Osteopathy is a section of alternative medicine in which distortion of the structural-anatomical connections between different parts of the body and organs is considered as a factor causing diseases. This phenomenon is commonly referred to as osteopathic dysfunction.
Specialists who use such techniques in their medical practice are called osteopaths.
This direction of healing was formed more than 130 years ago in the USA, when surgeon E.T. Still founded an osteopathic school and outlined the principles of osteopathy. It came to Russia in the 80s of the last century. The osteopathic treatment method was officially recognized after approval by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation on October 27, 2003.
What is the essence of osteopathy
At the dawn of its development, osteopathy opposed traditional medicine of the time, denying its methods, in particular, the use of drugs.
Today, an ambiguous attitude towards osteopathy remains, opinions about the effectiveness of the methods used differ.
Most of the therapeutic tools practiced by osteopaths are based on the concept of fascial relaxation.
This tissue surrounds the muscles, ligaments, joints, ligaments, vessels, organs of a person as a kind of case. In this case, all fascia body communicate with each other, thus forming a single complex.
According to osteopaths, the fascia has a bioenergy potential that can shrink and relax. When a traumatic impact occurs, a stress section forms inside it, and all surrounding organs and tissues react to it. Up to a certain point, the body compensates for this condition, but there comes a time when protective mechanisms fail and a person falls ill.
- Structuralwho knows the musculoskeletal ailments. This includes working with muscles, joints and ligaments to restore their functions.
- Visceralaimed at getting rid of the pathologies of internal organs and the normalization of metabolic processes.
- Craniosacralregulating the functionality of the meninges, the ratio of the skeletal systems of the human skull, pelvis and spine.
Today in osteopathy new sections are being actively studied and introduced:
- Posturology, studying methods of restoring bodily balance.
- Body-emotional direction, the purpose of which is to get rid of emotional stress, minimizing the effects of various stresses and injuries by removing fixations on negative facts.
- Biodynamic direction, which includes the restoration of cellular potential.
Osteopath and manual therapist: what is the difference
Both specialists use their own hands in treating patients, and this coincidence often gives reason to believe that these are two different names for the same medical specialty.
In fact, by this fact the similarity between osteopathy and manual therapy is exhausted. In the first case, the focus is not on the treatment of local foci of the ailment, but of the whole organism as a single system, and as a therapeutic method, a mild effect on the ligaments, muscles, ligaments, fascial cavities, and relaxation is used. The manual therapist applies a mechanical action on the bones and joints.
Osteopathy has no age limit to use, while manual therapy is not recommended for elderly people and toddlers.
What does the osteopath cure?
The considered direction of medicine is based on a comprehensive recovery of the whole organism, therefore, osteopathic treatment methods are very widely used.
- Back pain associated with osteochondrosis, protrusion and spinal hernia, including myofascial pain syndromes of vertebral osteochondrosis: pain in the extremities, occipital headache, etc.
- Neurosis, chronic fatigue, sleep disturbance.
- A variety of headaches, including the effects of skull injuries.
- Meteorological dependence
- Chronic articular ailments.
- Sports injuries.
- Gynecological disorders: uterine fibroids, menstrual disorders, adverse manifestations in menopause.
- Often recurring colds, hearing loss and smell.
- Functional pathology of the digestive system organs.
- Sexual dysfunction.
- Diseases of the respiratory system.
- Pathology of the urinary system.
- The consequences of a variety of surgical interventions.
- Blood pressure disorders, vegetative-vascular dystonia.
- Problems during pregnancy (with pain in the back, swelling of the limbs, psycho-emotional disorders, increased uterus tone, during prenatal training).
Experts in the field of osteopathy claim that many children at birth receive a birth trauma (upper vertebral department, skull, sacrum). A baby born as a result of cesarean section is subject to a sharp drop in intracranial pressure immediately after removal from the uterus. Both in the first and in the second case, osteopaths offer their methods for the correction of generic disorders in children.
When should I contact an osteopath
Osteopathic doctors claim that the first visit to a specialist in this field should occur immediately after birth, even if there are no obvious reasons for this: it happens that the baby gets microtrauma, invisible to the eye, during the birth process.
According to experts in the field of medicine, the assistance of an osteopath immediately after discharge from the maternity ward is required if there was a caesarean section or use of forceps during natural childbirth.
In addition, the following conditions can be grounds for referring to an osteopath.
- The baby cries a lot for no apparent reason, falls asleep with difficulty, it requires constant motion sickness, from time to time it convulsively shudders, strains.
- The newborn has asymmetry of the face or head.
- The baby swallows with difficulty, sucks the breast badly, often and abundantly spits up.
- There are problems in the behavior of the baby: excessive irritability or, conversely, lethargy and drowsiness.
- A child of older age is subject to frequent respiratory ailments, is ill for a long time, with relapses and complications.
- Visually marked posture.
- The child often complains of headaches, gets tired quickly, is constantly in a tense state.
- There have been injuries, especially headers.
What does an osteopath treat in children
- Consequences of a variety of birth injuries, including conditions after a cesarean section.
- Sleep disturbance
- Developmental delay.
- Pronounced deviations in behavior, difficult to correct.
- Frequently recurring diseases of the cold
- Neurosis-like states, enuresis.
- The difficulties associated with learning, loss of attention and memory.
- Violations of posture.
Visits to a child osteopath are not an alternative to consulting a pediatrician. Osteopathic therapy only complements pediatric observation.
Contraindications to the use of osteopathy
In some situations, an appeal to this doctor is not advisable: the patient needs the help of other specialists.
- Acute diseases of the brain and spinal cord, including disorders of cerebral and spinal blood circulation, inflammatory diseases (meningitis).
- Malignant neoplasms.
- Infectious processes.
- Active tuberculosis.
- Acute heart attack and stroke.
- Circulatory disorders, systemic blood diseases, bleeding.
- Acute mental disorders.
Reception at the osteopath
At the first consultation to this doctor should take the data of previous examinations: the results of ultrasound, laboratory tests, x-rays, etc.
Reception at an osteopath begins with a confidential conversation. The specialist finds out what worries the patient, when it appeared and how it manifests itself, what treatment was applied.
Next, there is a medical examination, which is also the basis of diagnosis. It includes a variety of testing methods.
- Active tests. Under the supervision of a physician, the patient bends, bends, straightens, twists.
- Passive tests. The specialist produces movements in the patient’s joints without his participation.
- Load tests axial character. The doctor controls the pressure on the central vertebral axis, marking the hand on the patient's head. Sometimes this test is performed while lying down, with pressure on the legs.
- Tensile tests are techniques for assessing how elastic muscles, spine, joints, and fasciae are, thus determining the area of osteopathic damage.
- Testing fascial tension. A doctor by applying hands to the patient’s body, controlling the pressing force, determines the presence of fascial tension in the direction of pathology localization.
This type of diagnosis is defined as one of the most accurate in osteopathy; it requires a high sensitivity of the hands and serious work experience from the doctor.
- Definition of a craniosacral rhythm. The method is based on the statement of osteopaths about micromotion of human bones. With each release of intracerebral fluid occurring in the ventricles of the brain, the cranium expands somewhat, the same happens with the fascia of the body. At absorption of the specified substance there is a return process - compression. This is the craniosacral rhythm, which is distorted with osteapathic lesions, and this is established by the osteopath during the diagnosis.
After conducting tests and determining which parts of the patient's body require correction, the doctor begins treatment.
How the osteopath works: methods of treatment
The arsenal of this specialist includes a variety of medical techniques.
- Mobilization and articulation methodsin the implementation of which the specialist produces rhythmic movements in the joints of the patient. Gradually, the periarticular muscles relax, the tension disappears, the problem area returns to its original state.
- Muscle and energy methodsthat have similarities with the methods of manual therapy. The doctor acts on the muscles that surround the problem joint. A combination of periods of muscle relaxation and tension is used.
- Muscle-fascial techniques, as a result of the application of which the pathological tension of the tissues is removed, their normal functions return to the organs.
- Biodynamic fluid technology. In osteopathy, the postulate that liquid tissues spread information throughout the body, thus uniting all systems, is taken as a basis. Using these techniques, the doctor interacts with the body fluids of the patient and normalizes their movement.
The activities of osteopaths are described in this video:
How to behave after taking an osteopath: recommendations of specialists
Immediately after the treatment session, doctors do not recommend driving a car, after waiting at least a quarter of an hour. It is advisable to walk slowly along the street.
In the first 2-3 days after the procedures, there will be inappropriate to increased physical activity (classes in the fitness club, in the pool, hard home and garden work). Avoid high emotional stress.
In the days following a visit to an osteopath, massages and other treatments based on bodily effects are not recommended.
Experts strongly recommend to start a diary of observations of their condition, so that in subsequent osteopathic sessions the doctor can track the dynamics of treatment with accuracy.
Today, osteopathy is actively developing, the number of its supporters is increasing. Appeal to an osteopathic doctor will allow you to adjust the general condition of the body in the direction of recovery. However, it should be remembered that osteopathic treatment methods are not a panacea and cannot completely replace the observation of specialists from other medical sectors.
In the XIX century, the American doctor Andrew T. Still, after the death of his relatives, was disillusioned with the possibilities of medicine, developed his system of treating people - he formulated the basic principles of osteopathy and developed a set of its techniques.
In 1892, Still founded the American School of Osteopathy (Eng. American School of Osteopathy) in Kirksville (Eng. Kirksville, Missouri) (pc. Missouri)
Osteopathy Ideas How to behave properly after an osteopathic session
After leaving the osteopath's office, it is advisable to walk at a leisurely pace for at least 15 minutes. You should not "indulge" fast food: after the session you need to eliminate heavy food. But in water you can not limit yourself, but, on the contrary, increase the amount of consumed liquid (unsweetened herbal tea, mineral water will do).
Fitness training, gardening and other similar activities should be postponed for 2-3 days. This also applies to emotional overload. Massage and other procedures based on bodily effects are also undesirable after a session.
If you plan a long-term observation of an osteopath, you should start a diary to record observations of the state of the body. So the doctor will be able to track the course of treatment.
He is not an all-powerful wizard and not a charlatan. A qualified osteopath is a doctor who helps to correct the patient's condition. His treatment methods are not a substitute for what traditional medicine offers.
Obviously, no one will go to a gynecologist with a bad tooth, to a cardiologist - with a broken ankle. With osteopath the same story. It will help if the patient turned "to the address": pure medicine and no magic!
Who is an osteopath
There are many doctors, each has its own specialization. An osteopath is a specialist who offers a non-invasive diagnostic method without the involvement of medical devices and special equipment. By contact palpation, he identifies a diseased organ or muscle, an affected bone structure or another “segment” of an organic resource. The osteopath perfectly knows the anatomy, is engaged in the identification and treatment of the vast majority of diseases of the body. Is a "non-traditional" doctor, but because of this his demand among the masses does not decrease at all.
Osteopath doctor - what treats
This doctor practices manual techniques that are particularly relevant in a number of clinical pictures. The proposed diagnosis with the subsequent appointment of intensive care has a minimum number of contraindications, rarely provokes complications even in the child’s body. If you turn to an osteopath that this doctor treats, not all patients know. If we talk about the field of activity of this narrow specialist, the existing diseases and clinical pictures, from which you can quickly get rid of, are presented below:
- weakened immunity
- childbirth, lactation,
- stressful situations
- disturbed sleep phase
- nervous and mental disorders
- problems with the spine of unknown etiology,
- systematic migraine attacks,
- disturbed blood pressure in the lower or higher side,
- overweight, a form of obesity.
How to treat an osteopath
Manual therapy is a painless practice of diagnosis and effective treatment, which involves the identification of problem areas on the body and in the body by palpation. If you are interested in how the osteopath works, there are many videos that represent this graduate in the business.You can contact a specialized clinic and have no doubt that professional assistance will be provided in a timely manner.
Before treating an osteopath, it requires preparation of analyzes, ultrasound and MRI results in advance. It is extremely important that the session passed was the most effective. Osteopathy is a relatively new trend in modern medicine, which requires monitoring the patient's health in all respects. The doctor determines where there are special points on the body, using which you can achieve a stable and prolonged positive dynamics of the disease. Here the main thing - in its inexperience do no harm.
This is not only an adult doctor, the specialist treats even newborns with extensive birth injuries and congenital diseases. Those who are not aware of what the osteopath does, it's time to remind you that such a pediatric doctor successfully treats hip joints dysplasia, impaired intracranial pressure, while productively eliminating the problems of the spine, systemic blood flow and nervous overstrain. If you do everything that says osteopaths for children, there are chances to leave the majority of congenital pathologies in the past in the first year of life.
Osteopath for infants
If a neurologist is required for a child after birth, it will be better for a neurologist-osteopath who offers gentle and gentle methods of successful treatment. The principle of work is to identify the problem area, and then eliminate it with a course of corrective massage. If such procedures are done 3-4 times in the first year of life, the child’s spine will very soon get stronger, and the baby will begin to develop ahead of its age. In the future, and the process of learning in school will be given to him much easier.
If an adult chooses an osteopath for an infant, than such a specialist can help, the district pediatrician will prompt. To undergo an osteopathic session without prior consultation is fraught with unpleasant consequences, moreover, this specialist will not be able to help anything if there are no results of laboratory and clinical examinations on his hands.
Osteopath and manual therapist - differences
Osteopathy is a fascinating and little-studied medical field. Moreover, he is often confused with manual therapy and a specialist who practices this technique. There is a difference, although it may seem insignificant to a simple man in the street. If the task of an osteopath is to determine the cause of the pathological process and eliminate it in a timely manner, then the goal of the manual is to suppress the alarming symptoms in any of its manifestations.
This is one of the arguments that distinguishes the osteopath from the chiropractor. In addition, the osteopath has an effect on soft tissues, while a specialist in manual therapy exclusively affects bone structures. It is better to treat the child at the first specialist, since the intensive therapy of the second is accompanied by acute pain syndrome. If it is necessary to treat an osteopath - who is it, it is better to find out in advance.
Video: osteopath reception
Svetlana, 41 years. For a long time she did not understand what an osteopath was doing and why this specialist was needed. I found out when I treated a pinched cervical vertebra. My feedback is positive, and besides, I am now convinced that osteopathy is the basis of medicine. I had 7 sessions enough to move my neck normally again, not to writhe in pain and not to spoil the nerves of the whole family.
Marina, 36 years old Cranial osteopathy helped me with health. For a long time, she suffered from severe headaches, no pills already helped to remove the attack. It was here that I learned who such an osteopath was. It became easier after the first dose, but I went through another 8 sessions. As a result, migraine attacks are in the past, I feel much better. My feedback is positive.
Irina, 38 years old A familiar osteopath to me was doing a course of visceral massage for quick weight loss. In such a safe way, it was possible not only to get rid of 6 kg in 2 months, but also to normalize the work of the intestine and improve metabolism. I am just in awe of my new weight, it has become less by 2 sizes and I am not going to dwell on the results achieved.
Osteopathy what it is that treats
Osteopathy is a modern, drug-free, non-traumatic method of diagnosing and treating disorders of the anatomical and physiological interaction of individual organs and body parts of a patient. This section of medicine has long been considered an alternative to the classical methods of treating diseases, but over time it took a worthy place among the innovative methods of treatment.
Osteopath is who
What is an osteopath? An osteopath is a master of palpation, a person who distinguishes with his hands even small changes in the condition of muscles, joints, bones and is able to carry out successful treatment, relying only on the capabilities of his hands.
What does an osteopath do? An osteopath is a highly qualified doctor who is able to determine with his hands which organs and bony structures have failed, are limited in movement and are displaced from their normal position, what causes muscle spasm and pain.
What does an osteopath do?
- treatment of diseases associated with bones and joints - arthritis, arthrosis,
- nervous disorders - neurosis, neuritis,
- elimination of pain of any origin - headaches, discomfort in the back, cervical and other spine, stress and tension,
- carrying out a complex of recovery procedures after trauma and childbirth, the normalization of hormonal levels, metabolism and sleep.
Osteopathy quackery or not
In its present form, osteopathy, as a type of manual therapy, was born in the second half of the XIX century in the USA. The founder of osteopathy was Andrew Still, born in 1828 in the family of a doctor. He did not have a serious medical education; nevertheless, in 1874 Still founded his own medical school of osteopathy, a specialty which he himself had invented. As part of his ideas, Still rejected all methods of official medicine.
Here are some quotes from Andrew Still:
All nerves must be released on the path of their movement in the body from any compression that may be caused by a displaced bone, a stressed or enlarged muscle, nerve, vein or artery.
Despite the lack of reliable scientific research, but thanks to competent marketing, the faith of people in osteopathy is quite high. Modern osteopaths, trying to be closer to official medicine, have changed their practice so much that now they are equated with doctors.
Manual therapist and osteopath what is the difference
What is the difference between an osteopath and a chiropractor? Unlike manual therapy, osteopathy implies the treatment of not individual foci of the disease, but of the whole integrity of the organism - in its indissoluble unity of structure, biochemistry and neurophysiology. The similarity with osteopathy is only in the manual term, meaning the use by the doctor of his hands (from Lat. manus - hand) in the treatment of the patient.
If manual therapy is a system of manual actions for the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, osteopathy is a whole philosophy, science, art to manage human health.
It should be noted that there is a certain connection between the methods, as osteopathy relies in its knowledge on long-term studies and the practice of manual therapists.
In order for an osteopath to master his profession perfectly, he must also be an excellent manual therapist.
Osteopath doctor that treats
How does an osteopath treat? The osteopath treats the body as a whole, rather than just flexing the muscles or “leveling the back”. It performs several functions at once: diagnostician, therapist, neurologist, chiropractor, orthopedist.
An osteopath always has a specific goal - to determine where the failure occurred and which particular organ is “guilty” of this. It identifies spasms, reveals where mobility is limited, distinguishes where the edema is, and where it is blood stasis, and acting on a specific part of the body, gets the result at a different distance from the cause.
What treats an osteopath in adults? The list of diseases with which patients turn to an osteopath specialist is sufficiently wide and varied:
- ENT diseases: sinusitis, chronic otitis media, antritis, tonsillitis,
- diseases of the spine: osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, scoliosis, spondylosis, spondylarthrosis,
- neurological pathologies: intercostal neuralgia, abnormal intracranial pressure, tension headaches, migraines,
- diseases of the respiratory system: bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma,
- pathologies of the digestive tract organs: gastric ulcer, gastritis, liver disease, gallbladder, pancreas,
- diseases of the genitourinary system: infertility, soreness and irregular menstruation in women, prostatitis and impotence in men,
- consequences of injuries and operations: adhesions after operations, head injuries, contractures and other injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
What treats an osteopath in children? A specialist still in infancy can identify and correct that which at an older age is no longer amenable to treatment and has a bad effect on the overall development of a child. For example, the effects of rapid delivery or birth trauma.
- Osteopathy for children is necessary if they have:
- Cerebral palsy,
- hydrocephalic syndrome
- developmental delay
- brain dysfunction
- flat feet,
- frequent colds,
- diseases of the digestive organs,
- and much more.
Osteopath for infants than can help? According to statistics, about 80% of infants have minor birth injuries that adversely affect the state of the bone tissue, bone structure, cardiovascular system, internal organs. Such lesions are not visible to the eye and may be missed by the doctors of the maternity ward. The osteopath is able to help the newborn to adapt to the environment by gently affecting certain areas of the skeleton.
Types of osteopathy
Osteopathy is a holistic science. The division into separate types is purely conditional - for ease of explanation and to reflect the historical development of osteopathy.
- There are three main areas of osteopathy:
- Structural Osteopathy works with the locomotor system - with bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. At the same time, it solves problems not only in the listed components (for example, in the spine), but also through them with other organs - for example, foot pathology can cause gallbladder dyskinesia. It can be indicated for various disorders in the musculoskeletal system, including spinal diseases, for example, with herniated intervertebral disc.
- Cranio-sacred (from lat. sranium - skull, sacrum - sacrum) osteopathy is engaged in the elimination of various pathologies of the system, which includes:
- bones of the skull and their joints
- spinal cord,
- the whole spine, including the tailbone,
- as well as the system of cerebrospinal and cerebral circulation.
Effective for the treatment of headaches, normalize sleep, improve memory and ability to concentrate. Can be used when recovering from head injuries.
- respiratory system organs
- preinfarction conditions, hypertension,
- gastrointestinal dysfunction, pancreatitis, cholecystitis,
- gynecological diseases
- prostatitis and prostate adenomas,