are contradictory (some patients confirm the effect of the medicine, and some consider it useless).
|180-450 (depending on the number of capsules)|
|Tamiflu||Swiss medicine that can suppress the action of strains A and B (useless for ARVI). The drug is quite toxic and can cause side effects similar to the symptoms of influenza. Not effective as a prophylactic.||1200-1350 rub.|
|Ingavirin||The drug quickly reduces the manifestations of flu and colds, reduces the duration of the disease. Effective against viruses strains A and B, respiratory and adenoviral infections, parainfluenza. It has a minimum of contraindications.||380-420 rub.|
Not bad homeopathic remedies have proven themselves in the fight against viruses: Oscillococcinum, Vibrucol, Aflubin, Influenza Gel, Ergoferon. They do not have an immediate effect like other antiviral drugs, but in long-term therapy they effectively suppress viruses and reduce symptoms of the disease. Their advantage is the safety of use and the absence of side effects, which makes them attractive for such categories as children, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly.
Important!Antiviral drugs are effective if you start taking them when the first symptoms of the disease occur. After 3-5 days of illness, medications will not bring the expected therapeutic effect.
The most effective antiviral drug is considered to be a cure for the flu and cold of a new generation based on neuraminidase inhibitors - Oseltamivir (tablets) and Zanamivir (powder for inhalation). Medicines quickly stop cold symptoms, cope with strains of influenza B and A, have proven themselves as a preventive measure. The only drawback of such drugs is the high price: Oseltamivir will cost from 650 rubles. per package, Zanamivir - from 1039 rubles. (5 mg).
The photo pills “Oseltamivir” is a cure for the flu and cold of a new generation based on neuraminidase inhibitors. In the photo powder for inhalation “Zanamivir” (Relenza) is a cure for the flu and cold of a new generation based on neuraminidase inhibitors.
We fight disease: immunomodulators and interferons
Immunomodulatory agents and interferons destroy the causative agent, while preserving the cells of the body, prevent the spread of infection. In combination with anti-inflammatory drugs, they enhance the effect of the latter, which allows you to quickly cope with the flu and cold, rhinitis.
Interferons for flu and cold
Drugs act on the basis of interferon inducers - stimulate the production of certain types of proteins in the human body, which contribute to the suppression of infectious agents of the flu virus and the common cold.
Interferons - stimulate the production in the human body of certain types of proteins that counteract viruses.
The most effective and inexpensive anti-cold and anti-flu drugs:
- Amiksin (from 600 rubles) - a powerful tool for raising immunity and in the fight against viruses. It is not toxic and well tolerated by patients. Contraindicated in children under 7 years of age and pregnant women.
- Viferon (250-800 rubles) - is produced in the form of candles, for this reason it is often prescribed for children, starting from the first years of life. The drug is well tolerated and has some contraindications. Effective against flu and viral colds.
- Cycloferon (from 180 rub.). Effective in the treatment of SARS, herpes and flu, is available in the form of ointment, solution for injection, tablets. Allowed to receive from the age of four. Of the side effects, only minor allergic reactions were noted.
- Anaferon adult and anaferon children (from 200 rubles). Tablets with immunostimulating and antiviral effect. Reduce the risk of complications, quickly eliminate the symptoms of flu and colds. Not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.
- Inferon and Grippferon (from 260 rubles.). Available in the form of nasal drops. Interfere with reproduction of influenza viruses penetrating by airborne droplets, and activate immunity. Differ in relative safety, are allowed to pregnant women and children.
Among the immunomodulators, there are drugs that should be used only as prescribed by an immunologist (Imudon, IRS-19, Immunal, Methyluracil). Such drugs are not allowed to use alone in the treatment of viral diseases.
Eliminate flu symptoms: symptomatic medications
Preparations for the treatment of flu and cold symptoms are an excellent complement to the main medicines for flu and colds. They do not stimulate immune cells and cannot fight viruses, but quickly eliminate respiratory and toxic effects.
These include drugs with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, vasoconstrictor, antitussive, tonic effect.
Drugs for sore throat
Irritation, sore throat and inflammation in the throat help eliminate lozenges, lozenges and sprays, including those based on menthol and freezing effects.
Drugs for sore throat
What drugs are most effective:
From nasal congestion and runny nose
Treatment of flu and colds is not complete without nasal drops - the preparations help relieve swelling in the nose, eliminate inflammation, and make breathing easier.
Nasal drops - relieve swelling in the nose, facilitate breathing
The most popular drugs for stuffy nose:
Additionally, the doctor may recommend the use of antihistamines to help cope with itching, swelling of the mucous membranes, inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx (Chlorphenamine, Pheniramine).
Medicines for children from the flu and colds
Children's age often turns out to be a contraindication to most flu and cold medicines. Therefore, before stuffing the child with medication, you should visit the doctor - if the disease is insignificant, the pediatrician will most likely advise you to do without medical treatment, limiting yourself to the regimen and using popular methods.
Before starting treatment for a child, you should consult a doctor.
If the disease is caused by viruses, the treatment will be based on the use of antiviral drugs:
Children's drugs based on paracetamol or ibuprofen - Panadol, Nurofen, Ibuprofen - will help with the heat. Dr. Mohm (pastilles) and Gedelix syrup will help with coughing, while Pinosol and Vibrocil will eliminate nasal congestion.
What should be in the first-aid kit for colds and flu
A wide variety of cold and flu drugs provides the buyer with a wide selection of drugs.Do not chase after the advertised means, it suffices to dwell on the most necessary and proven effective drugs that will help provide first aid for colds, viral diseases of strains of influenza A and B.
Rating of drugs for colds and flu (which should be at hand):
|Scope of application||Names of effective drugs||Analogues of expensive cold medicine|
|For the prevention of disease||Kagocel, Grippferon, Anaferon children||Echinacea tincture, oxolinic ointment|
|For quick relief of cold symptoms||Viferon, Rinza, Coldrex||Maxicold, Fleu Asterisk|
|To combat the virus||Oscillococcinum, Vibrocol, Aflubin||Ibuprofen, rimantadine|
|Antipyretic||Panadol for children, Nurofen, Nise||Paracetamol, acetylsalicylic acid|
|Vasoconstrictor||Noksprey, Vibrocil, Otrivin||Naphthyzinum, Rinorus, Galazolin|
|For sore throat||Grammydin, Faringosept, Strepsils||Chlorophyllipt, calendula solution (for rinsing)|
|From cough||Lasolvan, Herbion, Doctor IOM||Pertussin, licorice root, Mukaltin, Ambroxol|
It is believed that the simplest way to quickly regain health is taking medicines, and according to the principle “the more - the better.” Doctors warn that this approach is wrong: the body has a certain set of immune and protective forces, which is depleted from constant medication. Therefore, you should not uncontrollably absorb all flu and cold medications, but rather consult a doctor who will advise one or two medications that are effective in your case, or even simply give recommendations on how to cure the disease without medication, folk remedies, at home. .
In the video, the pharmacist understands how to treat a cold.
The photo shows examples of drugs in the treatment of acute respiratory infections and SARS.