Dysbacteriosis is an unpleasant disease that almost everyone has had to face. Especially often this disease is present in infants and adults with nutritional disorders. A drug for dysbacteriosis - which one is better - is a matter of concern to many parents, especially since in modern medicine the choice of such remedies is presented quite widely.
Dysbacteriosis, general idea
By dysbacteriosis imply an imbalance between healthy and harmful microflora for the body, resulting in disruptions in the digestive process.
For a healthy intestine is characterized by the predominance of beneficial microorganisms in it. However, under the influence of some factors, failures may occur, as a result of which the number of pathogenic microflora begins to predominate. Such a pathological condition can occur at any age, but still more vulnerable in this regard are infant babies.
The bowel of a newborn at birth is sterile. Already during the passage through the birth canal the child is confronted with various kinds of microorganisms. It is at these moments that its intestinal section is colonized by the first microorganisms. Already after a few days, the beneficial bacteria that the child has just received multiply, reach the required amount, and the pathogenic microorganisms are replaced by them. The chair returns to normal, and the number of regurgitation decreases.
The microflora of the infant finally stabilizes in a month.
The causes of dysbiosis
You may encounter dysbacteriosis as a result of the following reasons:
- Uncontrolled intake of antibiotics, as a result of which beneficial bacteria are destroyed, and the normal functioning of the intestine is disturbed,
- Deferred intestinal diseases,
- Surgery on the stomach and intestines,
- Pathologies of the digestive and mucous organs,
- An ulcer or cholelithiasis (read about its causes here),
- Eating disorders can also lead to malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract,
- General decrease in the immunity of the body.
Important! All these facts can lead to the fact that the composition of intestinal microorganisms will change significantly. And this is a direct road to the development of dysbiosis.
This unpleasant pathology can be prevented and cured. Will help in this effective means of dysbiosis.
Symptoms of dysbiosis
A number of symptoms are characteristic of intestinal dysbiosis. Among the most frequent are:
- As a result of the fact that putrefactive processes predominate, food is not digested, meteorism develops, nausea, it does not smell very pleasantly from the mouth,
- As a result of violations of immunomodulatory functions of the intestine, the patient develops weakness, allergies,
- Due to disorders of the digestive and absorption processes, the development of constipation and diarrhea is not excluded, which alternate with each other,
- The hypovitaminosis develops, toxic defeats are shown. As a result, the patient will stop drowsy, irritable, plunges into a state of depression.
Until now, intestinal dysbiosis in the adult population is not recognized by official medicine as an independent disease. Nevertheless, there are some pharmaceutical preparations that are designed to treat an unpleasant illness. Usually these drugs are not aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease. They are only able to alleviate the patient’s condition for a while.
Treatment in adults of dysbiosis is determined by the degree of severity characteristic of the pathology.
Therapy is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- First you need to establish to determine the cause that led to disorders in the digestive system. The reasons that can lead to failures in the balance of microflora are many, they have already been mentioned above. Treatment must be structured in such a way that, in the first place, primary sources provoking pathology are eliminated.
- Take care of stopping the main symptoms of the disease and adjust the daily diet. Thanks to this, it will be possible to ensure that the ratio of natural and harmful microflora normalizes and becomes correct. The main role in this process belongs to the diet.
- To correct the bacterial composition of the intestinal section, you can use special preparations that can eliminate the problem. We are talking about probiotics, prebiotics, bacteriophages and intestinal antiseptics.
- To consolidate the result, the patient is recommended for some time to take immunomodulators.
In addition to medical drugs, there are also folk remedies, but they must be applied carefully, having determined the cause of dysbiosis.
Groups of drugs aimed at the treatment of dysbiosis
Depending on what the initial picture of intestinal microflora disorders is, the doctor is determined with the appointment of appropriate groups of drugs.
Means of this group are rich in the maintenance of beneficial microflora.
The basis of the classification of dosage forms of this group are microbes, meaning in their composition.
- Drugs based on lactobacilli can be purchased in the form of tablets, suppositories, powder. The combination of these drugs and antibiotics is wonderful. But if we are talking about dysbacteriosis of severe forms, then such drugs will not help, due to the fact that their action is unidirectional.
- Preparations based on bifidobacteria are found in different forms. However, pills and rectal suppositories in children who are under 3 years old are undesirable.
- Combination products contain both lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Hence, the impact that these drugs have is most pronounced. Thanks to these drugs can cope with any manifestations of dysbiosis.
The peculiarity of these forms lies in the fact that they enter the gastrointestinal tract with food lumps and start the reproduction of the natural microflora of the intestinal section. Dosage forms are not absorbed, after a certain time out of the body.
These include lactulose, fructose, inulin, galactose, etc. On sale prebiotics are purchased as Duphalac, Prebiot, Normase. Thanks to these means it is possible not only to take care of restoring the microbial balance, but also to solve the problem with constipation.
The peculiarity of these drugs is that they are inexpensive.
They are viruses that are inserted into the genome of bacteria in order to disrupt their synthesis. The result of this action is the death of the microbe. It is allowed to use such therapy both independently and in combination with antibiotics.
The essence of the action of these dosage forms is that pathogenic colonies are suppressed. The components of the product are not absorbed by the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract and are not able to affect the beneficial microflora. Among the antiseptics, this group is distinguished: Ersefuril, Dependal-M, Sumetrolim.
The doctor prescribes these drugs only after the results of bacteriological examination of feces are obtained. It is necessary to choose them taking into account what type of pathogenic microorganisms prevails. Allowed the appointment of Amoxicillin, Ftalazol, Azithromycin, Levomycetin, Amikacin, Polymyxin, etc.
To take drugs that stimulate the strengthening of the immune system is necessary in order to restore impaired local immunity, which in the case of violations of the intestinal microflora takes place.
Thanks to such drugs, it is possible to restore the natural composition of the intestines in the shortest time. For these purposes, medicines prepared from natural plant extracts are used.
Vitamins A, D, E, K are distinguished by the ability of lipid solubility; therefore, when it comes to the development of dysbacteriosis, their absorption occurs with impairments. To fill the missing substances, you should include in the diet of vitamin complexes, for example, Complivit, Elevit.
The most famous drugs to combat dysbiosis
The most effective the following drugs:
- Lactobacterin - a probiotic, which included acidophilic lactobacilli,
- Bifidumbacterin is a probiotic containing bifdobacteria. To use this tool is unacceptable with medicines of antibacterial etiology. Presented tablet form.
- Linex is a probiotic containing lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, enterococci.
- Floritin Forte is a combination medicine that contains natural microorganisms and is used to eliminate such diseases as dysbacteriosis. This tool is allowed for use in children under one year and even in newborn babies. It is given to babies after prior dissolution in breast milk.
- Duphalac with active active ingredient lactulose. Due to the fact that contraindications are completely absent, this drug can be used during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. Duphalac helps to normalize the intestinal biocenosis and eliminate constipation.
- Khilak Forte is a combination medicine endowed with natural microflora and lactic acid. The dosage form is able to restore the natural pH level.
- Atsipol - a drug that normalizes the intestinal microflora. In addition to lactobacilli, representatives of the genus of fungi are noted in its composition. You can give to children from 3 months.
- Enterosgel - dosage form adsorbing toxins, harmful components. The drug is not absorbed, so after 12 hours it is eliminated from the body.
The range of drugs aimed at the treatment of dysbiosis in both adults and children is quite wide. Reviews of each of them are positive. But before giving preference to one or another tool, you must seek the advice of a specialist. The doctor, after carrying out the necessary examination, will prescribe the best means to eliminate the unpleasant illness.
Tablets for dysbiosis
Tablets for the treatment of dysbacteriosis can be divided into two main groups - antibacterial (eliminate the main cause of the disease - pathogenic microorganisms) and probiotic (contribute to the reproduction of the intestinal flora, increase immunity).
The cause of dysbiosis can be Escherichia coli, entorococcal, staphylococcal, candidomycosis and other infections. The common drugs used in drug treatment are Levomycetinum, Streptomycin, Nystatin, Intetrix, Pyfamucin, Furazolin, and Enteroseptol.
The doctor can prescribe drugs for the treatment of dysbacteriosis only after bacterial seeding and determining the sensitivity of the causative agent to the chosen remedy.
Drugs that increase immunity, normalize the microflora and eliminate the negative symptoms of dysbiosis:
Sorbents. Polypefan, activated carbon, Pepidol - sorbent preparations that bind toxic substances and prevent the spread of putrefactive processes in the intestine. Used in the first stage of treatment of dysbiosis.
BS from live strains. Bifikol, Baktusubtil, Enterol, Kolibakterin – are used in the first and second stages of dysbacteriosis, made on the basis of microorganisms that form normal intestinal flora.
Prebiotics. Dufalak, Normaz, Khilak-Forte belong to the group of prebiotics, which do not contain strains of microorganisms, but create favorable conditions for the development of beneficial microorganisms, can be used at any stage of treatment of dysbacteriosis.
Probiotics. Bifidumbacterin, Linex, Narine, Lactobacterin, Bifiform - probiotics, which represent an extensive group of agents used to treat dysbacteriosis of any stage. They contain live strains of beneficial bacteria that normalize the intestinal microflora and inhibit pathological microorganisms.
Enzymes Mezim-Forte, Polizim, Digestal, Panzinorm-Forte belong to the group of enzymes that require the normalization of digestive processes, the digestion of food and the absorption of beneficial components in the stomach and intestines.
Immunomodulators Levomizol, Dekaris relate to immunomodulators, contribute to the normalization of the local immunity of the gastrointestinal tract, are used in the final stages of treatment to consolidate positive results.
Motor function reducers. Duspalatin, Trimedat, Meteospazmil, Immudon - these drugs restore normal intestinal motility, which helps to eliminate symptoms such as diarrhea, bloating, flatulence.
Stimulants of the intestinal epithelium. Essentiale and other drugs that stimulate intestinal epithelial cells help to get rid of intestinal colic.
7 best drugs for dysbiosis
The appearance of a wide variety of dysbacteriosis remedies is due to different criteria for evaluating their effectiveness, which makes it difficult to find one best medicine.
Consider several well-known drugs for these criteria:
Lactobacterin is available in the form of tablets and powder - it does not have a capsule shell, it is not used for candidiasis or hypersensitivity, allergic reactions are possible as a side effect, can be taken together with an antibiotic, there are no contraindications for pregnant women, be sure to store in the refrigerator.
Acylact (suspension, pills), is contraindicated in candidiasis, allergy to the drug is possible, simultaneous administration with antibiotics is allowed, pregnant women are prescribed by a doctor, contraindicated to children under 3 years old, stored in the refrigerator for up to 12 months.
BioBacton - in capsules is not produced, it is prohibited in case of candidiasis, there is a possibility of an allergic reaction, it is compatible with antibiotics, suitable for children, stored in the refrigerator.
BifidumBacterin is a powder and solution in ampoules, canceled if hypersensitivity or candidiasis is detected, incompatible with antibiotics, children are prescribed from the age of 3, pregnant and lactating mothers are indicated only, and are stored in the refrigerator.
Probifor - without a capsular shell, without contraindications, without side effects, compatible with antibiotics, it is possible to regularly use the product during pregnancy and lactation, suitable for children over six months, stored in the refrigerator.
Hilak forte - capsular shell is not, as well as contraindications and side effects, can be taken with antibiotics, during pregnancy and in the lactation period, universal for any age, stored at a temperature less than 10 ° C.
Linex - is available in a capsule shell, has no contraindications and no side effects, can act in parallel with antibiotics, without age restrictions, can be stored in a dry room with an air temperature not exceeding 25 ° C.
Lactic acid bacterial probiotics
There are tablets and powder form of drugs in this group. The first is Lactobacterin, the second is Biobacton and Acilact. Acylact is also available in the form of suppositories, which is considered safer to use, since it does not inhibit beneficial microorganisms that live in the intestines.The above remedies can be taken together with antibacterial drugs, but they are not suitable as the only means of treating complex dysbacteriosis, as they are monodrugs, that is, contain a therapeutic substance of the same type.
Bifidobacteria based probiotics
Probiotic preparations based on bifidobacteria have various forms of release and are among the very first means of treating dysbacteriosis. So, they distinguish the tablet form (Bifidobacterin Forte) and the powder form (Probifor) of drugs. There are contraindications for the use of suppositories and tablets with bifodobakterijami children younger than three years old, also drugs in this group are not combined with antibiotics.
Probiotics - a combination of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli
This type includes powdered probiotic Florin Forte, suitable for children from infancy and adults. For infants the drug is mixed in the proportions indicated by the doctor with the formula for feeding or breast milk, older children and adults take the drug with food. Florin Forte requires special storage conditions that are easily observed in the refrigerator: 0 - 10 ° C. Some antibiotics can worsen or change the work of Florin, therefore, for the simultaneous use of these drugs, you should consult a doctor who will help you choose an effective combination of drugs.
Analogue of Florin Forte on the composition of the bacteria is Linex.
Compared with the first drug, it has undeniable advantages:
Additional enterococcus in the composition of the drug enhances the complex effect,
No special requirements for storage conditions
Easily combined with other antibiotics,
It has no contraindications for use by pregnant and nursing mothers.
It has no contraindications for age - babies do not have to mix the agent in milk, but you can simply dissolve the contents of the capsule in warm water.
Probiotics with bifidobacteria and lactobacilli can be dangerous for immunocompromised patients or excessive allergic sensitivity. If you have these health defects, you need to consult a doctor for correct dose calculation and the ability to take probiotics.
It is known that simple, quickly digestible carbohydrates are the main resource for the development of pathogenic intestinal microflora. Lactulose prebiotics contain a special enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates to organic acids, which inhibit the development of microbes and reduce pressure.
Known drugs from this group:
Preparations of prebiotic composition
To maintain and restore the balance of intestinal microflora invented drugs with a light acid and fatty acids, which contribute to the regeneration of natural microflora. Hilak Forte, for example, helps to strictly observe the balance of electrolytes and restore epithelial cells of the intestinal mucosa. Lactobacteria in its composition emit lactic acid, which regulates acidity, favorable for the development of beneficial microflora.
Candles for dysbiosis
Drug treatment of dysbacteriosis is carried out not only with drugs in the form of capsules and tablets, but also in the form of suppositories, which differ in composition (antibiotics, probiotics) and method of use (vaginal, rectal). The advantages of this dosage form of funds include local exposure, which allows you to normalize the microflora locally, without affecting the entire body in general.
Vaginal suppositories are used to treat bacterial vaginosis in women, and to restore normal vaginal microflora.
Polygynax, Terzhinan, Betadine - antibacterial suppressors inhibit the development of pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria and fungi), prevent trichomoniasis and other infections.A contraindication for use is pregnancy, especially in the later periods.
Labilakt, Atsilakt, Vagilact, Ginoflor - candles with a probiotic complex, which make up lactobacteria, bifidobacteria, as well as estriol, lactose and other ingredients. These drugs restore the normal microflora of the vagina after treatment with antibiotics, with excessive reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms due to hormonal imbalance, with a weakened immune system, diabetes mellitus and thrush.
Rectal suppositories restore the normal intestinal microflora in adults and children, there are two groups of agents - antibacterial and probiotic.
Apis, Kipferon, Prostotopin, Anuzol, Nilegan, Genferon, Levomycetin, Procto, Viferon - antibacterial, antimycotic rectal suppositories contain local antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal agents, glucocorticosteroids can be included in their composition, which prevents inflammation of the intestinal walls. The local method of using suppositories eliminates the side effects, while maintaining maximum effectiveness of the drug for dysbacteriosis of any complexity. However, rectal antibacterial suppositories cannot be used during pregnancy.
Bifinorm, Lactonorm, Lactobacterin, Bifidumbacterin - candles with a probiotic complex that supply the intestines with beneficial microorganisms, restoring its normal microflora. The use of probiotics in the form of suppositories is more effective than in the form of tablets or capsules, since lacto-and bifidobacteria are not destroyed during the passage of the gastrointestinal tract, and are immediately delivered to their habitat.
The use of tablets for intestinal dysbiosis during pregnancy
Since the pills that restore the normal symbiosis of intestinal microorganisms contain the natural beneficial components of its microflora, their use by pregnant and lactating women is considered safe. However, the use of these drugs is recommended only on prescription.
Probiotic, restoring the normal intestinal biocenosis. Active bifidobacterium bifidumbacterin restores the natural ratio of microorganisms in the intestine.
The use of the drug normalizes the functions of the stomach, stimulates the digestive process, the synthesis and absorption of vitamins and minerals, increases the immune barrier. This drug prevents an increase in the number of pathogens in the gastroduodenal zone.
It is used as a means of preventing disorders of the intestinal biocenosis in infants fed infant formula or donor milk.
Packaging forms - vials, ampoules, packaged powders, capsules and candles. The packaging unit contains 5 doses of live microorganism strains.
The vials and ampoules contain strains of active bifidobacteria dehydrated by the lyophilic method in the culture medium, and the powders are purified from the substance in which they were cultivated. Dry bacteria quickly come to life, falling into a liquid nutrient substance.
The capsules contain bifidumbacterin forte, the bacteria of which are immobilized with the help of activated carbon from fruit pits. Once in the stomach, immobile bacteria form colonies on the mucous membrane, which accelerates the restoration of intestinal microflora.
Bifidumbacterin forte is also supplied in packaged form.
Contraindications to the use are reduced lactase activity in children and hypersensitivity to the components of this tool. Cases of unwanted adverse reactions to the use of recommended doses of bifidumbacterin are not known.
Dosing and Administration Bifidumbacterin:
For infants, the drug is diluted in milk formula or breast milk and consumed during feeding.
For patients older than 1 year old, bifidumbacterin is stirred with a quarter cup of boiled drinking water or a fermented milk drink, it is allowed to mix with liquid, not hot food. It is necessary to take the mixture immediately, without waiting for the dissolution. Drink half an hour before meals, but if necessary - at any time.
- Children from the first days of life up to 0.5 years - in the initial 2-3 days of treatment, one bottle 2-3 times a day, then the number of doses is increased to 4 or 6 times,
- Children 0.5–2 years old - one bottle 3-4 times a day,
- Children 3-7 years old - one bottle 3-5 times a day,
- Children from 7 years and adults - you can assign two bottles 3-4 times a day.
The duration of treatment therapy is from three weeks to one month, with acute forms of intestinal disorders - 5-7 days. A month later, the course of treatment can be repeated if necessary.
- Children from the first days of life up to 0.5 years - one bottle once a day,
- Children 0.5–2 years old - one bottle 1-2 times a day,
- Children from 3 years old and adults - two bottles 1-2 times a day.
The duration of preventive therapy is from two to three weeks.
With rectal administration, bifidumbacterin suppositories are administered three times a day, 1-2 items each, combining with its oral administration.
The duration of therapy for chronic intestinal dysfunctions is 0.5–1 months, for acute patients it is from 7 to 10 days.
Information about the effects of overdose available.
May be used in conjunction with antibiotics, hormonal drugs, npvs, with chemotherapy.
The shelf life is no more than a year in a dry room, observing the temperature regime not higher than 10 ° C (at room temperature - no more than 10 days).
Probiotic. Forms the environment in the intestine, contributing to the improvement of its microflora. This is the lyophilized dehydrated mass of active lactobacilli (lactobacillus plantarum or lactobacillus fermentum). They break down carbohydrates with the creation of lactic acid, a strong antiseptic that prevents the increase in the number of pathogens (dysenteric, enteropathogenic bacillus, salmonella) and conditionally pathogenic microbes. Lactobacterin is functionally adapted for the organism, since Lactobacilli - components of the healthy intestinal biocenosis.
Contraindications and side effects are not known.
Lactobacterin packaging forms - ampoules, capsules, tablets containing lactobacillus lyophilisate, not purified from the growing medium. Ampoules contain three (five) doses, and tablets and capsules - one dose.
Swallow the entire dose of the drug for an hour before meals, drink, if possible, with milk. Treatment with lactobacterin is desirable to combine with taking vitamins.
Recommended daily doses:
- Children from the first days of life up to 0.5 years - one or two doses,
- Children from 0.5 to 1 year old - two or three doses,
- From 1 to 3 years - three or four doses,
- More than 3 years - from four to ten doses,
- 8 years and older - from six to ten doses.
The daily dose can be divided into 2-3 doses.
- Prolonged bowel dysfunction of various etiologies - from four to six weeks,
- Colitis and enterocolitis - from one and a half to two months,
- Dysbacteriosis of various etiologies - from three to four weeks.
Interactions with other drugs - does not prevent the reception of antibiotics.
Store for one year, keeping the temperature regime no more than 10 ° c, in a dry, dark place.
Probiotic, the action of which is similar to previous drugs.
It is advisable not to apply in cases of non-specific and specific colitis. Adverse reactions - there is a possibility of mild digestive disorders.
Available in powder, crystalline or porous, packaged in vials of two, three and five doses, from which a suspension is prepared for oral administration. Lyophilisate of active bifidobacteria (bifidobacterium bifidum) and intestinal bacilli (escherichia coli).
Take orally for half an hour before meals twice a day. Right before use, one dose of powder is diluted in 5 ml of boiled water at room temperature. Patients with increased acid production before taking the suspension for 10 minutes, it is desirable to drink ½ cup of mineral water "Essentuki No. 17", "Essentuki No. 14", "Borjomi" or soda solution in the ratio - 5 g of soda per 200 ml of water.
Dosage means from intestinal dysbiosis bificol:
- Children 0.5–1 year - one dose,
- Children 1–3 years old - from two to five doses,
- Older than 3 years - from three to five doses twice a day.
The duration of therapy corresponds to the clinical form and severity of the disease. The course of treatment of acute conditions - two weeks or more. In cases of prolonged disruption of the bowels and post-dysteric colitis - from 4 to 6 weeks. Treatment of chronic colitis, ulcerative colitis, enterocolitis lasts from one and a half to three months. The duration of the recovery period after chemotherapy is from three weeks to a month. Repeat if the need arises, the course of therapy is possible not earlier than in two months. Maintenance therapy in the form of receiving ½ the age of the daily dose of the drug is carried out from one to one and a half months.
In cases of overdose, there is the likelihood of a slight indigestion.
It is not used simultaneously with antibiotics and during chemotherapy.
Store for one year at a temperature not exceeding 10 ° c. Keep out of the reach of children. Ready suspension is not subject to storage.
Probiotic, the active components of which are bifidobacteria and enterococci, which have a high level of resistance to antimicrobial agents. Available in capsules, the shell of which is not soluble in gastric juice. Once in the intestine, the capsules dissolve, the active elements bifiform colonize its divisions and begin to synthesize acetic and lactic acid. This leads to the death of pathogenic microorganisms.
It is used similarly to previous drugs, as well as for diarrhea of unknown etiology, low lactase level, digestive disorders.
The drug is not prescribed for hypersensitivity to the additional components of the drug (glucose, yeast extract, syrup of carob beans, magnesium stearate, dry lactulose, titanium dioxide, polyethylene glycol, soybean oil, acetyl monoglycerides).
Side effects from taking this medication are not described.
Bifiform capsules for intestinal dysbacteriosis are taken orally.
In the morning and evening, regardless of the meal, swallow the capsules whole, drinking plenty of water. Babies are given the drug in the morning.
- Children from two to six months - ½ capsule,
- Children 0.5–2 years old - 1 capsule,
- Older than two years - 1 capsule.
A day can take no more than four capsules. The duration of treatment ranges from ten days to three weeks, with gastroduodenal disorders, which is accompanied by acute diarrhea - two or three days.
Preventing travelers' diarrhea - one capsule twice a day.
For use from the first days of a child’s life, a powder is produced (in its formula, bifidobacteria and streptococci). From it you can prepare an oil solution or suspension. Oral administration - once a day, one dose. The duration of therapy is from 10 to 20 days.
Cases of overdose are not known.
Can be combined with other drugs, including With antibiotics.
Bifiform and bifiform baby store two years in a dry place protected from light, subject to a temperature regime of not more than 15 ° c. Ready suspension bifiform baby keep two weeks.
Probiotic, the active components of which are strains of lactobacillus acidophillus, bifidobacterium infantis, streptococcus faecium. It is used to improve and stabilize the intestinal biocenosis.
Contraindications to use - hypersensitivity to the additional components of Linex and dairy products.
Side effects from taking this drug are not described.
Capsules Linex take orally three times a day with food, while taking into account that it can not be consumed with hot drinks.
- From birth to two years - one capsule,
- From two to 12 years old - one or two capsules,
- Over 12 years old - two capsules.
If it is impossible to swallow the capsule whole, you need to mix its contents with one teaspoon of liquid. Mix to use immediately.
The duration of treatment is interrelated with the cause and severity of the disease, usually the capsules Linex use to achieve a satisfactory effect. If diarrhea does not stop within two days, is accompanied by fever, traces of blood or mucus in the feces, acute abdominal pain, it is urgent to consult a doctor. When diarrhea, it is necessary to restore the liquid – electrolyte balance.
Data overdose available.
Use with drugs for chemotherapy and antimicrobials is allowed. To enhance the effectiveness of Linex, it is advisable to take it three hours after chemotherapy or taking antibacterial drugs.
Significant interactions of this tool with other drugs have not been identified. Not compatible with alcohol.
Store for one year, observing temperature conditions no more than 25 ° c in a dry room.
Enterol has antidiarrheal, antiparasitic, antifungal and healing intestinal microflora action. The active ingredient of the drug is the lyophilisate of saccharomyces boulardii yeast bacteria - antagonists of clostridia, Klebsiella, pyocyanic sticks, Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Staphylococcus aureus, fungus of the genus Candida, cholera vibrio, aphoropropy, aphoropropy, aphoropros, and aphoropropy, aphoropros, aphoropros, aphoropros, aphoropros, aphoropros, aphoropros, and aphorus aryrs, aphorus, aus, and aphorus aryrs, aryrs, aphropros, aphrophocytes, aphrocytes, aphrocytes, aphrocytes, aphrosis, aphrosis, aphrocytes, aphrosis, aphrosis, aphrocytes, aphrosis, aphros, aphrocytes, aphrocytes, rotavirus tuberculosis, fungi, Candida, cholera vibrio, chickens, and aus. It protects the intestinal microflora, inhibiting the development of colonies of pathogenic microbes and fungi and maintaining the natural superiority of beneficial microorganisms.
Neutralizes enterotoxins, it is especially effective against intoxication with waste products of clostridia.
It promotes the production of immunoglobulins, in particular the iga, that exterminates pathogenic bacteria in the intestinal sections before being absorbed into the blood. Increases the local immune barrier of the mucous membranes of the small and large intestines. It activates the processes of cellular nutrition of the intestine. It promotes the breakdown of carbohydrates by stimulating the activity of enzymes of the small intestine.
Available in the form of capsules and packaged powder. The packaging unit contains 250mg of active ingredient.
Official data on the study of the use of enterol during pregnancy and lactation are not available.
Contraindications to the use of recommended doses of medication have not been established.
Side effects in the form of minor allergic reactions and discomfort in the epigastric region, not leading to the cancellation of the drug.
It is taken orally after a meal at 250-500 mg once or twice a day. Swallow the capsules whole with water at room temperature. Pour the powder into a glass of water, stir and drink.
Data overdose available.
Perhaps simultaneous use with antibiotics. Taking it in conjunction with other antifungal oral agents reduces the effect of enterol.
Store for three years, observing temperature conditions not exceeding 25 ° c.
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Probiotic with active ingredient - lyophilized spores of bacteria bacillus cereus ip 5832. It has antimicrobial and antidiarrheal efficiency. It counteracts the growth and reproduction of pathogens in the intestines, restores the natural balance of its biocenosis.
Gastric juice does not destroy the membrane of spores of bacillus cereus ip 5832. The activation process followed by germination into vegetative cells takes place in the intestine.
Available in capsules.
Official data on the study of the use of baktisubtil during pregnancy and lactation are absent.
Not prescribed for primary immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity to the components of the capsules.
Information about adverse side effects of reception is absent.
It is taken orally one hour before meals in dosages:
- Children over three years old - from three to six capsules per day,
- Over 14 years old - from four to eight per day.
The duration of treatment from seven to ten days.
If it is impossible to swallow, the contents of the capsule can be mixed with a liquid at room temperature.
Store for three years in a dry, dark place, observing temperature conditions no more than 25 ° c. Keep out of the reach of children.
Probiotic with the active component - lyophilized strains of live bacteria bacillus subtilis 3n. It has a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Inhibits the growth and reproduction of pathogens in the intestinal lumen.
Bacteria getting into the stomach, secrete enzymes that accelerate and normalize the processes of digestion and assimilation of food, free the gastroduodenal zone from microorganisms that are not typical for it, stabilizing the ecological system of the intestine.
Available in powder form, packaged in ampoules. The contents of one ampoule corresponds to a single dose of the drug.
There are no contraindications for use. Possible side effects as a result of taking bactisporine - increased body temperature, skin rash. If you have a history of drug allergies prescribed with caution.
How to use: open the ampoule, dissolve its contents in 10ml of cool boiled water. Drink twice a day orally before eating for 30-40 minutes (babies - just before feeding).
Therapeutic dosages for children from 1 month to 1 year - half the contents of the ampoule, over 1 year old - one ampoule each.
The duration of therapy for acute intestinal infections - from five to seven days, with dysbiosis, allergic dermatosis - from ten days to two weeks.
Therapeutic dosages for adults with acute intestinal infections - one or two ampoules for 5-7 days, with dysbiosis, allergic dermatosis - one ampoule from ten days to three weeks.
Data on overdose and interaction with other drugs are not available. May be used with any drugs.
Store for three years in a dry place, observing the temperature regime of 2–8 ° c.
A probiotic in which the active acidophilic lactobacilli of the strains nk1, nk2, nk5, nk12 are dehydrated by the lyophilic method, and the polysaccharides of kefir fungi killed by high temperatures. Acipol inhibits the action of pathogens of gastrointestinal infections, resists the formation of putrefactive processes in the intestine This occurs through the formation of conditions that are not suitable for the development of pathogens.
Lactobacilli support the production of fatty acids in the intestinal tract, which leads to an increase in the acidity of its environment. The acidic environment promotes the regression of pathogenic bacteria and fungi, improves the motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract (food stagnation is eliminated) and accelerates the process of removing ammonia, which contributes to the detoxification of the body.
Atsipol stimulates the production of vitamins of group b, vitamin k, other natural biologically functional substances, absorption of nutrients, normalizes the metabolism of cholesterol and bilirubin, boosts immunity.
It is not prescribed if the patient has a history of hypersensitivity to the components of acipol. Side effects are not known.
Available in capsules. They are desirable to be swallowed entirely, washing down with water in sufficient volume. Children under 1 year old - dissolve the contents of the capsule in a small volume of water or milk.
- Children from 3 months to 3 years - one capsule two or three times daily with meals,
- Children older than 3 years and adults - one capsule three or four times daily 30 minutes before meals.
Preventive dosage - one capsule daily for ten to 15 days.
The duration of treatment of intestinal infections with atsipol is at least eight to ten days. The course of therapy, if necessary, can be repeated a month later.
There is no information about the negative effects of exceeding the recommended doses of acipol and its interaction with various drugs. It is possible to combine with taking any drugs.
Store for two years, observing temperature conditions of 2–10 ° c.
The probiotic, whose active ingredients are lyophilisate of live bifidobacteria (bifidobacterium bifidum), lysozyme (an enzyme of the hydrolase class), has antimicrobial properties, affects the normalization of the ratio of beneficial and pathogenic components of the intestinal microbiocenosis. The drug acts similar to the above.
Adding lysozyme to bifidobacteria enhances the antimicrobial effect of the drug due to its ability to destroy the cell walls of bacteria. Lysozyme has anti-inflammatory and metabolic effects, normalizes the level of red blood cells, activates the growth and reproduction of bifidobacteria.
Bifiliz contributes to a radical cure of intestinal diseases, preventing them from becoming chronic.
Not assigned to patients with egg protein sensitivity.
Side effects of the application are not known.
It is produced in the form of powder, packaged in vials, and rectal suppositories. One filling unit contains five doses of the drug substance.
Open the bottle, fill the contents with water at room temperature, close the lid and shake. The solution is taken orally for half an hour before meals. In children's practice, you can eat with food or immediately before a meal. A daily dose of two or three bottles is usually prescribed.
Acute forms of intestinal dysfunctions are treated for five to ten days. Probably longer treatment up to 20 days.
Dosage for the prevention of dysbiosis - two bottles daily for ten days. Children up to 3 months at a time, you can assign half the contents of the bottle. You can repeat the course of treatment, taking a break of 8-12 weeks.
Rectal candles free from the shell before use. The patient is cleaning the intestines.
Intestinal infection therapy involves the use of three to six rectal suppositories daily. For acute infectious diseases of the intestine, the course of treatment lasts from a week to ten days. In chronic diseases, as well as in dysbiosis, the duration of treatment is from ten days to two weeks.
Longer courses are also possible.
With the joint use of rectal and oral release form two – three suppositories and two – three bottles daily. The duration of treatment is from two to three weeks.
Children - two or three suppositories daily during the week.
There is no data on overdose.
Interaction with other drugs is not revealed. Perhaps combined use with antibiotics, sulfonamides, antiviral drugs, immunomodulators.
Store for one year, keeping the temperature regime of 2–10 ° c.
Not a drug. The active substance is a lyophilized bifidobacterium bifidobacterium adolescentis. It has the ability to maintain a normal balance of intestinal microflora.
The high-tech manufacturing process of capsule manufacturing guarantees the bacteria excellent assimilation in the intestines. The biopolymer shell of the capsule protects the contents from aggressive gastric environment, breaking down in the intestinal sections. The basis of microcapsules are fructooligosaccharides. This is a natural nutritional substance for bifidobacteria. Its presence during the activation of bacteria in the intestine ensures their activity, accelerates reproduction and significantly increases the efficiency of the correction of the state of the intestinal microbiocenosis.
Available in 0.6 g capsules.
It is not used in case of individual intolerance of the components of a biologically active additive.
Dosage and administration: Adults take one capsule two to three times daily with meals.
Cases of overdose are not known.
Store for one year, keeping the temperature regime of 2–4 ° c.
It is not a drug. The active component is the bacteria enterococcus faecium l-3, active representatives of the normal microbiocenosis of the human intestine. Additional components of laminolact are natural substances of plant origin. Used to improve the intestinal microflora and prevent dysbiosis. Increases the immune barrier, stimulates the processes of digestion and assimilation of food. For effective immunomodulation created bilaminolact - a variant of bioactive additives, including bifidobacteria inifidum adolescentis.
During the period of pregnancy and lactation, it is recommended to use Laminolact Eva, which provides mother and child with no problems with digestion and stability of the immune system.
Contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to some components of the diet.
Undesirable reactions to laminolact are not known.
Release form - dragee. Produced 14 variants of the composition of the drug, from which you can choose a variety that does not include intolerable ingredients.
Dosage and administration:
The minimum dosage for adults in order to acquire a stable effect of stabilizing health is to use nine to ten daily, two or three times a day, regardless of the meal.
In cases of acute conditions or the effects of long-term antibiotic therapy, it is advisable to take two or three days 30 pills a day, then as usual (daily dose of 9-10 pills a day).
Minimum dosage for children - the number of dragees taken corresponds to the child’s age in years. For example, the minimum daily dose for a four-year-old baby is four dragees.
The maximum dosage, both adults and children has no restrictions. Consequently, overdose can not be.
Can be used in combination with other drugs.
Keep one year, the maximum efficiency of bacteria lasts six months after the preparation of the drug.
An antidiarrheal combination drug, antagonist of pathogenic bacilli, fungi, amoebas, actively reproduce when there is an imbalance in the intestinal microbiocenosis.
It is prescribed for dysbacteriosis and diarrhea caused by intestinal infections, amoebic dysentery and amoebonositelstvo without the development of the disease, as a means of preventing infections of the gland, dysbiosis and diarrhea.
INTETRIX is not prescribed during pregnancy and lactation.
Contraindications for use - intolerance. For abnormal liver and / or kidney function, use with caution. The duration of admission is not more than a month.
Side effects - pain in the stomach, nausea.
Available in capsules.
Take orally before meals with half a glass of water. The daily number of techniques - three or four.
- Severe acute infections of the gastrointestinal tract - a daily dosage of six to eight capsules,
- Acute lung infections of moderate severity - daily dosage from four to six capsules (duration of therapy from three to five days),
- Chronic amebiasis - daily dosage of four capsules (treatment duration 10 days, repeated course of therapy - a month later),
- Fungal diarrhea - a daily dose of three capsules.
- Travelers' diarrhea, unwholesome endemic environment - a daily dose of two capsules (duration of administration - until the danger of infection has passed, but not more than a month),
- Antibacterial therapy - a daily dose of three capsules.
In cases of inability to swallow, you can mix the contents of the capsule with one teaspoon of water or food.
Interactions with other drugs - do not use in combination with hydroxyquinolines. In order to prevent undesirable interactions with other medications, take them separately with a break of at least two hours.
Cases of overdose are not known, in cases of high-dose use of the drug is recommended to monitor the level of hepatic transaminases and prothrombin.
Store for two years, observing temperature conditions up to 25ºС.
Anti-diarrheal drug, with the same active ingredient. Destroys almost all causative agents of intestinal infections (salmonellosis, dysentery, yersiniosis, cholera, acute gastritis, etc.) and inflammatory processes (bacteremia, pneumonia, septicopyemia, acute pyelonephritis, prostatitis, nosocomial angioinfections). Not applicable against pseudomonads and certain protea strains.
The magnitude of the dosage affects the action of nifuroxazide - whether it destroys pathogenic microorganisms or only prevents their reproduction. Presumably the drug inactivates dehydrogenase, thereby disrupting the process of protein biosynthesis in the cells of pathogenic bacteria.
Medium doses do not inhibit the growth and reproduction of beneficial representatives of the intestinal microbiocenosis and do not contribute to the emergence of drug-resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria.
In cases of viral intestinal disease, has a prophylactic effect against the addition of a secondary bacterial infection.
This drug is not absorbed in the stomach, accumulating in the intestine, where its metabolic process takes place. Excreted slowly, remaining in the gastrointestinal tract for a long time. Excreted by the intestines.
Use by pregnant and lactating women solely for medical reasons under medical supervision.
Contraindicated in case of intolerance to nitrofuran derivatives and / or any additional components of the drug.
Nifuroxazide is well tolerated, but side effects are rarely possible in the form of disturbances in the digestive process and short exacerbation of diarrhea, which does not require treatment or discontinuation of nifuroxazide. In case of allergy, medication should be stopped.
Available in pill form and suspension for oral administration.
Children under seven years old is given a suspension. Shake the bottle with the suspension several times before use. The package contains a double measuring spoon. A smaller spoon contains 2.5 ml or 110 mg of the preparation, and a larger one contains 5 ml or 220 mg.
- Children from 1 month to six months - 2.5 ml two or three doses per day,
- From six months to two years - 2.5 ml four times a day,
- From two to seven years - 5 ml three times a day,
- Children from seven years old and adults - 5 ml four times a day.
Nifuroxazide tablet form is addressed to children from seven years old and adults. Take orally two tablets after 6 hours, regardless of the meal. The duration of treatment from 5 days to a week.
In the process of treating diarrhea in acute form, continuous compensation of fluid deficiency is necessary (depending on the patient's condition, oral or intravenous).
The effects of overdose are not described. In case of exceeding the recommended dose of the drug to make a gastric lavage.
Interaction with systemic drugs is not feasible, since only traces are detected in the blood. When used in combination with other agents, its high adsorption capacity should be taken into account.
Store in a dry, darkened room, observing the temperature regime of 17-25ºС.
Most of the above drugs refers to probiotics (eubiotics). These are modern products (drugs and dietary supplements) containing living microorganisms of the normal intestinal environment of a person. Probiotics restore intestinal microbiocenosis in a natural way, they are physiological for the body, and have practically no contraindications and side effects.
However, it should be noted that the dosage of even such seemingly safe drugs and the duration of the course of treatment is determined only by the attending physician individually for each patient.
Why does dysbacteriosis develop?
The causes of intestinal dysbiosis are many. Here are the most common ones:
- improper and unbalanced diet, contributing to the deterioration of digestion and assimilation of food,
- uncontrolled and prolonged use of antibiotics, destroying the beneficial intestinal microflora,
- previously transferred intestinal infectious diseases (salmonellosis, dysentery),
- diseases of the digestive tract organs (gastritis, pancreatitis, peptic ulcer or gallstone disease),
- general weakening of the immune system.
All of the above factors lead to an imbalance of the beneficial microflora in the intestine. At the same time, the beneficial bacteria (lactobacteria, bacteroids, bifidobacteria) become smaller, and the number of pathogenic microorganisms increases.
The functions of normal microflora include regulation of cellular (humoral) immunity, participation in water - salt and lipid metabolism, assistance in the absorption of calcium, the synthesis of vitamins and essential amino acids. As a result of changes in the microflora balance, all processes occurring in the digestive tract are disrupted, which most negatively affects the general well-being of a person. Intestinal biocenosis can be prevented and cured by taking special preparations that help restore the balance of beneficial microflora. Let's find out which pills for dysbacteriosis exist, and which groups of drugs are the most effective?
The best pills for intestinal dysbiosis
Probiotics and prebiotics are considered to be the best drugs to prevent the treatment of microflora imbalances in the intestines. These funds, in turn, are divided into several groups:
- Lactic acid bacterial probiotics
This group includes the popular drug Lactobacterin. The drug is available in the form of tablets and refers to monodrugs, since it contains only one useful enzyme (lactobacilli). It is used to quickly restore the intestinal microflora after taking antibacterial drugs or after radiation therapy. The drug is taken 1 hour before meals, squeezed milk. Lactobacterin is effective in treating newborns, it is completely safe, does not cause side effects and can be taken simultaneously with antibiotics. This group also includes drugs Biobacton and Acilact.
- Bifidobacteria based probiotics
This group includes drugs Bifidumbakterin, Bifidumbakterin Forte, Probifor. Medicines produced in different dosage forms (capsules, powder, candles). The basis of the capsules are bifidobacteria with lactose. Bifidumbacterin is well tolerated, but incompatible with antibiotics, and has several limitations on use in pregnant and lactating women and children (up to 3 years).
- Polycomponent Probiotics
Preparations of this group combine in their composition bifido - and lactobacilli. These include: Linex (capsules), Bifacid (caspules), Bifiform (enteric capsules). For kids, a special kind of drug is produced - Bifiform Baby (in capsules and sachets).
Linex is one of the best drugs used to treat adults and children. In 1 capsule are millions of good bacteria that quickly colonize the intestines and eliminate the symptoms of dysbiosis. Children give 1 capsule three times a day. The capsule is pre-opened, its contents are dissolved in water or another liquid (juice, milk) and given to the child. The drug is quite safe and recommended for children from birth, as well as pregnant and lactating women. The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor.
- Combined probiotics
This group of medicines includes Acipol (capsules, tablets), Kipatsid (tablets).On average, treatment with drugs takes 10-14 days. Let us dwell on the popular drug Acipol.
Atsipol is considered an excellent prophylactic and drug, it not only effectively fights dysbacteriosis, but also strengthens the body's defenses. The basis of the drug are live lactobacilli and polysaccharides of kefir fungus. Since lactobacilli retain their properties in cool conditions, the drug should be stored in the refrigerator. Capsules are very convenient to use, the duration of the drug depends on the patient's condition and is determined by the attending physician. For children, the contents of the capsules are recommended to be dissolved in a small amount of liquid and given before meals.
Almost all drugs - prebiotics are based on lactulose. This substance inhibits the activity of the pathogenic microflora in the intestine, but has a significant drawback, namely, it causes a decrease in blood pressure. The most famous drugs of this group are Duphalac, Portalak, Romfalak, Lactusan. Prebiotics of this type are contraindicated for persons with intolerance to galactose, fructose, diabetes. There are also restrictions on the use of children, the elderly and pregnant women. The decision on the appointment of drugs in this group should be made by a specialist.
Preparations of prebiotic composition that regulate the balance of microflora in the intestine (Hilak-Forte, Laminolact, Bifidobac). The brightest representative of this group is the drug Hilak Forte, containing lactobacilli, lactic acid and fatty acids. Lactic acid in the composition of the drug helps to restore the acid-base balance in the digestive tract. Short-chain fatty acids are responsible for the normal state of the intestinal mucosa and water-elitrolitnogo balance, lactobacilli - restore the balance of beneficial microflora. Hilak Forte can be combined with antibiotics, the drug is safe and can be used to treat patients of different age categories.
- Intestinal antiseptics
Preparations of this group block the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms in the intestine. However, they do not affect the normal microflora, which allows you to restore the necessary balance and eliminate the symptoms of dysbiosis. Antiseptic preparations used in the treatment of microflora imbalances include:
- Enterofuril (capsules),
- Intestopan (tablets),
- Nitroxoline (tablets),
- Furazolidone (tablets),
- Intrix (capsules),
- Metronidazole (tablets).
The optimal treatment regimen and the list of necessary drugs for dysbacteriosis can only be selected by a specialist, based on the results of tests and the individual characteristics of the patient. Self-medication should not be, because some drugs are incompatible with antibiotics, or have limitations to use in children, pregnant women and the elderly. Only a doctor in the appointment of a drug can take into account all the nuances: possible contraindications, side effects, the possibility of use during pregnancy and lactation, in children or old age. For our part, with all the advantages and disadvantages, we can provide a list of the most effective and popular drugs for dysbiosis.
Top 10 best drugs
According to experts and consumer reviews, the top ten tablets for intestinal dysbiosis include the following drugs:
- Linex. The capsules of the combined agent contain a mixture of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, lactic acid enterococci, as well as prebiotics necessary for their reproduction. Successfully combined and carefully selected composition of the drug makes it the best remedy for intestinal dysbiosis. The drug has a minimum of contraindications and is suitable for both adults and infants.Gelatin capsule shell provides targeted delivery of active ingredients to the intestines, and the high resistance of the drug ensures its combined use with antibiotics. The cost of Linex depends on the number of capsules in the package and ranges from 220 to 480 rubles.
- Lactobacterin. Effective and safe means, is available in different dosage forms (tablets, suppositories, powder), does not cause allergic reactions and other side effects. Can be used to treat bacteriosis in children, pregnant women and nursing women. The basis of the drug is acidophilic lactobacilli. The cost of Lactobacterin is 100-120 rubles per pack.
- Bifidumbacterin Forte. The capsules contain bifidobacteria with lactose. The drug can be used to treat infants. It is well tolerated, has a minimum of contraindications. But the effectiveness of the drug is reduced, while taking it with antibiotics and the appointment of elderly patients. Available in different dosage forms (tablets, suppositories, powder). The cost of the drug depends on the form of release and ranges from 100 to 290 rubles.
- Acipol. Combined drug, each capsule contains acidophilic lactobacilli and kefir fungus. Atsipol practically has no contraindications, does not cause allergic reactions, is used for the treatment and prevention of dysbiosis in children and adults. Atsipol can be prescribed simultaneously with the reception of antibiotics. The average price of the drug is from 220 to 250 rubles.
- Probifor. This is an innovative drug, which is an improved version of Bifidumbacterin. Available in pill or powder form. The basis of Probifor is activated carbon, the particles of which are populated with bifidobacteria. This proximity allows you to provide an absorbent effect, that is, the drug binds and removes toxic and harmful substances and simultaneously heals the intestinal microflora. Probifor can be used simultaneously with antibiotics. The average cost of the drug is 200-260 rubles per pack.
- Bifiform The drug is produced in the form of acid-resistant gelatin capsules, which allows for the delivery of beneficial bacteria directly into the intestine. The composition Bififor includes bifidobacteria longum and lactic enterococci. This combination allows you to restore normal microflora and stabilize the acid balance in the stomach and intestines. The average cost of the drug is 270-350 rubles.
- Primadofilus. Combined product containing lacto - and bifidobacteria. Available in the form of capsules intended for the treatment of dysbiosis in adults and adolescents. For the treatment of young children, the drug is used in the form of a powder, which is dissolved in a small amount of liquid before taking. The drug has a minimum of contraindications and can be used to treat pregnant and lactating women. The cost depends on the form of release and ranges from 550 to 650 rubles.
- Hilak Forte - prebiotic consisting of healthy microflora and nutritional components. The drug has practically no contraindications and does not cause adverse reactions. Excellent stimulates the immune system and contributes to the development of beneficial microflora. Therefore, it can be used even in infants from the first days of life. It is considered one of the best prebiotics for elderly patients with dystrophic phenomena in the intestine. The cost of the drug is from 240 to 450 rubles.
- Biobacton. Monopreparation, which is a capsule with lactic acid bacteria. The drug can be used during pregnancy and lactation, but can not be combined with antibiotics. Contraindications for taking probiotics are individual sensitivity and candidiasis. The average cost of the drug is 120 rubles.
- Atsilakt. Available in the form of tablets (for adults) and suspensions (for children). Children can be prescribed this drug, starting from the age of three.The drug contains lactobacilli and promotes the rapid restoration of microflora after taking antibiotics. It can be used for the purpose of prevention and taken simultaneously with antibacterial agents. There are few contraindications, they relate to individual sensitivity and impossibility of using with the symptoms of candidiasis. The cost of the drug ranges from 95 to 250 rubles.
This review of the most popular and popular remedies for dysbiosis will help to make the right choice and overcome the unpleasant symptoms of the disease.
Ortobrebio - the best bad from dysbacteriosis
Among dietary supplements to improve intestinal health in dysbacteriosis, the prebiotic OrthoPrebio gives the best results. Its effectiveness is explained by the uniqueness of the main ingredient of the drug - inulin-rich in oligofructose. This inulin is an original patented product that is produced in Belgium under the trade name "Raftilose Synergy1".
Among the unique properties of this drug:
Protection of the large intestine over the entire length,
Not able to cause an allergic reaction, as sometimes happens with milk-based prebiotics,
Not absorbed through the intestinal mucosa, therefore - does not penetrate into the bloodstream and does not require filtration and excretion by the kidneys,
Works in conjunction with Fibregum acacia resin, produced in France by ColloidesNaturelsInternational,
Pleasant to use because of the sweet taste that gives oligofructose.
A detailed study of the properties of the complex drug inulin and oligofructose is devoted to a multitude of studies by international scientists from leading scientific institutions in the most developed countries. The formula Synergy1 is intensively applied in the pharmaceutical industry of Japan, the European Union, the USA and more than 50 countries.
The practice of using OrthoPrebio shows that natural vegetable inulin with oligofructose works several times more efficiently than similar preparations with lower-quality ingredients.
Education: A diploma in the specialty “Medicine” was received at the Russian State Medical University. N.I. Pirogov (2005). Postgraduate Studies in Gastroenterology - educational and scientific medical center.
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Intestinal dysbacteriosis is a disease that occurs due to a violation of the microflora of a given part of the digestive system, accompanied by a species change of the bacteria existing in it. There is a reduction in beneficial lacto-and bifidobacteria, and pathogenic flora, by contrast, is growing. As a result, the functioning of the intestine is impaired.
This popular method of treating dysbacteriosis has an almost instant effect, and therefore is considered in folk medicine the most effective way to treat dysbacteriosis. The person who told him was cured himself in just one day, at one time, with the means. At the beginning of his treatment, he turned to dairy products.
Diet for dysbacteriosis is the organization of therapeutic nutrition, which its main task is to normalize the imbalance of intestinal microflora. Dietary meals must necessarily form the basis of the patient's diet, as they are the basis for the treatment of all disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, along with medical treatment.
My doctor was prescribed by Linex. According to him, this is the best preparation that contains two types of beneficial bacteria and is distinguished by absolute safety. Therefore, it can be used even in infants.
Indeed, a very effective remedy, after a course of treatment all the problems with the tummy disappeared. Now the baby is completely healthy, eats with appetite and his digestive system is working normally.
Review number 2
Last year, after a course of antibiotic treatment, the doctor prescribed Atsipol to restore the microflora. Saw it for 2 weeks, but did not notice any improvements. It turns out that I took the drug incorrectly, washed down the pills from dysbacteriosis with hot tea.
And the beneficial bacteria from the hot immediately die. When I started drinking Atsipol according to the instructions, I immediately felt relief. Passed constant discomfort, abdominal pain and diarrhea disappeared. So these tools really help, just need to take them correctly.
Review number 3
I always, after being treated with antibiotics, take Bifidumbacterin Forte. This is a reliable and safe drug that has proven itself. In addition, it is quite affordable, inexpensive and differs in a variety of forms, you can choose what you like more (powder, tablets, candles).
I always take Bifidumbakterin tablets, it is very convenient, I swallowed the required dose, washed down some water and that's all. The probiotic is well tolerated and always helps me out, if I hadn’t taken it, I would have had an ulcer or aggravated gastritis a long time ago because I have to take a lot of medicine. And so I feel normal, vigorously and I have no trouble with digestion.
The human body is the habitat of many microorganisms, bacteria, germs. According to scientists, the bacteria that live in the intestines exceed the number of their own human cells. About five hundred species of bacteria live in the intestines, assisting in the process of digestion, producing vitamin compounds, as well as displacing pathogenic competitors, creating a certain habitat.
Dysbacteriosis is a special pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, delivering a lot of discomfort. If you find signs of this disease, you should seek medical advice in time and begin treatment. To date, produced a huge number of drugs intended to eliminate the symptoms of dysbiosis. They differ in their active substance, cost, duration of use and other characteristics. Do not choose drugs yourself. Treatment should be prescribed by a doctor, taking into account the results of the tests, the severity of the pathology and the individual characteristics of the organism.
Tablets are conventionally divided into the following groups:
- Probiotics - help intestinal normal flora multiply faster, increase immunity,
- Antibacterial drugs - eliminate the main provocative factor of pathology, namely, harmful microorganisms.
Before prescribing treatment, the doctor must find out the cause of the disease. It is often provoked by E. coli, staphylococcal, enterococcal and candidiotic infections.
The following drugs are used for the treatment of dysbacteriosis: Intetris, Enteroseptol, Pimafucin and Polysorb, Enterol, Levomycetin, Nystatin and Furazolin, Iberogast. These drugs are reasonable cost and high efficiency. It is important to remember that the treatment regimen for dysbacteriosis is prescribed by the attending doctor after a complete diagnosis and determination of the sensitivity of a particular pathogen.
For the treatment of dysbiosis in adults, you can take these tablets:
These include Pepidol, Polysorb, activated carbon and Polypefan. These sorption preparations contribute to the binding of toxic substances, as well as prevent the active spread of rotting processes in the intestine. The course of treatment proposes to apply these funds at the initial stage.
The most common enzyme tablets for dysbiosis: Digestal, Polizim, Mezim and Panzinorm Forte. They help to normalize the digestive process, the digestion of food, as well as the absorption of nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract.
Intestinal epithelium stimulator
The best remedy for dysbacteriosis from this group is Essentiale. This drug stimulates the functioning of intestinal epithelial cells, relieves painful attacks of colic and spasms.
These drugs do well with the imbalance of intestinal microflora. It is important to remember that complex treatment is prescribed by a gastroenterologist.
There is no capsular shell. It has no side effects and no contraindications. Can be taken with antibiotics, during lactation and pregnancy. Suitable for all ages. Normalizes the digestive system and restores the balance of beneficial intestinal flora. Storage temperature - at least ten degrees.
This tool is good for dysbacteriosis. Iberogast is a collection of herbs and plants that have a tonic, antispasmodic effect on the digestive tract. Iberogast normalizes smooth muscle tone without disturbing healthy peristalsis. Using this drug may have side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Available in the form of drops.
The drug has a broad antimicrobial property. It is used in the treatment of infectious pathologies and diarrhea. The active substance is nifuroxazide. Enterofuril with dysbacteriosis is extremely effective. Form release - suspension capsules. Contraindications - hypersensitivity, age up to one year. With urgent need you can drink during pregnancy.
Before using drugs should consult with your doctor.
Candles in pathology
Treatment of this disorder can be treated not only with solutions, capsules, tablets, but also with candles. It is important to note that candles for dysbiosis have a different composition: probiotics, antibiotics. Method of application: vaginally or rectally. This form has a significant advantage - enhanced local influence, thanks to which flora normalization is carried out faster and more efficiently.
Rectal candles are designed to normalize the intestinal microflora of children and adults. There are two main groups - probiotics and antibiotics. As for antimycotic and antibacterial candles, these include:
- Prostopin, Genferon,
- Anuzole and Procto
- Levomycetinum, Apis,
- Kipferon, Nilegan.
Application does not cause side effects. The maximum effectiveness of the drug in the pathology of any stage is observed. It is forbidden to use during pregnancy.
These drugs supply the intestines with beneficial bacteria and help restore healthy flora.
The form of suppositories has much more advantages and effect than tablets, capsules.
As for bacterial suppositories, they are usually used in the treatment of female vaginosis, which is bacterial in nature. The goal is to restore the vaginal microflora. Antibacterial candles: Betadine, Terzhinan and Polygynax. These drugs contribute to the inhibition of fungi, pathogenic bacteria, preventing the development of trichomoniasis. Contraindication - pregnancy.
Candles with a probiotic complex: Gynoflor, Azilakt, Labilakt, Vagilact. Contribute to the restoration of healthy vaginal microflora after the use of antibiotics, with a weak immune system, thrush and diabetes.
For the treatment and prevention of diseases such as dysbiosis, there are many drugs. In order for drug treatment to be effective, you need to visit a doctor, pass the appropriate tests and strictly adhere to his instructions.
If not each of us, then the majority faced with such a disease as dysbiosis. Especially often dysbacteriosis occurs in young children - infants, as well as in people who use the wrong diet in their diets. Also dysbacteriosis is a consequence of:
- the uncontrolled use of antibiotics, which leads to the destruction of the beneficial bacteria of the intestinal microflora, because of which the intestine stops functioning properly,
- transferred intestinal infections (dysentery, salmonellosis), operations on the stomach and intestines, diseases of the digestive system (gastritis, intestinal diseases, peptic ulcer, cholelithiasis, pancreatitis), contributing to the weakening of the immune system of the gastrointestinal tract,
- malnutrition contributes to the appearance of failures in the gastrointestinal tract, constipation and diarrhea, improper digestion and assimilation of food,
- general decrease in the body's immunity.
All these factors contribute to changes in the composition of intestinal microorganisms and lead to the appearance of dysbacteriosis. This is due to the fact that the number of beneficial bacteria - bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, bacteroids - becomes less and the number of bad ones. Dysbacteriosis can be prevented and cured by taking drugs for dysbacteriosis: the intestinal biocenosis is not lethal, and it is quite possible to live with it, but difficult, since not only the processes of the gastrointestinal tract are disturbed, but also general well-being.
Probiotics and prebiotics
For the prevention and treatment of dysbacteriosis, drugs are used that are subdivided into probiotics — drugs with a high content of bacteria that stop the reproduction of pathogenic microbes, and prebiotics — substances that promote favorable reproduction and growth of microflora. Prebiotics and probiotics, in turn, are divided into groups depending on their basis.
Probiotics - a combination of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli
Florin Forte - this type of probiotic in powder form. The drug can be taken both children and adults. For infants, the drug, according to the dosage prescribed by the doctor, is mixed with breast milk or a mixture; adults take it with food. The medicine must be stored at a temperature not higher than + 10 ° and not lower than 0 °. A cold store will be an ideal storage option. The drug should not be taken with certain types of antibiotics that affect the incorrect work of Florin Forte (consult your doctor). Linex has a similar “bundling” of bacteria. It is also enriched with the bacterium Enterococcus faecium, which helps exert a complex effect on the microflora. The drug can be taken in conjunction with antibiotics, can not be stored in the refrigerator and allowed to receive pregnant and lactating mothers. In addition, Linex has no age limit. For infants, the powder from the capsule needs to be dissolved in warm boiled water.
You need to know that in the composition of these drugs contain eubiotics in high doses, therefore, people with a pronounced immunodeficiency or allergy-prone use of the drug is possible only after prior consultation with the doctor and in a certain dosage.
Full list of drugs for dysbiosis
The above drugs are not unique drugs for dysbiosis. The treatment of the disease will also help drugs from the following list:
- Bifilis (VIGEL)
- Lactulose Poly
- Magnesium Complex
- Normospectrum for adults
- Will call
- Relah Life
- Symbiolact Comp.
- Flivivin BS
Best among the best
Undoubtedly, all drugs from the intestinal biocenosis, described above, carry out prophylaxis or completely eliminate dysbacteriosis.But, as already mentioned, some drugs have their drawbacks, for example, incompatibility with antibiotics or the inability to use drugs for babies. What drug for dysbacteriosis is the best * of its kind? To identify the best, you should analyze the most popular drugs for dysbiosis according to the following list:
- the presence of the capsular shell (capsular shell does not allow the drug to dissolve before it enters the intestine),
- side effects,
- interaction with antibiotics,
- use during pregnancy and lactation,
- age restrictions,
- storage method.
Means with lactobacilli and bifidobacteria
Among the probiotics containing lactobacilli, there are funds in the form of tablets, and in powder form.
If you prefer drugs that need to be dissolved in water, then to restore the normal microflora in the intestines of adults, you can use "Acylact" or "Biobactone".
Preferring to take pills, eliminate pathogenic microbes in the digestive system is best with the help of "Lactobacterin".
To eliminate intestinal dysbiosis, candles can be used, administered rectally.
By their action, they can not be compared with "Azilakt" in the form of powder, since they do not destroy the useful microorganisms already existing in the digestive organ.
Both candles and all other probiotics are allowed to be used together with antibiotics.
But since the composition of probiotics for the treatment of dysbacteriosis includes only one component, these drugs are powerless in protecting the intestinal microflora, affected by a huge number of harmful bacteria.
Probiotics are considered to be the most diverse category of drugs, the main ingredient of which is bifidobacteria. The most famous probiotic is considered “Bifidumbacterin Forte”.
True, taking pills of this drug is prohibited to be treated with antibiotics. Another "Bifidumbakterin" comes in the form of candles, used rectally, and suspensions dissolved in water.
Probifor is a popular powdered probiotic.
Means from dysbacteriosis containing bifidobacteria and produced in the form of tablets and suppositories cannot be treated for children under 3 years old. Regarding their use of the suspension, it is necessary to talk with the doctor.
Treatment of intestinal dysbacteriosis can be carried out using probiotics created on the basis of both lactic and bifidobacteria.
To restore the balance of microorganisms, the powdery preparation "Florin Forte" is well suited. This tool can improve the microflora of both children and adults.
To eliminate dysbacteriosis in infants, you need to connect the dose of Florin Forte set by the doctor with the milk formula. Adults need to take this drug for a meal.
Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli incorporates the probiotic "Linex".
Thanks to the beneficial microorganism Enterococcus faecium, which is also contained in the preparation, a multidirectional beneficial effect is exerted on the intestinal microflora.
The drug "Linex" against dysbiosis can be used in conjunction with antibiotics and stored outside the refrigerator.
Doctors do not prohibit taking it to women in the position and mothers who are nursing a baby with breast milk. "Linex" is recommended to treat for microbial imbalance in the intestines, even newborns.
Preparations containing a complex of beneficial bacteria
Most often, the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis is carried out by means of probiotics, which include not only bifidobacteria, but also other beneficial microorganisms.
The drug of such a broad spectrum of action is powdered “Bificol”, rich in bacteria of Escherichia coli.
Even more necessary for the intestines of microorganisms contains "Bifiform".
This medicine is made in the form of capsules with a protective coating, which allows it to reach the intestines and remain in an acidic environment.“Bifiform”, unlike “Bifikol”, is allowed to be taken together with antibiotics.
In addition, doctors do not advise using the second drug to treat children younger than 2 years old.
Prebiotics rich in lactulose can be used to restore the intestinal microflora.
Their main task is to split the fructose-galactose disaccharide, located in the intestinal microflora, into simple acids from organic substances.
As a result of this process, blood pressure returns to normal and the activity of harmful microorganisms in the intestine is suppressed.
The drugs acting according to the above described scheme are “Duphalac” in the form of powder or syrup, “Romfalak” and “Portalak”.
They are suitable for the treatment of small children, pregnant women and mothers who are breastfeeding. But contraindicated in all those who cause allergic manifestations of fructose and galactose.
Also listed drugs do not take against dysbacteriosis with bleeding from the rectum and intestinal obstruction.
Suffering from diabetes, using Duphalac or another prebiotic is possible only after consulting a doctor.
The treatment of the intestine with prebiotic preparations will be effective. These funds maintain the balance of microorganisms in the space of the small and large intestine.
These include the drug Hilak Forte, saturated with the bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and helveticus.
In addition to them, this medicine to restore normal intestinal microflora is rich in lactic acid, leading to an acceptable level of acidity in the gastrointestinal tract.
The drug "Hilak Forte" is unique in that it includes short-chain fatty acids, the task of which is to fix the intestinal microflora.
The fact is that these substances have a positive effect on the processes of tissue repair on the walls of the organ of digestion and regulate water and electrolyte balance.
The drug "Hilak Forte" is used to treat ailment associated with microbial imbalance in the intestinal microflora, and in adults and children.
From the use of this tool does not need to give up taking antibiotics.
The best medicines against intestinal dysbiosis
The tablets, syrups and powders mentioned before are not all means by which it is possible to treat small children and adults.
With dysbacteriosis help cope and funds included in the following list:
- Normospectrum (separately for adults and children),
The active ingredients of these drugs are directed against intestinal dysbiosis or perform preventive tasks.
But, of course, not all of them can be taken along with antibiotics and given to children. Therefore, the question arises: which drug best copes with microbial imbalance?
Tablets or powder for treating the intestines are evaluated according to the parameters presented below:
- coating a special shell that does not allow the drug to break up before it enters the intestine,
- the ability to treat them even babies,
- available contraindications
- drug-induced side effects
- compatibility with antibiotics,
- possibility of use during the period of carrying or feeding the child,
- requirements for the storage of funds.
Such a drug as "Lactobacterin", produced in the form of tablets and powder, does not have a special protective sheath, does not apply to hypersensitivity and candidiasis, and may cause allergies.
But it is allowed to use it together with antibiotics and give to children, pregnant and lactating mothers. Store "Lactobacterin" is required in a dry place at a temperature of 2 to 8 degrees Celsius.
The popular means "Azilakt", in which 2 forms - tablets and suspension, are also devoid of capsular coating and are prohibited for those who suffer from hypersensitivity and candidiasis.
Unfortunately, it can provoke allergic reactions. "Acilact" is allowed to take in combination with antibiotics.
But women in the position and nursing mothers need to use this tool with caution, after consulting with a doctor.
Known to all "Bifidumbakterin", not having a capsular membrane and not allowed for use in candidiasis and hypersensitivity, it is recommended to use only when prescribed by a doctor.
Because of this drug may be allergic, it is not intended for children under 3 years of age. "Bifidumbakterin" should be stored at a temperature of 2 to 10 degrees.
Hilak Forte differs from the listed preparations against intestinal dysbiosis.
Although this remedy is devoid of a protective covering, it does not cause allergies and is well tolerated by those who suffer from candidiasis and hypersensitivity.
It can be used with antibiotics, given to children and pregnant women.
But the best in this regard is Linex, since it has a special coating, is used together with antibiotics and is suitable for children.
So, against the microbial imbalance in the intestine there are a variety of means. The list in the article indicates the most effective.
But they should be used only after consulting a doctor and strictly according to the instructions, because each drug has its own characteristics.
Surely every person in life at least once faced with such a problem as dysbiosis. Such a violation can cause malnutrition, use of antibiotics, surgeries, various diseases that weaken our natural defense. Beneficial bacteria in the microflora die, and the intestine stops functioning properly. There are failures in the digestion and assimilation of food. A person may suffer from weakened immunity, frequent constipation, or, conversely, from uncontrolled diarrhea. Therefore, it is important to start adequate treatment in time, using the best drugs for dysbiosis.
What to treat
It is important to note that the appearance of pathogenic bacteria in the intestine does not cause dysbacteriosis itself, but the main disease that occurs in the body. That is, it will be about eliminating the root cause of the violation. If you ignore and do not treat the ailment that caused the violation of microflora, further attempts to get rid of bacteria will be in vain. Dysentery, chronic stress, peptic ulcer of the stomach, antibiotics, poor nutrition - all these diseases lead to a conditional violation of the microflora. However, with a mild degree of imbalance of bacteria, it will be enough to stop the disease and take drugs to treat dysbiosis. The combination of these two activities will quickly return the intestinal flora to a normal state.
It is very important not only to take the means to defeat pathogenic bacteria, you need to follow the correct diet. For normal functioning of the intestine, man needs dietary fiber and pectin. These substances are present in large quantities in fruits, vegetables, cereals, algae. Soy milk will be an excellent tool for maintaining healthy microflora. It contains beneficial amino acids: glutamine, arginine.
Do not forget about the natural bifidobacteria and lactobacilli: natural yogurt (without sugar), cottage cheese, kefir. It is necessary to use products that are not digested by our intestines, but they are able to nourish the natural environment and form its obligate flora. Such substances are called prebiotics. These include oligosaccharides, lactulose, fructose, galactose. Garlic, onions, dairy products, chicory - popular folk remedies for dysbiosis, which are rich in prebiotics.
What means are
For the prevention and restoration of healthy intestinal microflora, drugs for dysbacteriosis are used.All these drugs can be divided into two groups:
- Probiotics. They contain bacteria that can suppress the growth and reproduction of pathogenic microbes.
- Prebiotics - special substrates that create the “right” environment for reproduction and growth of beneficial intestinal microflora.
In turn, each type of substance is divided into groups, depending on the composition of the drug.
Probiotics - the basis of lactobacillus
This group of drugs is available in the form of tablets and powders. The most popular of them are the Acylak and Biobacton products, presented in powder. Tablets "Lactobacterin" is also effective in the treatment of microflora disorders. There are also rectal suppositories "Acilact". This form has gained popularity due to its ability not to destroy beneficial bacteria in the intestine.
These drugs for dysbiosis can be used during treatment with antibiotics. However, all these tools are monodrugs, which does not allow them to comprehensively cope with the restoration of intestinal microflora. That is, with a complex course of dysbiosis, they can not help.
Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli - complex probiotics
Powder "Florin Forte" refers to medicines with a complex composition. It is prescribed for both adults and young patients. Babies are advised to mix the powder with milk and the feed mixture. For adults can be taken with meals. To keep the medicine alive, it must be stored in a refrigerator. Note that this drug is incompatible with some antibiotics that may affect the proper working of Florin Forte Powder.
Very similar composition with the previous medication has the tool "Linex". It contains the bacterium Enterococcus faecium, which can have a complex regenerating effect on the intestinal microflora. At the same time, this effective remedy can be combined with antibiotic intake.
Capsules "Linex" represent drugs for the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis, which have no age restrictions and will not harm pregnant and lactating women. For infants, the capsule can be dissolved in warm water. Be sure to consult with the doctor, because the medicines in this group contain eubiotics in large doses. And they are not suitable for people with immunodeficiency or allergies.
Bifidobacteria and other bacteria - probiotics of complex action
If you are faced with the question of which drugs for dysbacteriosis of this group to choose, you can safely recommend Bifikol powder. Its rich composition contains the necessary bacteria and is enriched with Escherichia coli. The tool effectively restores the microflora and destroys the pathogenic environment. But the drug "Bifiform" includes in its composition also Enterococcus faecium. It comes in the form of capsules with a protective sheath, which allows you to "deliver" live bacteria directly into the intestine, bypassing the acidic environment of the stomach. The tool is not prescribed to children under 2 years.
Lactulose - the basis of prebiotic
These drugs for dysbacteriosis are capable of cleaving fructose-galactose disaccharides. The result is low molecular weight organic acids in the flora of the large intestine, which leads to a decrease in blood pressure and suppression of harmful bacteria. Effective remedies are Duphalac and Portalak syrups or powders, Normaze and Romfalak syrups. These prebiotics are allowed, even for infants, lactating and pregnant women. However, if you have intolerance to fructose or galactose, treatment should be abandoned. Intestinal obstruction and rectal bleeding are also contraindications to receive.
Long since the people independently defined an intestinal dysbacteriosis.Treatment with folk remedies involves both adherence to the correct diet, and the use of special products that inhibit pathogenic environments in the body. It is necessary to completely exclude products that contain flavors, flavor enhancers, colors, canned foods, fatty meats, offal, whole milk, coffee, alcohol, ice cream, sweets. Enrich your diet with fermented milk products. It is very useful for the intestines of plant fiber, which is contained in such vegetables:
However, if you have diarrhea, vegetables must first be boiled. Fresh fruits, lean fish and vegetable fats are also helpful.
Many folk remedies for dysbiosis are aimed at preventing this disease. It is recommended to use 1-2 slices of garlic for dinner, while you need to drink it with yogurt. Such a recipe has a beneficial effect on acidic bacteria and causes their active reproduction in the intestine. Gradually the microflora will recover.
Flaxseed is an excellent remedy for dysbacteriosis. It can be added to porridge (1 dessert spoon). Also, this method will help with constipation. Drink fresh juice of selle root before eating. Adequate dose is 1-2 teaspoons per day.
Effective Healer Recipes
Despite the variety of drugs to restore the intestinal flora, people often follow the recommendations of traditional healers. And you can assure that some methods are very effective and can defeat intestinal dysbiosis. Treatment of folk remedies, as a rule, to carry out quite simply and economically. This led to their popularity:
- Swallow 3-4 peas black pepper, with the need to drink plenty of them with water. Use the drug on an empty stomach, do not chew. Treatment takes about 2 weeks.
- An excellent and harmless remedy for dysbiosis will be ordinary sauerkraut. It contains useful substrates, acids, beneficial organisms. These substances "spur" the reproduction of beneficial bacteria and maintain normal acidity.
- Pumpkin seeds. Due to the high content of oils, they allow not only to fight the disease, but also the worms are “expelled”. By the way, these parasites very often cause a pathogenic environment. It is necessary to apply seeds only in a dried form and strictly dosed. One dessert spoon before meals twice a day is enough to beat the ailment. The course of treatment is about 3 weeks.
- Chicory. It is easy to find in the store as a coffee substitute. It is this plant contains a lot of inulin, which copes with dysbacteriosis.
Whatever you choose the tool for yourself, you must consult with your doctor. Remember: even the best remedy for dysbacteriosis may not work for you and cause harm to your health.
The development of medicine and the pharmaceutical industry, the improvement of the quality of life of most people and the improvement of hygienic conditions in recent decades have contributed to the disappearance of many infectious diseases. Strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs save lives of millions of people every year. But the fascination of humanity with the fight against bacteria led to the development of a new malady: a violation of the intestinal microflora. This condition is not yet considered a disease, although very many suffer from it, and the consequences of not paying attention to it can be serious. Therefore, in recent years this topic has become topical: “Intestinal microflora - restoration”. There are different preparations for this, so after consulting a doctor you can find the necessary treatment.
What is the intestinal microflora
Many processes in the human body are regulated by beneficial bacteria. They help to digest food and absorb nutrients from it, support the immune system and participate in metabolism.With the help of these microorganisms, most vitamins are produced that are necessary for human life. They are located in the intestine, which is often also a haven for pathogenic bacteria. The balance between microorganisms in the human body is called microflora. If it is broken, good bacteria can not cope with their work? and various health problems arise. Then the person is acutely faced with the question: intestinal microflora - recovery. Preparations for this exist different, but first you need to understand the causes of this condition, which is called dysbacteriosis.
Why intestinal microflora is disturbed
Most often this happens for such reasons:
- because of taking certain medications, especially antibiotics, which destroy any bacteria, even beneficial ones,
- due to unhealthy diet, non-compliance with the regime of eating, fascination with junk food and snacks on the go,
- due to reduced immunity, especially against the background of infectious and inflammatory diseases or chronic diseases,
- from disorders of the gastrointestinal tract due to surgery, poisoning or diseases: gastritis, ulcers and others,
- stresses, lack of exercise and bad habits can also cause a disturbance in the intestinal microflora.
What symptoms does this condition cause?
In violation of the intestinal microflora are most often noted:
- upset stool - constipation or diarrhea,
- flatulence, heartburn, bloating, increased flatulence,
- stomach ache,
- smell from the mouth,
- loss of appetite, deterioration of performance,
- reduced immunity
- in advanced cases there is a violation of the heart rhythm and deviation in the work of other organs.
Intestinal microflora: recovery
Preparations containing live bacteria and the environment for their reproduction, are the most common means of treating this disease. But they should be prescribed by a doctor, since complex therapy gives a greater effect. There are drugs in the form of tablets or capsules, syrup or powder for suspension. But it is believed that when passing through the stomach of the microorganisms die, so it is more effective to use such funds in the form of microclysmus or candles.
You can use folk remedies to restore microflora. For example, a mixture of dried apricots and prunes with honey, decoctions or extracts of Hypericum, calendula, yarrow, eucalyptus or plantain. It is useful to eat berries of a cowberry, garlic and grated sour apples.
A mandatory stage of treatment should be good nutrition, excluding fatty, spicy and canned food, fast food and soda. It is very useful for intestinal microflora to use dairy products. And they must be natural, and they need to drink at least half a liter a day.
In some cases, antibacterial drugs can be used to destroy highly propagated pathogenic microflora: Penicillin, Tetracycline, Cephalosporin, or Metronidazole. But probiotics are surely taken along with them.
Types of drugs for the treatment of dysbiosis
1. Probiotics are medicines that contain live bifidobacteria or lactobacilli. They can be a monodrug, as part of which only one bacterium or a complex means for colonizing the intestines with all beneficial microorganisms. These include "Linex", "Bifidumbakterin", "Atsipol" and others.
2. There are also medicines that help the body produce its own prebiotic bacteria. Most often they contain lactulose, which is a breeding ground for them. These are “Lactusan”, “Normazet”, “Duphalac” and others.
3. But the most effective drugs for restoring intestinal microflora are symbiotics. They contain both live bacteria and substances for their growth.These include "Biovestin Lacto", "Bifidobak" and others.