Causes of oxalate stones: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Oxalaturia is the process of the appearance of crystals from calcium oxalate and ammonium oxalate salts. The appearance of pathology provoke violations of the diet and the chemical composition of water. If the patient’s immunity is impaired, he has overly concentrated urine — the crystals in the kidney cups are transformed into oxalate stones.

What do oxalate kidney stones look like?

These are formations of an indefinite form of dark brown or black with spikes. They are very hard, have an uneven surface, and therefore often cause bleeding due to damage to the tissues of the urinary system. If oxalate was the culprit for numerous bleeding, it has a dark shade. Light stones did not damage the tissue.

The size range of oxalate is from several millimeters to 4 centimeters or more.

With the development of pyelonephritis or with reduced fluid intake, oxalates are transformed into coral-like formations that occupy the entire cavity of the kidney.

A layered oxalate is obtained by mixing inorganic calcium salts with other inorganic minerals.

General information

Oxalaturia is a condition in which an excess amount of oxalic acid is excreted in the urine.

Calcium oxalate, or, as they are also called, hyperoxaluria, which manifests itself over a long period, indicates a pathological process occurring in the body and requires an analysis of the causes of the appearance and immediate intervention.

Causes and main factors of manifestation

Secondary or acquired disease occurs due to:

  • excessive consumption of vegetables and fruits rich in oxalic acid salts,
  • consumption of foods low in calcium,
  • drinking water saturated with lime salts,
  • pyelonephritis, diabetes mellitus, chronic inflamed or delayed blood circulation in the kidneys,
  • ethylene glycol poisoning, which is part of the brake fluid, antifreeze,
  • imbalance of vitamin D or A in the body,
  • lack of sunlight,
  • disorders of urine outflow or the presence of congenital malformations that contribute to the stagnation of urine,
  • injuries or foreign bodies, as well as pathologies that provoke spasms of the ureter.

Under the influence of hot climate and high humidity, the concentration of salts in the urine increases, as a result, stones are formed in the kidneys.

Types, sizes and shape of cokrementov

At the initial stage of formation, oxalates have a light color like crystals, but subsequently the spinous processes scratch the surrounding tissues, the released blood stains them, the stones become dark brown or black.

The layered structure of calculus prevails when the particles are interconnected. In general, oxalate sizes range from a few millimeters to 5 centimeters.

In the absence of proper treatment there is a threat of stone growth, it reaches an even larger size and is able to occupy the entire cavity of the kidney.

Problem Indication Symptoms

Adult patients exhibit the following symptoms of oxalate stones:

  • nagging, dull pains in the abdomen and lumbar region radiating to the groin,
  • hematuria - change in the color of urine, the predominance of a red tint in it,
  • colic, pain when urinating,
  • cold sweat,
  • nausea, vomiting
  • disturbed urination.

In children up to 6 years old, the “oxalic diathesis” practically does not manifest itself, and it is possible to detect the disease only after taking tests or prophylactic examination. Already at school age, children can feel:

  • pain in the abdomen and lower lumbar region,
  • recurrent kidney colic,
  • frequent urination,
  • lethargy, fatigue, mood swings.

Diagnosis of the disease

The simplest method of detecting urolithiasis is urinalysis.

The study will confirm or disprove the presence of stones, provide information about their chemical composition. The following effective diagnostic methods are currently used:

The formation of stones is indicated by an increased level of red blood cells, white blood cells, and cylinders.

Based on the data presented, he will receive a general symptomatic picture, which is necessary for the appointment of an effective treatment.

Therapy methods

The treatment includes a whole range of measures aimed at reducing the diameter of oxalate stones, as well as preventing their re-formation. The patient must comply with the following requirements:

  • take medications
  • organize a therapeutic diet
  • to do what you can,
  • take herbal teas and decoctions,
  • observe the correct drinking regime
  • neutralize the factors that provoke the formation of stones.

Drug treatment

Combined therapy includes the following groups of drugs:

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • dissolving and deducing formations,
  • antimicrobial,
  • antibiotics and sulfonamides if infection is present.

The most effective and common drugs are the following:

  • Blamaren - has a solvent effect, maintains normal urine acidity,
  • vitamins A, E - normalize metabolism,
  • Vitamin B6 - prevents the formation of oxalates,
  • Cystone, Fitolizin, Kanefron - remove uric acid from the body,
  • No-spa, Baralgin - anesthetize.

Upon detection of large oxalate stones, it is unacceptable to make a decision on the admission of decoctions of medicinal herbs.

Teas and decoctions are appointed only after crushing and grinding formations.

Stone crushing

Lithotripsy or crushing of stones is prescribed to patients in whom large lesions are found that are unable to emerge on their own. The procedure is carried out without surgery.

It is carried out through a special tool that emits short energy impulses that destroy the stones. The remaining particles are able to exit naturally.

The method has the following advantages:

  • safety, complications are practically absent,
  • short period of rehabilitation,
  • availability, cheap compared to other operations,
  • does not provoke pain after the procedure.

Surgical intervention

It is prescribed if the size of the oxalic calculus reaches the size of more than 5 cm. It is indicated for patients in the presence of pathological processes:

  • obstruction of the ureter,
  • acute renal failure
  • unbearable pain
  • purulent inflammation in the kidney or at the request of the patient.

There are the following types of surgery.

Lithotripsy

After exposure to ultrasound, calculus particles are expelled through a catheter or ureter.

The procedure is performed without an incision through the skin; therefore, it is the least traumatic, there is no risk of infection. It is carried out in the presence of formations up to 2 cm.

The operation cannot be performed in the following cases:

  • problems with blood clotting,
  • excessive body weight, more than 130 kg,
  • high (over 2 m) or, conversely, low (less than 1 m) height,
  • problems of the musculoskeletal system,
  • pregnancy.

Endoscopy

Removal is done through an endoscope inserted through the urethra, bladder, ureter, or kidney. The operation is shown with the inefficiency of the previous method, with the presence of "stone paths" or with a long stay of the stone within the ureter.

The procedure is carried out in the presence of stones up to 2 cm, and for its implementation is important the competence of a specialist.

Open operation

Removal of salt deposits is carried out through an incision affecting the kidney tissue. In modern medicine, the operation is shown extremely rarely, mainly in the presence of large stones, purulent inflammations or persistent relapses. The success of the operation depends on the location of the formations. It involves the use of anesthesia.

It is based on the removal of a part of the kidney and is carried out in the latter stages of the disease in order to preserve the functionality of the organ. As a result of surgery, a kidney area with multiple multi-nodal stones is removed.

Diet for ailment

Patients are advised to pay attention to the following products, which should be present in the daily diet:

  • potatoes,
  • beans,
  • eggplants,
  • cauliflower,
  • apples,
  • grapes
  • prunes,
  • bananas
  • apricots,
  • cereals,
  • dairy products,
  • lean fish

It is strictly forbidden to use:

  • leafy greens
  • chocolate or cocoa
  • beets, celery, sorrel,
  • spices,
  • jelly and marinades,
  • fatty broths,
  • smoked meat

In limited quantities you can:

Preventive measures

Simple rules will help to maintain the health of the kidneys and excellent health for a long time. What do you need to do? So this:

  • engage in physical therapy, lead a healthy and active lifestyle,
  • eat right,
  • organize a normal drinking regime
  • Do not overcool the body, especially the kidneys.

The timely detection of oxalates is the key to effective treatment, so do not neglect the periodic consultation of a highly qualified specialist.

What are oxalate stones?

Oxalate stones are conglomerates, the main component of which is oxalic acid or its salts. They act as toxic substances for the body, resulting in their prolonged circulation in the urinary system leads to the development of structural and functional damage.

About 89% of all cases of urolithiasis are associated with the formation of oxalates in the kidneys.

Groups of patients with the highest risk of developing the disease:

  • people with gout,
  • diabetics (1st and 2nd types),
  • persons with connective tissue diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis).

Oxalates have a crystalline structure and are formed by combining many of the smallest crystals into larger ones. That is why they have very sharp and uneven edges, and also often injure the walls of internal organs. Oxalates are colored yellow, light brown or brown. There can be stones of various sizes:

  • smallest (up to 1 mm),
  • small (1–5 mm),
  • medium (5 mm-2 cm),
  • large (2–6 cm),
  • giant (more than 7 cm).

Why do kidney stones occur?

There are several possible reasons for the growth and development of pathological conglomerates:

  1. Hereditary predisposition It is believed that a patient whose parents suffered from such a disease is more likely to acquire a similar ailment from an early age. Mutation can be inherited from generation to generation.
  2. Wrong diet. Excess salt of oxalic acid from food leads to the formation of conglomerates in the renal tissue.
  3. Insufficient physical activity. A sedentary lifestyle contributes to the development of venous stasis in the pelvic area, resulting in an increased likelihood of oxalate formation.

The main symptomatic manifestations of the disease

For urolithiasis is characterized by a combination of common and local clinical signs. They can be caused by the body's reaction to stress. In 90% of cases, the pathology develops abruptly and is accompanied by an attack of renal colic, which is provoked by excessive physical activity, traumatic damage to the back, psycho-emotional stress, and abundant intake of water or food. Local manifestations of the disease include:

  • pain on palpation of the lumbar region,
  • increase in local temperature
  • changing urine characteristics (clouding),
  • urination disorders
  • swelling in the upper half of the face and torso, on the legs,
  • stitching, paroxysmal pain in the lower back.

Common clinical symptoms include:

  • increase in blood pressure and periodic hypertensive crises,
  • bruising under the eyes
  • swelling and redness of the conjunctiva,
  • headaches, dizziness,
  • periodic loss of consciousness
  • loss of appetite
  • increase in body temperature up to 38 degrees
  • reduced performance and resistance to physical stress.

How is the diagnosis made?

If you experience unpleasant sensations in the lumbar region, you should contact your urologist or nephrologist soon. Differentiate urolithiasis has the following ailments:

  • cystitis,
  • pyelonephritis,
  • lumbar osteochondrosis,
  • pinching of the nerve trunks,
  • intervertebral hernia,
  • glomerulonephritis.

To clarify the location of the lesion, the doctor places his hand on the lower part of the patient’s rib arc at the back and makes several strokes on it. Increased discomfort indicates the location of the stone on the right or left. To determine the type of oxalates and their sizes, laboratory and instrumental studies are used.

In some cases, an improperly collected urine sample can significantly change the structure of the diagnosis. In my practice there was a woman who donated urine during the menstruation period, as a result of which a large number of red blood cells (red blood cells) were observed in the biological material. On the basis of the data obtained, the laboratory researchers concluded that the patient was ill with pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys) and transmitted this information to the attending physician. The urologist appointed the victim several strong antibiotics that did not help her get rid of pain in the lumbar region, but contributed to the development of massive dysbacteriosis of the gastrointestinal tract. Due to the low activity of immunity, the woman became ill with the flu, against the background of which she had an acute attack of renal colic. After emergency surgery, it turned out that the patient had suffered from urolithiasis for a long time. That is why doctors recommend to follow the rules of testing, to avoid unpleasant situations.

Methods for the diagnosis of oxalate kidney stones:

  • urinalysis shows an increase in the density of urine, its turbidity and the formation of crystals at the bottom,
  • a special test for the detection of oxalates in one portion reveals a sharp increase in their number,
  • ultrasound allows you to visualize the state of the renal pelvis and find the stones that differ significantly in color from other tissues, and you can also fix the size of the pathological conglomerates,

The picture shows several pathological conglomerates.

Oxalates have the appearance of small diamonds.

Methods of treatment of oxalate kidney stones

In the presence of small formations that do not cause severe discomfort to patients, doctors choose waiting tactics. The patient is prescribed a special diet and regular examinations by the urologist and nephrologist to track the dynamics of the pathology. If the patient's condition is steadily worsening and there is a pronounced tendency to increase in the size of the stones, the doctors decide on the operation. In the recovery period, the victim also needs a daily examination of the doctor and control of urine and blood tests.

The main objectives of the treatment of the disease:

  • normalization of the outflow of urine,
  • elimination of pathological conglomerates,
  • stimulation of the immune system,
  • prevention of the development of secondary complications,
  • stabilization of the nature of power and water regime.

Surgical removal of renal oxalates

Since stones of this type are rather difficult to dissolve with the help of various medical preparations and folk remedies, the most effective method for getting rid of them is surgery.A surgical procedure is performed for patients with the following indications:

  • detection of several stones that impede the flow of urine,
  • large education sizes
  • extensive damage to the renal pelvis and the base of the ureter,
  • frequent bouts of intense colic.

People with an acute form of cardiovascular disease and brain damage are advised to postpone such intervention until the general condition stabilizes. The operation is performed under spinal anesthesia with two techniques:

  1. The traditional way. With its help mainly large pathological formations with sharp edges, damaging the kidneys, are extracted. An incision is made consistently between the skin, fatty tissue, muscle tissue, and the capsule. The kidney substance is removed, the surgeon removes the stones with tweezers and sends them to the laboratory for examination. If necessary, the ruptures of the vessels and the organ itself are sutured. The patient must constantly attend the dressings and monitor the condition of the suture.
  2. Endoscopic surgery is suitable for removing small stones. On the surface of the skin, the surgeon makes a small incision through which the necessary tools are inserted. Stones are removed one after the other, and at the end of such a procedure there remains a barely noticeable wound, which heals quickly and does not require long-term care.

Table: medications for the treatment of disease

Group namePharmaceutical ExamplesThe main effects of using
Drugs that affect metabolic processes in the body
  • Cholestyramine,
  • Cholestipol
  • Blemaren,
  • Biliurin.
Partially or completely dissolve oxalate stones in the kidneys, prevent the formation of new formations
Herbal remedies
  • Canephron H,
  • Cyston,
  • Fitolysin,
  • kidney fee.
Normalize the urine extraction process and stimulate regeneration
Diuretics
  • Urea,
  • Mannitol
  • Veroshpiron,
  • Furosemide,
  • Torasemide,
  • Lasix.
Excreted urine from the remnants of stones or fine sand.
Antispasmodics
  • No shpa
  • Drotaverine,
  • Spazgan,
  • Papaverine,
  • Spazmologon,
  • Baralgin.
Promotes relaxation of smooth and striated muscles
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Nurofen,
  • Ibuklin,
  • Tamoxifen,
  • Ibuprofen
  • Celebrex,
  • Celecoxib,
  • Rofecoxib.
Normalize body temperature, relieve soft tissue swelling and pain

Nutritional advice for patients with oxalate stones

The process of formation of pathological conglomerates in the kidneys is influenced by the quality and quantity of the food consumed by the patient. Only adherence to a special diet will help avoid recurrence of the disease and keep it under control. Basic nutritional rules for patients with oxalate kidney stones:

  • daily use of at least two liters of pure non-carbonated water,
  • use in cooking only fresh and natural products,
  • complete exclusion of fast food, convenience foods, sweets, processed cheese, sorrel, by-products (liver, kidneys, hearts, stomachs),
  • salt limit to 5 grams,
  • refusal to drink alcohol and strong black coffee,
  • all dishes should be stewed, boiled or baked,
  • 5–6 meals a day in small portions (weighing up to 350 grams).

What is allowed to eat sick:

  • fresh vegetables, fruits and berries in the form of salads, juices, mashed potatoes, cuts,
  • honey,
  • greens (except sorrel),
  • white poultry meat (chicken, turkey),
  • cereals and cereals (oatmeal, rice, buckwheat, millet, barley),
  • durum macaroni
  • normal-fat dairy products
  • fish (salmon, trout, pollock).

Traditional medicine as an aid

If you do not have the opportunity to consult a doctor, it is allowed to use decoctions, tinctures and tinctures based on natural ingredients. They also have healing properties and help to cope with unpleasant sensations. Remember that it is not possible to replace traditional therapy with their help because of unproven efficacy.

Do not forget that some traditional medicine based on plants and herbs can cause an acute allergic reaction. One of my friends used to fight oxalate stones in the kidneys decoction of rosehip leaves in combination with lemon juice. After cooking, he gulped down a whole glass, and then he felt a little worse. Within 15 minutes, massive red itchy spots appeared on the skin of the hands, feet and face - a clear sign of urticaria. The man was able to get rid of them only after the use of antihistamine drugs of systemic and local action. To prevent the development of such complications, you must first take a small amount of money, carefully watching your reaction.

Recipes used to dissolve oxalate stones and reduce the symptoms of the disease:

  1. Place 50 grams of bearberry (herb, known as a bear's ear) into a saucepan with a liter of pure water. Simmer for 20 minutes, then cool. Drink 1 glass of the drug every 4 hours (on this day it is better to stay at home). Bearberry has a diuretic effect and contributes to the removal of small stones from the body, it is necessary to conduct the procedure once a week. This method cannot be used in the presence of large conglomerates with jagged edges.
  2. Mix 100 grams of frozen blackberries with 50 grams of blueberries and place in a container with 2 liters of water. Boil for about 30 minutes, then add sugar or honey to taste. It is recommended to drink the received means on 1 glass before each meal during the day. Blackberries and blueberries effectively cope with the inflammatory processes in the kidney area and normalize the condition of soft tissues. It is recommended to use this tool 2 times a week.
  3. 50 grams of cranberries and 2 slices of lemon pour a liter of water and leave overnight. In the morning of the next day, drink 1 glass of the product before breakfast. It is believed that acidic foods can dissolve oxalate stones and ensure their removal from the body. The course of treatment consists of 20 procedures with an interval between them in 3 days.

Forecasts and consequences of oxalate stones

The average duration of treatment of this pathology is from 2 to 6 months. The patient must keep to a diet all the time and monitor the amount of fluid consumed, limit the unauthorized taking of medications so as not to provoke an exacerbation. The probability of recovery is affected by the lifestyle of the victim, his age and the presence of other acute or chronic diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine and musculoskeletal systems.

In young patients in 70% of cases the pathology goes away without a trace, in people over 60 there are constantly exacerbations of the disease.

During my internship at the Department of Urology, I had the opportunity to participate in the treatment of a man who had suffered from the formation of oxalate kidney stones for about 10 years. The victim abused alcoholic beverages, which significantly reduced the effectiveness of therapy, and also neglected the prescriptions of doctors and forgot to take pharmaceutical preparations. As a result of such an attitude towards his health, he regularly experienced exacerbations, during which physicians at operations removed massive conglomerates. Due to frequent surgical interventions and the large size of stones, the structure of the renal pelvis-renal system was disrupted and the man developed renal failure. Now he must regularly undergo hemodialysis - the artificial purification of blood from harmful impurities through the filtration membrane.

What complications can occur in patients with oxalate kidney stones:

  1. Internal bleeding due to damage to the vascular wall by the sharp edge of the conglomerate.This happens with bumps, spontaneous falls, physical activity and the effects of any other factor causing the movement of the stone. Against the background of the development of such a complication, the patient may lose up to 1.5 liters of blood and die from hypovolemic shock. Internal injuries are treated in the intensive care unit by plasma transfusions and donor blood.
  2. Pyelonephritis formation. Prolonged damage to the renal parenchyma leads to the development of an inflammatory process in the renal pelvis system. Patients complain of pain in the lumbar region and the formation of urine the color of meat slop. Pyelonephritis therapy is a long-term use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  3. The occurrence of nephrosclerosis. Against the background of numerous injuries of the renal tissue, a connecting substance begins to grow in their place, which leads to deformation and a change in the structure of the organ. The sclerosed area cannot normally perform the functions of filtration and reabsorption of a liquid. This causes chronic kidney disease.
  4. Increase the likelihood of tumor formation. According to modern studies, it is found that patients with urolithiasis are more likely to die from malignant neoplasms of the excretory system.

Photo Gallery: undesirable consequences of the disease

The formation of oxalate kidney stones is a fairly common problem that anyone can face at any age. Do not forget that even after the course of treatment and surgical removal of these structures, there is a possibility of recurrence of the disease. That is why it is necessary to follow all the recommendations prescribed by the doctor, move more, eat properly and regularly take tests. In this way, you will be able to maintain the health of the urinary system at the right level and protect your body from the harmful effects of the environment.

Causes of oxalate formation

According to medical research, the following reasons for the formation of oxalate conglomerates are distinguished:

Genetic predisposition to the formation of oxalates,

Disorders of oxalic acid metabolism in the patient’s body,

Lack of magnesium in food and water,

Complicated course of the urinary system,

Digestive tract operations,

Diabetes mellitus, Crohn's disease, a history of pyelonephritis,

Combination of vitamin b deficiency6 with an excess of vitamin C.

The clinical picture of the presence of oxalate stones

Severe symptoms of oxalate in the kidneys - a signal that you need to be examined, to consult a doctor and treatment.

Symptoms of oxalate in the kidneys:

Hematuria (presence of blood in the urine),

Lower abdominal pain extending to the lower back, groin, genitals,

Impurities of pus in the urine,

In laboratory tests, protein and leukocytes in the urine,

Frequent urination,

Feeling tired, fatigue.

Blood and urine laboratory tests:

Increased levels of oxalate in the blood,

Low proteinuria - up to 0.066%,

Moderate tubular dysfunction,

Markers of instability of cell membranes and increased crystal-forming ability of urine.

For the initial examination, the patient must send daily urine to creatinine, glycolate and oxalates, and blood to plasma oxalates.

In children of preschool age, the presence of oxalates can only speak of an attack of renal colic, since oxalate stones are asymptomatic in them.

To get away with minimally invasive treatment methods and prevent the transition of small oxalates to conglomerates, you need to consult a doctor at the first sign of ill-being.

Treatment methods

Oxalates cannot be dissolved, it is not always possible to crush them because of the extremely dense structure. Large conglomerates are eliminated during the operation.

Methods of surgical intervention:

Classic open operation.

Small-sized oxalates are crushed with ultrasound, with its help they remove fragments from the body.

Microliths and sand are eliminated with the help of conservative therapy for cleansing the urinary system. A system of preventive measures will help to prevent the re-formation of stones.

Stages of conservative therapy:

Use at least 2 liters of fluid to cleanse organs and systems of salts and excretion of oxalates.

Feasible regular physical education to remove sand and microliths. The most useful to do jumps and jogging.

The implementation of the recommendations of the doctor - taking medications for the removal of oxalates and the normalization of metabolism.

Medicinal herbs, dissolving oxalate stones

Extracts of oxalates and decoctions of medicinal plants:

Birch buds and leaves,

Peppermint herb.

For softening, grinding and removing stones use cucumber, pumpkin and squash juice.

Kidney teas and herbal preparations with diuretic action:

Grass "bear's ear".

Strongly contraindicated in the presence of oxalate use beet juice.

Diet for Oxalate Kidney Stones

If the body is disturbed by the balance of oxalic acid, there is often a violation of the functioning of the kidneys and dangerous changes in their structure.

Strictly limited products

Boiled lean meat, fish, poultry,

Boiled eggs, sausages, sausage,

Dairy products (with the exception of elevated calcium in the urine, exacerbation of pyelonephritis),

Butter and vegetable oil,

Unsalted lard,

Wheat and rye bread from coarse flour, with the addition of bran,

Pasta, buckwheat, millet, pearl barley,

Rosehip decoctions, dried fruit compote, fruit drinks, kvass,

Vegetables: pumpkin, turnip, cucumber, cabbage, eggplants, potatoes, peas, red beans,

Fruits: bananas, apricots, apples, plums, grapes, watermelons,

Offal (liver, kidney, brain), aspic dishes on gelatin,

Strong meat, fish, mushroom broths, sauces,

Pepper, salt, mustard,

Sweets, jam, chocolate,

Strong coffee, cocoa,

Vegetables: beets, sorrel, spinach, rhubarb, celery, parsley, lettuce,

Fruits: pears, strawberries, gooseberries, blueberries, black currants, sour apples,

The basic principles of a therapeutic diet:

Introduction to the diet of foods containing calcium,

Drinking large amounts of water (up to 3 liters), 2 liters of which are pure non-carbonated water,

The restriction in the diet of salt, sugar, animal products,

Limit products containing oxalic acid

The ban on the use of seasonings, pickles and pickles, canned food, alcohol.

The total caloric intake is 2800 calories. Food is taken in small portions, the daily ration is divided into 5 receptions. The development of a dietary food for a patient with oxalate should be based on data about the state of his health.

Prevention

In order to prevent the formation of oxalate stones, it is enough to follow simple rules:

Include in the diet a sufficient amount of clean water,

Avoid a sedentary lifestyle, exercise at a physical fitness level or sport,

Properly build your diet, avoiding the use of products with a high content of oxalic acid

Which doctor to contact?

Timely diagnosis and rapid removal of oxalate stones from the kidneys will help to avoid serious complications. Similar problems are dealt with by a nephrologist who is a specialist in this field.

Education: The diploma in the specialty “Andrology” was obtained after passing residency at the Department of Endoscopic Urology of the Russian Academy of Medical Education at the Urology Center of the Central Clinical Hospital №1 of Russian Railways (2007). Here was completed graduate school by 2010.

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The article describes the symptoms of kidney stones in women and men. The reasons for their appearance and modern methods of treatment of the disease are given. Kidney stones in men and women can not declare themselves for a long time. A person often learns about his disease in the first attack of renal colic.

The use of medicinal herbs speeds up the discharge of sand and small stones, does not allow new stones to form, allows you to normalize the metabolism. Therefore, the treatment of kidney stones with folk remedies is possible, but only subject to certain rules. First, any methods of traditional medicine can be started to apply only on.

Indications for use of the procedure - the presence of large formations. During crushing, high-intensity ultrasonic beams split the stone into small pieces. If these fragments fall into the ureter, the pelvis, the renal calyx, an exacerbation of the inflammatory process in the kidneys is possible.

The use of drugs for the treatment of urolithiasis is impossible without prior diagnosis. Tactics of treatment are determined based on the location of the stone, as well as taking into account its chemical composition. If a person has concrements in the kidneys reached a large size, then first of all, it is necessary to change the acidity of urine.

Treatment of oxalate kidney stones tablets

Patients with nephrolithiasis are shown pharmacological agents that affect the structure of stones, that is, contribute to the dissolution of kidney stones. Also shown drugs with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect. Antispasmodics (No-Spa, Platyfillin, etc.) contribute to the relief of spasm of smooth muscles of the urinary tract, which accelerates the movement of stones and their elimination in a natural way. In addition, antispasmodics reduce the intensity of pain.

The accession of a secondary infection is an indication for the administration of sulfonamides (Biseptol, Sulfadimethoxine) and broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Important: if it is determined that the stones are oxalate, it is necessary to use diuretic drugs with extreme caution! They should be used only after a course of treatment with agents that contribute to the fragmentation of stones.

When detecting oxalate compounds in urine analyzes, a course of vitamins B1 and B6 is shown (monthly, in 10-day cycles 3 times a day).

Course therapy with magnesium oxide (10 days) or Asparkam tablets or Ksifone in the form of a 2% solution (2-3 weeks) is also needed.

For 3-4 weeks, taking vitamin E supplements is necessary, and once every 3 months a 3-4 week course of retinol is indicated.

Popular treatment of kidney stones

Traditional medicine proposes the use of herbal remedies, i.e., plant-based products.

Medicinal decoctions are prepared on the basis of fees, which include:

  • peel of apples and (or) pears,
  • elderberry,
  • nettle leaves,
  • peppermint,
  • sushitsa,
  • Linden blossom,
  • calendula flowers,
  • marigold flowers
  • corn silk,
  • violet grass fragrant,
  • birch buds and leaves,
  • knotweed
  • bear's ear,
  • bearberry grass.

Important: in no case should self-medicate. The use of traditional medicine is possible only after consultation with a urologist!

In order to get rid of sand and small oxalate stones, as well as to prevent the formation of new stones, it is recommended to drink milk (preferably goat) with honey in the mornings before breakfast. For 200 ml of warm milk, add 2 dessert spoons of naturally honey and drink liquid sip regularly (daily) for two months or more.

The earliest possible discharge of small, konkrementoznyh formations contributes to physical therapy (physical therapy). The complex, which includes walking, running, bending and jumping, can only be recommended by your doctor.In the presence of acute symptoms, practicing exercises on your own is not recommended in order to avoid the development of complications.

Patients with nephrolithiasis are shown sanatorium treatment.

Prevention of the formation of oxalate stones

As a measure for the prevention of nephrolithiasis, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and observing a drinking regimen with the consumption of sufficient volumes of clean water are recommended. It is necessary to limit the consumption of baked flour products and chocolate, the rejection of fast food and (if possible) from products containing preservatives and artificial colors. Studies have shown that nephrolithiasis often affects people who prefer to eat not at home, but in McDonald's and other so-called. "Fast food restaurants."

Konev Alexander, therapist

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Personal experience of using capsules spilled super, drugs kanefron and ciston

Against the background of a long-lasting dysbacteriosis of the intestines, the formed oxalate kidney stones made themselves felt in the form of a strong attack of renal colic, followed by emergency hospitalization. Then, at intervals of about two years, there were two more attacks of renal colic with the discharge of stones and sand from the kidneys. Thus, three times lay with kidney stones in the hospital. Only after a while, doing my own health, I came to the conclusion about the relationship of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea and the formation of oxalate kidney stones. To go to the experience of removing these stones set out below a little theory.

This disease is more known in one of its manifestations - as kidney disease (nephrolithiasis), since stones present in the urinary tract are formed mainly in the kidneys. The sizes of these formations are different and depend on the length of the growth period. Sometimes urolithiasis is asymptomatic. In such cases, the presence of kidney stones can indirectly indicate discomfort (mild aches, dull pain) in the lumbar region after physical activity, especially in the case of weight lifting.

How does a kidney stone look

The deposition of dense mineral stones in the renal pelvis occurs in the process of precipitation of urine salts, which can be caused by kidney injuries and urine excretion disorders, but more often - metabolic disorders and disorders of the nervous and hormonal regulation of renal functions. Stones and sand in the kidneys can consist of 2-3 types of salts, but in most cases they are only one type of salt. According to such a characteristic as chemical composition, they are divided into oxalates, urates and phosphates. Less common are other types of stones formed by organic substances — sulfonamides, cholesterol, etc.

The formation of one or another type of calculus depends on the changes in the acid-base balance of urine that occur during illness. Oxalate and urate stones (oxalates and urates) are formed in acidic urine. Sulfanilamide stones also occur in acidic urine, but this occurs only during intensive therapy with the use of sulfa drugs. Phosphate stones (phosphates), by contrast, require an extremely alkaline environment.

Symptoms of the disease

When nephrolithiasis, when the disease proceeds with symptoms, it is customary to distinguish acute and interictal periods. In the acute period, kidney disease is indicated by an attack of renal colic, which is characterized by sudden and violently arising (often after physical overstrain), sharp back pain, radiating to the groin and abdomen. Other typical symptoms are nausea, bloating, gas and stool retention, sometimes turning into intestinal obstruction, in which the nature of pain becomes cramping. Attacks are repeated with a certain frequency.

In the interictal period, there may be some signs peculiar to pyelonephritis (pain in the kidney area when knocking the upper part of the waist), as well as a slightly increased urine output.

The diagnosis of kidney disease is finally confirmed only by ultrasound examination of the kidneys or X-ray examination (X-rays best reveal urate stones and less clearly - phosphate ones). Urinalysis allows you to detect a shift in acid-base balance in the acidic or alkaline side, as well as the presence in the urine of certain substances that contribute to the growth of stones.

Preliminary findings

The effectiveness of the use of capsules spilled is obvious. It is safe to say that in the removal of oxalate stones in the kidneys, it helps better than Cyston. Against the background of capsule intake, super spilled spills, Panangin was periodically taken to compensate for the loss of magnesium and potassium in intestinal dysbacteriosis. As far as kanefron is effective in removing stones, I can’t say anything yet, as they have just started a course of therapy. On the comparative results of its use on the results of ultrasound I will write in this blog post later.

P.S. Upon completion of the course of receiving canephron, a second control ultrasound of the kidneys was performed. The super effect achieved by the use of capsules spilled without a significant improvement on the background of the use of canefron. The size of the remaining stone was still 3 mm., But I would like to clean the kidneys completely. Therefore, I decided to use spilled super every six months to completely remove the stones and take it for preventive measures every six months, as there is a tendency to form oxalate stones.

Well, now the opinion of official medicine on the problem of the formation and removal of kidney stones (nephrolitase). Here is what information was shared on the Strastocvet website:

In addition to the article, I would like to add that dehydration, inflammatory processes (cystitis, pyelonephritis), impaired urine passage (strictures, tumors) increase the risk of stone formation. Important: with an infection of salt, it is easy to “sit down” on the inflamed mucosa.

Types of kidney stones:

  • oxalate, the mechanism of their formation is described in detail in the article. The diet with this kind of stones should limit legumes, cruciferous (root vegetables, cabbage, greens), oranges and milk. It is recommended to increase the content in the diet of magnesium and potassium (dried fruits, grains, fruits).
  • urate, with gout, increased protein breakdown (hypercorticism, cancer cachexia, chronic intoxication), an excess of purines in food (meat, legumes, wine), smoked abuse, coffee. This is a disease of gourmets and sybarites.

A prerequisite for the formation of urate in the kidney is a pH below 5.5 (acid reaction of urine). Urats dissolve well!

  • calcium and phosphorus (bone fractures, parathyroid hyperfunction, hypervitaminosis of vitamin D, excessive calcium and phosphorus intake) in alkaline urine reactions in vegetarians and adherents of the milk-vegetable diet.

Important: food contains many salts of orthophosphoric acid, which can be deposited in the kidneys when urine pH changes.

Important: intake of calcium, medicinal mineral water should be limited due to the possibility of stone formation. Calcium preparations should contain magnesium, which prevents stone formation.

Renal colic

This condition is associated with movements of the stone along the ureter or renal pelvis. Colic occurs after exercise, changing body position, playing sports, driving in transport. The pain may be unbearable and be accompanied by vegetative symptoms: sweating, pressure reduction, palpitations, patients rush about, do not find a place for themselves. The pain gives to the pubis, the inner surface of the thigh, genitals, lower back.

Folk remedies for kidney stones: watermelon, beer, lemons.

Watermelon Diet:

  1. The first day is a watermelon and a loaf of black bread.
  2. The second day - at least 3 kg of watermelon. Repeat such days in the season of watermelons at least 2 times a week.
  3. To remove stones, you need to take a warm bath in the evening (removes spasm and expands the ureters) and eat a few kilograms of watermelon. The method removes fine stones and sand well.

Beer

Beer has a diuretic effect and has a slightly acidic pH, that is, suitable for dissolving calcium and phosphorus stones. Here the main thing is not to overdo it in terms of alcohol!

Lemons

Acidified urine, shown with calcium and phosphate stones. It is usually recommended to apply 1-2 lemons per day for at least 2-4 weeks.

Rose hips, knotweed, bearberry, horsetail, hydrangea also dissolve stones!

Sunflower has an alkaline pH and dissolves urate and oxalate stones. It also relieves inflammation and slightly diuretic. 300 g of the root is poured with 5 liters of water and boiled for 5 minutes, then infused for several hours. For the prevention of stones, 1.5 liters of broth are taken daily for 12 days, the course of treatment is extended to 24 days for treatment. Courses are repeated every six months.

Hydrangea in the form of decoctions and additives shown for acidification of urine and treatment of calcium and phosphate stones. It also dissolves salts in the bile and joints, reduces inflammation.

Diet with a certain pH:

  • acidic, for dissolving phosphate and calcium kidney stones: protein, lingonberry and cranberry fruit drinks, lemons, acidic mineral waters such as Arzni, Truskavets, flour, vegetable oils. It is also necessary to reduce the concentration of calcium and phosphate in food,
  • alkaline, for dissolving urate and oxalate kidney stones: milk-vegetable, potatoes, pumpkin, cucumbers, cereals, watermelons. Alkaline mineral waters are also useful: Essentuki, Borjomi, Naftusya.

Important: Before any type of treatment, it is necessary to determine the urine pH and the type of kidney stones, otherwise it is possible to increase their number and size!

DUVLT - remote shock wave lithotripsy. The method is non-invasive and consists in the splitting of kidney stones with ultrasound. The sensor is superimposed on the waist in the projection of the stone, the location of which is determined by the ultrasound. The method is limited by the size of the stone, for large stones it is possible to conduct DEWPA in several stages.

Of the preparations for dissolving kidney stones, I want to note:

  • urate and oxalate: Allopurinol (a remedy for gout), Blemarin (contains citric acid), Asparkam or Panangin (contain potassium and magnesium)
  • calcium-oxalate: Cystone, Prolit, Fitolysin, Urolesan.

Spill and Cystone do not change the pH, Fitolysin can not be used with phosphate stones.

It should be noted separately that the diagnosis of kidney stones treatment is multifaceted, i.e. happens to be aimed simultaneously at different links of pathogenesis. These include prevention of the formation and enlargement of stones, relief of renal colic, and rehabilitation treatment, including antibacterial therapy and restoration of urinary function. And, of course, if a patient has kidney stones, treatment should include the removal of stones from them.

There are various ways to remove stones, which in many cases are used in combination. The main ones are the following six:

  • open operation
  • laparoscopic surgery,
  • endoscopic interventions
  • contact lithotripsy and other methods of crushing kidney stones,
  • shock-wave distance lithotripsy,
  • medical dissolution of stones, including the use of medicinal herbs and mineral waters.

For a long time, the main method of removing stones was open surgery. However, this method is highly traumatic, is associated with the risk of serious complications and the degree of stone recurrence after such an intervention is very high.In this regard, the treatment of urolithiasis with the help of open surgery today is used only in extreme cases, in the absence of a less traumatic alternative. For example, in the case of pyonephrosis.

Laparoscopic surgeries and endoscopic interventions are much less traumatic, so they are used more often today.

Contact destruction, and then the removal of kidney stones through the urinary tract with the help of tools is used more often in cases where the stones enter the ureter, causing an attack of renal colic.

The most gentle way to remove kidney stones is shock-wave distance lithotripsy. Stones are destroyed remotely by wave action, and then their remains are naturally excreted from the body. Unfortunately, the method does not allow to achieve a sufficient result with large stones.

Methods of dissolution of stones with medicines, medicinal herbs and mineral waters are the most preferred and safest in terms of complications. However, such methods imply the need for strict implementation of the recommendations over a rather long period of time and can also be effective only with small stones.

In conclusion, it must be said that the choice of the method of removing kidney stones depends on many factors: the size of the stone, its chemical composition, density, exact location, as well as the existing complications of urolithiasis, comorbidity and other factors.

Personal experience with the use of capsules spilled super, drugs kanefron and ciston in the removal of kidney stones.

With a long flowing

with diarrhea syndrome i. propensity to relax the chair and

. There is a deterioration in the absorption of bile acids by the intestines. Fats and fat-soluble vitamins cannot bind to bile acids and form compounds with calcium in the intestine. As a result, steatorrhea is formed in the intestine - an increased content of neutral fats, soaps and fatty acids in the feces. The intestinal oxalic acid does not bind with calcium and in a free form enters the blood where it binds with serum calcium with the subsequent formation of calcium oxalate. Part of the calcium oxalate is removed from the blood through the kidneys with urine, and some is deposited in them, forming crystals, especially if a person does not consume enough water. Looking ahead, I can say that to compensate for the loss of potassium and magnesium in the body, I periodically take the drug Panangin.

I am against the background of a long flowed

The resulting oxalate stones in the kidneys have made themselves felt in the form of a strong attack of renal colic, followed by emergency hospitalization. Then, at intervals of about two years, there were two more attacks of renal colic with the discharge of stones and sand from the kidneys. Thus, three times lay with kidney stones in the hospital. Only after the passage of time, doing my own health, I came to the conclusion about the relationship

irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea

and the formation of oxalate kidney stones. To go to the experience of removing these stones set out below a little theory.

Capsules spilled super

This disease is better known in one of its manifestations - as nephrolithiasis (nephrolithiasis), because the stones present in the urinary tract are formed mainly in the kidneys. The sizes of these formations are different and depend on the length of the growth period. Sometimes urolithiasis is asymptomatic. In such cases, the presence of kidney stones can indirectly indicate discomfort (mild aches, dull pain) in the lumbar region after physical activity, especially in the case of weight lifting.

The deposition of dense mineral stones in the renal pelvis occurs in the process of precipitation of urine salts, which can be caused by kidney injuries and urine excretion disorders, but more often - metabolic disorders and disorders of the nervous and hormonal regulation of renal functions. Stones and sand in the kidneys can consist of 2-3 types of salts, but in most cases they are only one type of salt. According to such a characteristic as chemical composition, they are divided into oxalates, urates and phosphates. Less common are other types of stones formed by organic substances — sulfonamides, cholesterol, etc.

The formation of one or another type of calculus depends on the changes in the acid-base balance of urine that occur during illness. Oxalate and urate stones (oxalates and urates) are formed in acidic urine. Sulfanilamide stones also occur in acidic urine, but this occurs only during intensive therapy with the use of sulfa drugs. Phosphate stones (phosphates), by contrast, require an extremely alkaline environment.

Key recommendations

Because of its composition, oxalate kidney stone is difficult to soften. At home, for his crushing, you can try a number of alternative medicine. Efficiency depends on the course of the disease, so in the absence of a result from one method, you need to try others.

Universal ways to dissolve kidney stones are as follows:

  1. Keeping a tight diet.
  2. Drink plenty of water.
  3. Physical exercise.
  4. Herbal decoctions.

Nutrition with the accumulation of oxalates involves the rejection of products with a high content of oxalic acid and vitamin C - tea, Coca-Cola, sorrel and rhubarb, citrus, chocolate. It is recommended to exclude from the usual diet of coffee and broths based on meat. If you can not completely abandon these products, then at least the daily consumption should be reduced to a minimum.

Patients are shown copious drinking, at least 2 liters of pure water per day. This will help the discharge of small pebbles and their washing out of the body with urine.

You can also break down oxalates with the help of gymnastics, sports, and hiking in the open air. Physical activity should complement other treatments.

In addition, herbal therapy is recommended. It is useful to drink broths on birch buds, peel from apples and pears, elderberry.

It is important to understand that only while the stones are small, they can be split by folk remedies. When exceeding 5 mm in diameter, stones are removed only by instrumental methods.

Oxalate Excretion Products

The most important role in the removal of any salts from the body is diet. With certain foods, you can dissolve a kidney stone, avoiding complications that require surgery.

Patients should switch to a strict diet with the rejection of harmful products, namely:

Fatty and smoked food is not recommended because of the increased cholesterol level. Sour fruits and vegetables contain a lot of ascorbic and oxalic acids, which provoke oxalate deposits. Of the drinks are contraindicated strong teas and coffee, as well as kvass and cocoa.

To break down a kidney stone, it is necessary to eat the following products in large quantities:

  • milk,
  • low-fat cottage cheese,
  • dried bread
  • porridge,
  • lean meat and fish
  • pasta,
  • cabbage
  • boiled potatoes,
  • black currant,
  • watermelons
  • apples

The dissolution of kidney stones is effective with increased consumption of black currant, because it helps to remove excess oxalic acid from the body. Boiled potatoes alkaline the urine and promote the formation of calcium ligaments.

Recently, beet juice has been actively replicated on the Internet as a means against oxalates.Bring them in this way can not, moreover - the health will be inflicted even more damage, doctors warn. It is really useful to drink herbs in the form of infusions and decoctions, as well as juices from cucumbers, pumpkins and zucchini.

Herbal medicine

Oxalate stones dissolve more difficult urate, so for their crushing can and should be used herbs in conjunction with other methods of treatment. With an integrated approach, the chances of recovery are greatly enhanced.

Popular means based on hips and parsley, dissolving calculi, are more suitable for crushing urate stones, and the following diuretic fee is recommended for splitting oxalate stones:

You need to take 60 g of the listed components, mix, then 6 tbsp. l mixture brew 1.5 cups of boiling water. Optionally add 1 tbsp. l honey These herbs can spoil the enamel of the teeth, so it is better to drink the infusion through a straw.

Take it at 100 ml before each meal during the week. Then drink another 14 days, adding 5 drops of fir oil to the infusion. After a month, the treatment effect should manifest itself in the form of urine turbidity and the appearance of flakes in it - this means that the stones begin to split, and the resulting sand - to go out. Herbs must be consumed until the formation dissolves completely.

This method demonstrates good results when crushing oxalate stones, and it is not easy to split them. Although herbs are a safe means of treatment, you should still consult a doctor before using them.

To dissolve the stone, also use another herbal collection, based on:

  1. Cowberries.
  2. Donnik.
  3. Immortelle
  4. Motherwort.
  5. Madder root

These ingredients are considered effective in treating oxalate and urate stones. They need to take 2 tbsp. l., brew a glass of boiling water and take 80 ml 5 times a day.

To split a stone, you can mix the following herbs:

These ingredients will be used to make the infusion. They need to mix, pour a cup of hot water and insist a little. Drink 80 ml 5 times a day for 3-4 months. If the kidneys do not completely clear during this time, the procedure will need to be repeated, after waiting 2 weeks.

When treating with unconventional methods, it is important to monitor changes in urine. A month after the start of taking the infusions, it should turn cloudy. If this does not happen, you should try another herbal collection. Complete removal of sand can only be determined by a doctor on the basis of a diagnosis.

Lemon juice with honey

This recipe is useful for direct breakdown and prevention of oxalate deposits. You need to take 200 g of honey, stir in a glass of lemon juice and put on half an hour to warm up in a water bath.

When the tool is cool, it is better to put it in the fridge. Drink 1 tbsp. l decoction before each meal three times a day.

Apple Peel Tea

Pre-required to dry the peel of apples. Then you need to grind it to a powder. Pour 2 tsp., Pour boiling water. Tea should brew for 20 minutes.

Some use pear instead of apple peel. Brewing fresh peel is allowed.

Recipe for the lazy. Every morning on an empty stomach it is recommended to drink honey water, stirring 2 tsp. honey (better - dark) in a glass of water. Fragmentation of stones in this way will take from 1 month from six months.

Oxalate kidney stones are quite difficult to dissolve, but it is possible to achieve their crushing by folk remedies. Herbs usually show good efficacy, while they are safe for the body and are often approved by doctors. If you consult with a doctor and select concomitant treatments, the likelihood of a quick recovery will increase.

What are stones?


Oxalate stones are usually black or brown in color. It depends on whether they provoke bleeding. If not, the color of the stones will be lighter.

Their shape can be very bizarre and complex with numerous spikes and spines. It is from oxalates that so-called coral stones are formed. Their size is from several millimeters to 4 centimeters.

It is possible that the oxalate stone occupies the entire renal pelvis and interferes with the normal functioning of the organ.

Probably the addition of salts of another acid, often phosphoric acid, then oxalate-phosphate stones are formed. They have a layered structure that is clearly visible on the cut.

Why does oxalaturia develop?

The reasons for the formation of sand and stones of this type are in violation of metabolic processes, in which an excess of oxalic acid appears in the urine. And it is not at all necessary that it enters the body in large quantities.

When an excess of oxalic acid appears in the urine, it combines with calcium and forms oxalate crystals. At first they are very small and are microscopic formations - microliths.

From the nephrons, they enter the renal cups, where they linger on the surface of the papillae of the pyramids. Each formed crystal as if attracts the same formations to itself.

So stones are formed, and oxalate nephrolithiasis develops.

If the epithelium of the urinary tract is healthy, then the salt crystals do not linger on its surface, but come out with urine. Attaching microliths to the epithelium occurs at a very high concentration of salts in the urine or in inflammatory lesions of the mucosa.

Why does oxalic acid concentration increase? The reasons for this may be two: excessive intake of it from food or disruption of metabolic processes, that is, acid-base balance in the body. Also, their appearance can provoke:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Endocrine pathologies,
  • Inflammatory kidney disease,
  • Sedentary lifestyle,
  • Insufficient fluid intake
  • Lack of vitamin B6 or magnesium.

Oxalaturia can be a complication of some diseases that lead to metabolic disorders or damage to the renal epithelium. Most often, diabetes and pyelonephritis lead to such consequences. Also on the list of diseases provocateurs Crohn's disease.

Symptoms of manifestation

Manifestations of urolithiasis with the formation of oxalates are basically the same as in the formation of any other stones. The difference may be that the symptoms appear earlier and are more pronounced due to the nature of the crystals. In particular, hematuria becomes noticeable in earlier periods, and pain with renal colic is much stronger:

  • Aching pain in the kidneys,
  • Difficulty urinating,
  • Discoloration of urine due to hematuria,
  • Burning and soreness when urinating,
  • Severe pain during renal colic.

The pains are localized in the lumbar region, abdomen, and can give to the groin, genitalia, or leg. With renal colic, when the stone begins to move along the urinary tract, the pain becomes acute and paroxysmal. It can be intolerable and be accompanied by fever and even confusion.

In addition to the impurity of blood in the urine may contain pus, which is caused by inflammation of the urinary tract. With oxalate, this happens quite often, as they damage the mucous membranes.

Large stones that go into the lumen of the ureter, become an obstacle to the outflow of urine. It is also likely that a complete blockage of the ureter, which leads to anuria, that is, cessation of urination.

This condition is very dangerous not only for health, but also for the patient's life.

Treatment and recommendations

With microlites and oxalate sand, it is quite possible to cope with diet, herbal medicine and active lifestyle.

It is possible to take some medications that improve urodynamics and the removal of small particles. Also used medical and spa methods.

The diet must be followed constantly in order to prevent the formation of new stones and an increase in existing ones. For this you need:

  1. Discard products containing a lot of oxalic acid, meat broths, strong tea and coffee.
  2. Provide the body with calcium to bind oxalic acid in the intestines.
  3. Consume a sufficient amount of foods containing vitamin B6 and magnesium.
  4. Drink a sufficient amount of fluid for natural washing of the urinary tract (at least 2 liters).

To remove small stones, you can use herbal medicine. The ability to dissolve small oxalate stones have birch leaves and buds, mint grass, violet root, nettle leaves. The grass has a good effect half-fell.

Herbal medicine can be shown in different periods of the disease, but it is necessary to coordinate it with your doctor. Also, on the recommendation of the attending physician, a certain composition of mineral water is prescribed (Borjomi, Narzan, Dilijan, Essentuki).

An active lifestyle helps get rid of small stones and prevents the formation of new ones. The fact is that during active movements the body shakes, and the crystals, as it were, fall away from the epithelium of the kidneys, do not attach themselves to it. This means that they will not acquire new crystals, and stones are not formed. At least, this reduces the likelihood of calculus formation and their number.

Surgical treatment

Removal of large oxalates is often carried out by surgery. Today, several technologies are used to remove stones from the urinary tract. The most benign is lithotripsy. This method is based on the impact of acoustic waves that crush stones.

Lithotripsy can be performed remotely, without penetrating directly to the kidney. In more complex cases, resort to contact crushing method. If the application of this technology is not possible, then surgery is appointed. It can be performed using laparoscopic technology or open method.

Causes of formation of kidney stones from oxalates

The formation of oxalate stones (including sand) is possible with an excess of salts of oxalic acid in the body

The formation of oxalate stones (including sand) is possible with an excess of oxalic acid salts in the body, which happens with an excess supply of an acidic product with food. The following factors contribute to the formation of insoluble compounds:

  • a shift in the acid-base balance to the acidic side (decrease in the pH of the blood serum),
  • violation of metabolic mechanisms associated with the metabolism of oxalic acid and calcium,
  • hereditary susceptibility to kidney stone formation,
  • sedentary (hypodynamia) way of life,
  • lack of vitamins B (especially pyridoxine) and magnesium ions in the body.

Oxalate stones, or rather their structural units - crystals, are formed by the interaction of calcium ions and oxalic acid. It occurs in the kidneys during the formation of urine. In the excretory organs, whose function is not impaired, the crystals and fine sand formed during their aggregation are removed with urine.

If the mucous of the cups is inflamed, the crystals stick to it and begin to form oxalate plaques that quickly become overgrown with new salt fragments. The structure of cameos also includes protein molecules (secreted by the mucous membrane during inflammatory processes), which bind the crystals together.

From this it is clear that the main cause of the formation of stones is not only oxalates in the kidneys, but also the presence of an inflamed mucous membrane of the excretion organ.

Filling the cup, the growing calculus begins to go into the cavity of the pelvis, goes into other cups.In advanced cases of nephrolithiasis, the stone completely fills all the cups, making the work of the kidney difficult or even impossible (the paths for the outflow of urine are blocked). Some chronic pathologies contribute to the formation and rapid growth of oxalate formations, such as:

  • diabetes mellitus (first and second types),
  • pyelonephritis,
  • Crohn's disease (hereditary fermentopathy).

What are the special oxalate stones

Oxalate formations are characterized by the presence of sharp protrusions and spinous processes, with which they often injure the pelvic mucosa and cups

What do kidney stones look like formed by oxalic acid salts? These are solid formations with an uneven (bumpy) surface.

Their sizes vary in the range of 3-40 mm. Oxalate formations are characterized by the presence of acute protrusions and spinous processes, with which they often injure the pelvic mucosa and cups, leading to hematuria (erythrocytes in the urine).

The mucosa is often injured during the functioning of the excretion organ, therefore the stones themselves turn dark brown (closer to black), which gives them hemoglobin from destroyed red blood cells.

The structure of such stones, when examined, reveals a layered structure, since in addition to calcium and oxalic acid compounds, other salts (urates) and protein are often superimposed on their surface.

Symptoms of oxalate nephrolithiasis and its diagnosis

Urolithiasis, which occurs with the formation of stones mainly calcium salts, manifests itself back pain

Urolithiasis, which occurs with the formation of stones mainly with calcium salts, manifests itself with such characteristic symptoms:

  • pain sensations
  • burning along the urethra during urination,
  • the difficulty of withdrawing the urine,
  • periodic appearance of blood in the urine,
  • appearance in the urine of leukocytes and protein (inflammation of the pelvis), which is determined by laboratory,
  • renal colic with obstruction (blockage) of the urethra (urinary duct) with a fragment of a kidney stone.

Nephrolithiasis pain is localized mainly in the lumbar region, less often - in the lower abdomen (with an unusual arrangement of the kidney). Irradiation (distribution) of pain to the genitals, groin and internal femoral surface is characteristic.

The burning sensation during urination is caused by the passage of small fragments of stone, which with its sharp edges irritates the urethral mucosa. If the calculus fragment is large, there is a partial blockage of the duct or complete obstruction.

The condition is serious: urination is possible only lying on your back with a raised pelvis (with a partially buried duct).

With complete overlap of the urethra, urine does not move away, therefore - the kidney does not remove toxins from the blood, resulting in severe intoxication (uremia), threatening general health.

Diagnose stones from calcium salts with ultrasound (mostly) or fluoroscopic studies. Ultrasound is particularly informative, since dense oxalates do not transmit ultrasound. The first signs of the formation of salt crystals in the kidneys are detected by laboratory tests of urine — ammonium alkali and calcium oxalates are detected in it.

Herbal medicine and folk remedies

Traditional methods involve mainly the use of products of plant origin, on the basis of which they prepare collections, infusions, decoctions

Traditional methods involve mainly the use of products of plant origin, on the basis of which they prepare collections, infusions, decoctions. They prevent the formation of oxalate stones, that is used for prophylaxis, and inhibit the growth of already formed kidney stones. These plant products include:

  • the peel of apples and their bones,
  • mint,
  • linden color
  • calendula (flowers)
  • knotweed grass
  • nettle leaves,
  • elderberry berries.

Another effective folk medicine is milk with honey. This drink prevents the growth of oxalate stones, leveling the acid-base balance and relieves inflammation of the mucous pelvis and urethra. It is necessary to drink this natural and very useful remedy (2 -3 spoons of honey for a glass of warmed milk) in the morning, on an empty stomach in small sips.

Clinical picture and symptoms

Oxalate urolithiasis has distinctive features of the structure, so the pathology is manifested by specific symptoms. It is precisely by the occurrence of characteristic manifestations that a pathology can be detected in a timely manner and proceeded to therapeutic measures.

Typical symptoms of oxalate stones are:

  1. Frequent urination,
  2. The presence of oxalate crystals in urine,
  3. Bloody impurities in urine, leading to a change in its hue,
  4. The presence of protein components and leukocytes in urine,
  5. Pain in the abdomen, radiating to the groin, lumbar region or genitals,
  6. Purulent impurities in the urine,
  7. Feeling constant fatigue.

In children up to the age of five, oxalic stone formation is often asymptomatic. Although it is possible the occurrence of acute painful attacks caused by renal colic.

Folk methods

Complex treatment of oxalates involves the use of phytotherapeutic agents. Such plants as peppermint and black elder, birch buds and leaves, violet and bearberry, nettle have an excellent therapeutic effect. The use of cucumber and pumpkin, squash juice provides stone breaking effect and help to remove oxalate stones.

Herbal preparations have an excellent diuretic effect, which usually contain herbs like bear ears, corn stigmas, bearberry and knotweed. But beet juice with oxalate origin of calculus is strictly contraindicated.

Drug therapy is based on an integrated approach. A positive outcome of therapy is provided by the appointment of drugs such as antimicrobial drugs, anti-inflammatory or stone-dissolving and stone-removing drugs. If the pathology is complicated by inflammatory lesions, it is additionally recommended to treat with sulfonamides or antibiotics.

In order to get rid of the stones, medications like Bllemarin, Cystone, Fitolysin and Canephron, magnesium-containing preparations and Asparkam are prescribed. For the analgesic effect Baralgin or No-shpa is applied. Vitamin therapy with components such as tocopherol, retinol and B-group vitamins is also recommended.

It is unacceptable to prescribe drugs on their own, mandatory medical supervision of treatment is necessary. Only a well-chosen course of therapy will effectively and without consequences get rid of stones in the urinary structures.

Oxalic acid calculus - oxalate kidney stones, their dissolution


According to statistics, five out of a hundred people suffer from kidney stones.

This unpleasant pathology is accompanied by urological diseases, as well as periodic painful sensations during urination and in a calm state.

Most often, the stones that are formed in the kidneys are formed from calcium compounds. Urolithiasis occurs as a result of metabolic disorders.

The cause of oxalate stones is excessive intake of oxalic acid. This type of calculus is the most common.

Treatment of oxalate kidney stones and their dissolution may take quite a long time - from two months or more.

Oxalate formations have a knobby, studded surface. Their size is 1-4 millimeters. The stone has a puff texture and is very dense.

Concretions can be detected by ultrasound, as well as on radiographs.

Oxalates are quite difficult to dissolve.

Also, their danger lies in the possible injury of tissues, which subsequently leads to bleeding.

The presence of damage can be determined by blood impurities in the urine.

The removal of kidney stones is achieved with the following medications:

  1. Asparkam. Available in tablet form. Increases the presence of potassium and magnesium ions in the blood. Potassium ions allow stones to dissolve easily and self-destruct with urine. Treatment with the drug is not more than three days once every hour and a half. Therapy can also cause side effects: abdominal pain, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure and others. The average price of the drug is about 100 rubles.
  2. Panangin. The drug affects the metabolism. The release of the drug is in the form of ampoules and dragee. Panangin is a more expensive analogue of Asparkam. Its cost is about 400 rubles.
  3. Cyston. The drug has diuretic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory functions. It is produced on the basis of medicinal herbs: Didimocarpus, stone-quarry, madder, straw-flower and others. The drug increases blood flow to the organs of the genitourinary system. Due to the effect of the drug in the composition of urine, the amount of oxalic acid and calcium compounds is reduced. Also contained in the silicon lime contributes to the lysis of kidney stones. For the treatment of urolithiasis, adults need to take two tablets after meals three times a day. Continue the reception should be until the stones from the body. Purchase of the drug will cost 800 rubles.
  4. Blemarin. This preparation allows you to establish an alkaline urine environment, necessary for the dissolution of oxalates, and also prevents their formation in the future. The release of Blémaren is carried out in the form of soluble tablets and powder. The drug is prescribed individually by a doctor after testing for pH. The cost of Blamaren is about 1,100 rubles.
  5. Spilled. It is a dietary supplement, based on herbs: cylindrical imperata, blackthorn, papaya, mulberry, kidney tea and others. It has anti-inflammatory, diuretic and antispasmodic properties. It can be used not only to dissolve concretions, but also to eliminate the manifestations of renal colic when stones are removed. The price varies within 500 rubles.
  6. Allopurinol. The drug prevents the formation of urates, which reduces the amount of uric acid in the urine and contributes to the lytosis of kidney stones. Available in tablets. The average cost is 90 rubles.
  7. Anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic drugs. Education in the kidney can irritate the walls of the body, which leads to the development of inflammation and pain. Such drugs as No-Shpa will help reduce pain.
  8. Antibiotic drugs. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed in cases where the body has an infection, provoked by the presence of calculi in the kidneys.
  9. Vitamins B-group. When urolithiasis is prescribed monthly intake.
  10. Retinol. Vitamin A is the most important vitamin in the body, participating in almost all internal processes. There is reason to believe that a lack of vitamins can provoke urolithiasis, so experts often prescribe a course of retinol. This drug should be taken under the supervision of a physician, since an overdose may adversely affect the functioning of the liver and cause disruptions in the body.
  11. Vitamin E. Also, the doctor may prescribe a complex of tocopherol, which must be taken within a month.

Reception of any medications must be coordinated with your doctor.

Not all oxalates are amenable to medical treatment. Some formations of large sizes can be eliminated only with the help of physiotherapeutic or operative methods.

Phosphate dissolution

Phosphates can form and increase in the body unnoticed for many months. This is due to the smoother structure of these stones.

Symptoms indicating the presence of phosphate in the kidneys can be:

  • swelling of limbs
  • bags under the eyes
  • lower back pain
  • problems with urine outflow,
  • temperature rise,
  • brittle nails,
  • hair loss,
  • unhealthy (pale or yellowish) complexion.

Such formations are most often found on radiography, so a visit to the urologist in the presence of such symptoms should not be postponed.

The following actions contribute to the dissolution of phosphates:

  1. Healthy exercise. Outdoor activities, running and walking contribute to the gradual dissolution and removal of small stones. However, in case of exacerbation of the disease, bed rest is recommended.
  2. Dieting. Diet for urolithiasis should exclude foods high in calcium: milk, cottage cheese, cheese, sesame, fish and others. Products that alkalize the excretory system (apricots, watermelons, berries, legumes, carrots, beets, etc.) should also be removed from the diet. The diet also regulates the drinking regime: the use of large amounts of mineral water is recommended.
  3. Acceptance of diuretic and analgesic drugs. Medicines will allow much faster withdrawal of education, as well as eliminate the unpleasant effects of treatment.

Phosphate prevention involves drinking about two liters of water daily.

Etiology of stones

The stones in question are formed by immune disorders. In this case, excessively concentrated urine is produced. Crystals appear in the renal structures, which are then transformed into oxalate stones. The reasons for the formation of calculus varied. Among the most common factors are:

  • genetic predisposition
  • disturbed exchange of oxalic acid in the body,
  • magnesium deficiency
  • damage to the urinary tract,
  • digestive tract surgery,
  • diabetes,
  • Crohn's pathology,
  • frequent experiences, stressful situations,
  • lack of vitamins B6 and C.

Signs of oxalaturia are detected in both acidic and alkaline reactions of urine. In many ways, their formation contribute to the peculiarities of nutrition. Proved that the concentration of oxalate increases dramatically when eating fruits, vegetables, in which there is oxalic acid or vitamin C.

The use of coffee and chocolate extremely adversely affect the condition of such patients. The fact is that such substances intensively remove calcium from the body. It accumulates in the urine. With oxalaturia, the risk of kidney stone formation increases dramatically.

Pathogenesis of the disease

Due to excessive intake of oxalic acid in the body or in case of metabolic disorders, its accumulation occurs in the urine. They also meet with calcium and synthesize oxalate crystals.

Normally, the urinary tract mucosa is not prone to the accumulation of salts on its surface.

But due to various circumstances (inflammation, the presence of too concentrated urine), oxalates enter the kidney cups, where plaques form.

There has been a gradual increase in their size and the formation of stones of the cup-pelvis-plating system. Sometimes plaques are not able to linger in the urinary tract, they are rejected and excreted with urine.

Oxalates resemble structures of indefinite form, dark brown or even black color. Their distinctive feature is the presence of thorns.They are very hard, with a rough surface.

Therefore, when they are present, bleeding often occurs: they injure the tissue of the urinary tract. If the stone is long formed, often causes bleeding, it becomes dark.

Light stones, as a rule, do not damage tissue.

Oxalates come in different sizes: from a few millimeters to 4–5 cm in diameter.

It is noted that the presence of infection in the body or water deficiency leads to the transformation of oxalates into coral structures that can occupy the entire cavity of the kidney.

In some cases, oxalates may be layered. A similar phenomenon occurs when mixing inorganic calcium salts with other inorganic minerals.

Process clinic

In the resulting oxalate structures, sharp edges, thorns and various processes are always present. They often cause serious bleeding due to tissue trauma. Therefore, they are considered the most dangerous of all kidney stones.

The most striking sign of damage to urinary tract tissue is the periodic appearance of hematuria (presence of blood in the urine). It is because of the blood that the characteristic color of these stones appears (almost all of them are dark).

When the first renal symptoms appear, it is important to consult a specialist for examination. This is the only way to get adequate and timely treatment, to prevent the development of complications. Disturbing signs of pathology in the kidney include:

  • oxalaturia
  • hematuria
  • lower abdominal tenderness
  • impurities of pus in the urine,
  • protein and leukocytes in urine,
  • frequent urination,
  • excessive tiredness
  • malaise.

In children, calculus may form asymptomatic. Only a sharp attack of renal colic will indicate a nephrological problem.

Diagnosis of the disease

The most characteristic changes are observed in the laboratory analysis of urine:

  • hyperoxalaturia,
  • microhematuria,
  • small proteinuria,
  • the presence in the urine of glyoxylic acid and glycolate,
  • mild tubular dysfunction,
  • the presence of markers of cell membrane instability,
  • increased crystal-forming ability of urine.

All these data can be obtained after the complete urinalysis. Therefore, this method is considered informative and accessible. In addition, during the study it is possible not only to confirm the diagnosis, but also to determine the chemical composition of the stones. For a comprehensive examination of patients with oxalate usually use other methods.

  • renal radiology,
  • Ultrasound,
  • scan of the urinary tract,
  • bacterial urine culture,
  • contrast methods
  • urography
  • hromotsistoskopiya.

Stone dissolution methods

Cure disease is difficult. Principles of dissolution of oxalate kidney stones do not yet exist. You can only crush them, but this is not always possible, because their density does not allow it. Large items can be removed surgically. If large oxalate is formed, experts recommend one of these surgeries:

  • endoscopic surgery
  • classical intervention in an open way.

A small stone can be crushed by ultrasound. In the same way remove all formed fragments. In the presence of microliths and sand, conservative therapies are usually used. It is important to completely clear the urinary tract and prevent recurrence of the pathology. How to remove oxalate stones from the kidneys? Conservative treatment involves several steps. Among them:

  • necessary water load to cleanse organs and systems of excessive amounts of salt (you need to drink 2 liters of fluid daily),
  • moderate exercise is an important way to remove sand and microliths from the body (jumping and running are best),
  • implementation of medical recommendations: drugs for oxalate excretion and normalization of metabolism are used according to certain schemes.

Often, all medicines are selected comprehensively. Most of them at the same time:

  • have an antimicrobial effect
  • relieve inflammation,
  • dissolve oxalates and remove them from the body.

Approximate scheme of therapy

Blamaren is used to maintain urine pH within acceptable limits. In addition, the drug has a number of other useful properties:

  • dissolves oxalates,
  • prevents their reappearance
  • prepares the body for surgery for the destruction of stones,
  • enhances the effectiveness of the operation.

  1. Canephron, Phytolysin, Cyston - remove excess uric acid from the body.
  2. Baralgin, No-Spa, Spazmalgon - a way to get rid of pain and discomfort.
  3. Vitamin preparations of group E, A, B6 - drugs that help prevent the formation of oxalate stones.
  4. Asparks and magnesium-containing agents are also included in the complex treatment of oxalate kidney stones.

Urolithiasis is a very terrible disease. Self-treatment is unacceptable because it can complicate the course of the disease.

Often, unauthorized therapy leads to premature transportation of oxalate stones through the urinary tract, which causes severe pain and bleeding.

How to dissolve oxalate kidney stones? The most gentle and sure tactic is to go to the clinic to crush the calculus into small fragments, making it easier for the body to remove residues.

How to dissolve the calculi? In the presence of nephrolithiasis, various pharmacological agents that affect the structure of stones are used. This allows in a short time to dissolve kidney stones.

Herbal therapy

It is possible to successfully dissolve the stones with the help of alternative medicine. It is proved that the removal of stones occurs under the influence of infusions and decoctions of medicinal plants, including:

  • a mixture of violet and bearberry,
  • nettle leaves,
  • birch leaves and buds,
  • black elderberry
  • the grass half fell,
  • peppermint.

Popular remedies for oxalate stones in the kidney are natural juices from cucumber, pumpkin or zucchini. Folk methods of dealing with calculus are various herbal and kidney teas with diuretic effects on the body. Stones do not dissolve from beet juice. Moreover, it is absolutely impossible to use it in oxalate pathology.

Dietary recommendations

The disturbed balance of oxalic acid will certainly cause disturbances in the work of the kidneys and adverse changes in their structure. To get rid of such risks, it is important to switch to a proper, balanced diet. It will help relieve the kidneys, restore them to some extent. Nephrology patients are recommended to eat:

  • low-fat boiled meat,
  • boiled eggs, sausages,
  • milk products,
  • still mineral water,
  • oils (creamy, vegetable),
  • wheat and rye bread,
  • pasta, most cereals,
  • nuts, fruits,
  • broth hips, fruit drinks, kvass.

Patients are strictly forbidden to eat:

  • pickles,
  • mushrooms,
  • canned food
  • smoked meat
  • spicy dishes
  • sweets,
  • strong, rich broths,
  • salty cheeses,
  • cocoa, coffee,
  • highly carbonated mineral water
  • offal.

Principles of proper nutrition:

  • increase calcium intake,
  • limit salt, sugar, animal products,
  • minimize the amount of oxalic acid in dishes,
  • ban on alcohol.

Surgical stone removal techniques

In a difficult case, open surgical treatment is prescribed. Indications for his appointment:

  • large stones
  • relapse
  • purulent pyelonephritis,
  • obesity,
  • curvature of the ribs.

Pre-patient prepared for surgery.He is prescribed antioxidants and blood circulation medications. Sometimes antibiotic treatment is carried out. If the patient has renal colic, kidney drainage is performed. Additionally, a full laboratory examination. General anesthesia is used for the operation.

Given the localization of the stone, the following operational methods can be carried out:

  • pyelolithotomy - if the stone is located in the pelvis, after its dissection the calculus is removed,
  • nephrolithotomy - removal of the calculus in its entirety (when large) through the kidney tissue,
  • ureterolithotomy - removal of calculus from the ureter.

A scalpel is used to make the incision. The area in which the stone is located is determined by palpation. Then the fabric is sewn.

During surgery, kidney bleeding or organ damage may occur. After surgical treatment, painkillers and antibiotics are prescribed.

After a few days, the drainage tube is removed. In the absence of complications, sutures are removed on day 10.

Oxalate stones, dissolution and excretion


Kidney disease is common. When the first symptoms of this disease occur, it is important to alert yourself and go for a consultation with a doctor. Neoplasms are diverse.

Oxalate compounds, phosphate formations, and urates are most common. Therapeutic procedures are designed to dissolve oxalate stones. These are complex actions that do not allow any self-treatment.

Unfortunately, if a patient ever found stones in himself, then this disease will be with him for the rest of his life. In women, kidney disease is less common than in men.

General information

Oxalate formations are concretions with a large number of tubercles. Due to the participation in their formation of calcium compounds, oxalates are layered. The size of such stones is small - 1 mm, or large - 40 mm. Cases where the calculus completely covered the renal lumen were documented.

Oxalates are dangerous for the mucous because the variety of their forms implies the presence of various sharp growths and spines. Being located in the kidney, these stones gradually move towards the bladder. This causes severe pain and trauma to the urinary tract. Associated with this is also one of the main signs of kidney disease - the presence of blood in the urine.

Therapy of such neoplasms is a long, multi-stage process that introduces significant changes in the patient's drinking and food regime. Unfortunately, scars are considered stones that are difficult to dissolve. Sometimes only surgical intervention helps to get rid.

There are standards for the content of oxalate compounds in the urine. They range from 20 mg to 40 mg. If a large amount of salts of oxalic acid is diagnosed, which is the basis, then we can talk about the pathological process.

Types of oxalate compounds:

The first step in the treatment of oxalate is the application of dietary recommendations, which are designed to reduce metabolic processes that contribute to the formation of stones.

Mineral water

Mineral waters with different acidity indicators are able to remove various compounds. There is neutral, acidic and alkaline water.

The choice of mineral water depends on the type of calculus:

  • Urate and oxlatano-calcium compounds are derived from alkaline mineral water. This is Borjomi, Yessentuki 17.
  • Phosphate kidney stones are treated with acidic waters.

The next step in the dissolution and removal of calculi is drug treatment.

Drug therapy

For patients who want to avoid surgery, the question of whether oxalate can be removed by medication is very serious.

The therapeutic approach, which involves the use of drugs, allows you to stop a further increase in the size of stones. For the dissolution of kidney stones use special tools that safely grind them.

Drug treatment gives a lasting effect while respecting the norms of taking tablets and solutions. This approach is quite effective, especially given that all other methods are distinguished by a large number of subtleties and special conditions.

A wide range of activity and high efficacy of drugs - the main reasons for the appointment of such therapy by a doctor. Independently prescribe drugs - it is forbidden, since there may be side effects and deterioration of the patient.

The standard approach for treating stones is medication:

Preparations leading to structural changes in oxalate calculi. The result of therapy can be considered gradually the dissolution of the tumor. Basic drugs:

Asparkam is designed to treat diseases of the cardiovascular system, but its action ensures the dissolution of stones. Asparkam contains potassium and magnesium aspartate. Dosing Asparkam recommended as follows: 1 tablet 3 times a day. The course of treatment is long. Under the control of tests and ultrasound. Aspark is not the only drug in this group. He has an analogue - Panangin.

Cystone is a natural Ayurvedic preparation that contains a set of plant extracts. Manufacturing country - India. Cystone has nephrolithic and antimicrobic effects. The course of treatment is long. Cystone promotes the excretion of not only oxalates, but also phosphates.

This tool reduces the amount of uric acid in the blood, which helps reduce the amount of mineral salts in the blood. The course of treatment is long. Under the control of blood and urine.

It is a combination of citric acid with 2 types of citrates. Under the action of this tool, the urine is alkalized. The use of this drug requires caution and constant monitoring of urine pH levels. Prolonged therapy with Blemaren can lead to the appearance of phosphate calculi.

A nutritional supplement that is based on several plant extracts. It has anti-inflammatory effect and gradually destroys calcium stones.

These drugs provide therapy for diseases that significantly weaken the patient's body.

  • Vitamin supplements.
  • Vitamins of group B. Conduct short courses for 10 days a month.
  • Vitamin A. Usually a month course.
  • Vitamin E. Therapy for several weeks.
  • Antispasmodics.

They are used to relieve severe pain associated with the possible movement of stones along the urinary tract.

In addition to pain relief, such means allow small stones to flow freely. It is not recommended to use drugs containing calcium in large quantities.

If drug therapy does not lead to significant success, then crushing is carried out.

If it is impossible to dissolve oxalate stones in the kidneys, or all therapeutic procedures have no effect, then resort to operational procedures.

  • Laser crushing.
  • Ultrasonic crushing.
  • Endoscopic surgery.

These methods are used to fight oxalate stones very often. Traditional medicine also helps to get rid of oxalates.

Folk recipes

The use of traditional medicine means a long and constant use of these tools. In any case, it is better to first consult a doctor.

Within 2 months in the morning drink a mixture of milk and honey. This method is considered reliable and soft. Folk remedy alternate with natural juices - cucumber, pumpkin, squash.

The composition of such phyto-means should include: madder dye, kalgan, lungfish, horsetail, birch buds, highlander. Prepare tea in a water bath. I give cool.Take 1 glass 3 times a day.

An excellent mono-agent with anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects.

Conclusion

Before dissolving kidney stones, it is imperative that you consult with your doctor, since independent actions can lead to the closure of the ureter with a stone and cause a serious pathological condition. To dissolve kidney stones, treatment implies the availability of an information base with a physician in order to properly operate therapeutic procedures.

Attention to detail, adherence to dietary regimens, properly selected drug therapy gives good results.

Watch the video: Kidney stones Symptoms, treatment and prevention (October 2019).

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